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‘We are quilombolas, we are resistance, we seek Zumbi in Pixinguinha’

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We are because many came before us!


In the middle of an impenetrable organization called Angola Janga, known as Quilombo dos Palmares, the quilombola leader, Zumbi dos Palmares, appears! He became a warrior in a practically secret society that lasted for almost a century, during the Brazilian colonial period, located in Serra da Barriga, between Alagoas and Pernambuco.

Killed on November 20, 1695, according to the records of our colonizers, Zumbi, in fact, lives in us! Lives in every black skin and in every musical arrangement that is organized, because music is also resistance!

Music is a sacred institution and even if they try to whiten Choro, it is in it that we find the protagonism of black figures, such as that of Anacleto de Medeiros and the maestro Pixinguinha, who was born in the late 19th century, in the post-abolition year, in 1897. With his dark skin, he leaves his mark and builds a black musicality that Afro-references us.

In his sonority, divine, graceful and majestic, “Pizindim” impressed Africa in its maxixed crying, brought the sacred rhythm of Iansã, the orixá of the winds and, with that, marked the agueré crucifixes in its keys. He presented the Brazilian people with a black and syncretic rhythm that shows life and resistance, even with all the social structure that marginalizes dark skin.

We are quilombolas, we are resistance, we search for Zumbi at Maestro Pixinguinha and this combination gave rise to this video, with the song Dando Topada, a composition by Pixinguinha, which has its first record in 1957.

Enjoy this gherkin, commanded by these black potentialities: the Carioca of the Trio Júlio – Magno Júlio in the reco-reco, Marlon Júlio in the guitar and Maycon Júlio in the mandolin. With them are Henrique Araújo (cavaquinho), Xeina Barros (atabaques), Bira Nascimento (flute), Allan Abbadia (bombardino) and Tiganá Macedo (agogô).

Black treasures in Choro, to revere resistance and celebrate the Africa that exists in us!

Thanks Zumbi!

Thank you, Pixinguinha!

ConsciênciaNegra # 20deNovember #Zumbi #ZumbidosPalmares #Palmares #ValeuZumbi #SP #RJ #FaremosPalmaresdeNovo #Choro #Chorinho #Pizindim #Pixinguinha

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Economy

more unemployment and more informality

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São Paulo – Government, businessmen and some parliamentarians were in tune with the defense of the bill that, if approved, would lead to the creation of Law 13,467 in 2017. The so-called labor reform, after all, would lead to the creation of millions of jobs. This would happen to the extent that it would end the rigidity of the legislation, which they treated as being “plastered”, facilitating hiring and giving the much-needed “modernization” to the Brazilian labor market.

Because the law completed three years on November 11 “and nobody celebrated, not even timidly”, recalls analyst Marcos Verlaine, from the Inter-Union Department of Parliamentary Advisory (Diap). “Among the expectations generated by the authors, the government of that time, the businessmen, who sponsored, defended and acted strongly in Congress to approve it, the media and reality, remained the harsh reality”, he says, in an article. He defines the measure passed by Congress as a “capital Trojan horse” to implode labor rights.

Collective bargaining?

The insistent defense of the “negotiated over the legislature”, a recurring expression at the time, was not to privilege negotiation, notes the analyst. “It was to remove rights, since the negotiations – both CCT (ccollective labor agreements) and ACT (collective labor agreements) – they never prevented, on the contrary, that the conventions surpass the CLT, nor that the agreements surpass the conventions. ”

The “millions” of jobs did not come, even before the pandemic. The growth in occupation was basically due to informal work. In 2016, the year before the “reform”, the country had 10.1 million unpaid employees in the private sector and 22.4 million self-employed workers. Last year, they were 11.6 million and 24.2 million, respectively (check table). The data are from the National Household Sample Survey (Pnad) Continua, from IBGE.

Modernization or precariousness?

Employment with a wallet fell. And the Gini index at work, which measures inequality, which until 2015 fell, rose again the following year and has not stopped.

The “reform” introduced hiring modalities, such as intermittent work. They were also presented as items of the necessary “modernization”, but union members and researchers identify them as additional signs of precariousness in the market. Although still small, the participation of the intermittent modality has been growing.

This week, the Federal Supreme Court (STF) began to judge direct actions of unconstitutionality against intermittent work. In his vote, the rapporteur, Minister Edson Fachin, considered the item unconstitutional and causing damage to workers’ health. But his colleagues Kassio Nunes Marques and Alexandre Moraes were in favor of the sport. The trial was interrupted by a request for view from Minister Rosa Weber.

If it is impossible to revoke the law in its entirety, Verlaine suggests specific changes, citing intermittent hiring. “It is necessary to negotiate with all political and social actors in order to bring about changes in this scorched earth scenario” he argues.

read more: ‘Labor Reform’: Stories of a False Promise and Changes in ‘Endless Destruction’

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