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With reduced income, half of the paulistanos made nozzles in 2020

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São Paulo – About four out of ten paulistanos (43%) noticed a drop in their income during the year 2020, according to a survey by Rede Nossa São Paulo. In 2019, this index was 31%, which reveals the economic impacts of the pandemic. This reduction mainly affected the population aged 55 and over. But it also complicated the lives of women, young people and blacks, revealing unequal impacts. In view of this impoverishment, almost half (48%) of the capital’s residents declared to have done some complementary activity – the so-called “beaks” – last year.

Data from the new edition of the survey “Living in São Paulo: Work and Income”, released on Wednesday (24), point out that nozzles in general services, such as renovations and domestic repairs, were the most frequent, adopted by 10% of this contingent – compared to 4% of women. Among men, this type of occupation reached 16%.

Second, 7% of respondents resorted to selling home-made foods, such as cakes, breads, sweets and lunchboxes. This was the activity cited by 10% of women who sought to supplement their income. Men who cooked out last year added up to 4%.

Following are the functions of street vendor (5%), crafts (4%), beauty services (4%). Safety tips were cited by 3% of respondents. In applications, deliveries accounted for 2% of complementary activities. And passenger transport, only 1%. Another 19% mentioned other activities.

According to the general coordinator of Rede Nossa São Paulo, Jorge Abrahão, the survey numbers reveal a deterioration in the city’s economic conditions. “Basically, people are very tight from a financial point of view. What causes them to search for alternatives, which are the beaks. Even people who work seek to make up for this income reduction, ”he said.

By region

The perception of falling income was greater among residents of the eastern and southern regions. In the first, that number rose from 28% to 46%. In the second, there was a jump from 28% to 43% in the perception of impoverishment. On the other hand, the residents of the center were those who most reported income stability, with 56%. In the city as a whole, 41% reported stability. And only 10% said their income has increased. In the opposite direction, the western region recorded the largest number of people (58%) who said they did not need to resort to the nozzles.

Weight in pocket

The percentage of São Paulo residents who pointed to food as the item with the greatest impact on the domestic budget also rose from 43% to 50%. For those trained up to elementary school, this rate reaches 60%. Afterwards, housing (24%), health (12%), education (4%), transportation (3%), leisure (3%) and clothing (1%) were mentioned.

Job

In addition, 15% of paulistanos declared that they were unemployed. But, again, the lack of work affects people unevenly, according to income, age, education level, color and region. Among young people aged 16 to 27, 27% are looking for an occupation. In classes D and E, this index reaches 24% of the population. Among blacks and browns, the unemployed account for 20%. The southern region concentrates the largest number of unemployed, with 22%.

About four out of ten have been unemployed for about a year. When looking for a job, portfolio entry is cited as the most important factor, followed by pay. Benefits, such as meal vouchers, health insurance, daycare assistance, among others, appear in third place.

Entrepreneurship

The survey also revealed that two out of five paulistanos would like to be entrepreneurs if they had the option two years from now. In classes D and E, this number reaches 50%. On the other hand, one in four prefers to be autonomous. Another 19% would opt for a formal job.

The lack of resources is the obstacle most cited by those who would like to have their own business. Bureaucracy is a difficulty mentioned by three out of 10. Another 24% point out that the current economic scenario is not favorable.

However, in the opinion of sociologist Clemente Ganz Lúcio, former technical director of Dieese, the will to undertake must be viewed with reservations. In fact, it is a search for an alternative to the terrible conditions of the labor market. He also stressed that social inequality must be dealt with urgently, as it is confirmed as a “structural impediment” to the country’s development. In addition, policies aimed at economic growth are lacking.

“When the country has an economic dynamic that favors productive development, salaried occupations are those that grow the most. And they quickly reduce self-employment and self-employment, often characterized as entrepreneurship. On the other hand, entrepreneurship is a response to the terrible working conditions, the lack of protection, the excessive working hours and the absence of stable employment ties. In addition to the terrible wages paid for jobs without a formal contract, ”he said.

The survey was carried out between December 5, 2020 and January 4, 2021. 800 people over 16 years old were heard from all regions of the city. The margin of error is 3 percentage points more or less.

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Economy

Argentine President contaminated by covid-19 and fulfills isolation

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São Paulo – The president of Argentina, Alberto Fernández, informed on social media that he tested positive for covid-19, after showing symptoms of the disease. He said he is in isolation and has warned people with whom he has had contact in the past 48 hours. And he also reported that he had 37.3ºC of fever, in addition to feeling a slight headache.

The announcement was made this Saturday (3), the day after Fernández turned 62. “For everyone’s information, I am physically well and, although I wanted to end my birthday without this news, I am also in a good mood,” said the president.

He received the first dose of the vaccine (Sputnik) in January. The second, the following month. “I’m fine, I don’t have any symptoms. Only this fever from yesterday that I reported ”, he declared to the newspaper Clarín. “It is a very complicated virus, and the demonstration is that I got infected, even though I was vaccinated with both doses and with extreme care,” he added.

Former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who received the second dose of the vaccine today, sent a message of support to “Daqui do Brasil I send good energy, hoping for its prompt recovery. May soon overcome this disease to continue caring for the Argentine people. Hugs, mate! ”He wrote.

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