São Paulo – Thousands of Americans have been occupying the streets of cities in the United States since Saturday night (30) and all this Sunday, in protest for the murder by suffocation of George Floyd, a 46-year-old black man. The crime, committed by a white policeman, occurred in the city of Minneapolis last Monday and was filmed.
This weekend’s demonstrations took place in about 30 cities in 16 states of that country. In cities like Washington, Seattle and Dallas, crowds gathered on the streets to denounce the police violence and racial discrimination that continue to be frequent in the United States. There was police repression, turmoil, looting and depredation in cities like New York, Los Angeles, Atlanta, Chicago and Miami. In these last four, a curfew was decreed, in an attempt to inhibit the demonstrations.
In New York, about 200 people were arrested for participating in conflicts with police. Vehicles were burned in Atlanta. Five Los Angeles police men were injured when they suppressed popular protests.
Predictably, President Donald Trump said the protests are fueled by “a group of criminals, vandals and anarchists”. He also tried to reverse the logic of the demonstrations, saying that they “dishonor the memory” of George Floyd.
According to the official, “violence and vandalism are the work of extreme left groups that terrorize innocent people, destroy jobs and companies and burn buildings.”
Trump signaled support for police forces and vowed to end the protests. “Today, the United States needs creation, not destruction. They need security, not chaos. And there will be no chaos! We support the vast majority of extraordinary police officers dedicated to serving the public. They protect us from gangs and drugs and risk their lives for us every day ”.
Protests also in Europe
Demonstrations this weekend for justice for the assassination of George Floyd were also organized in cities in Europe, with emphasis on the acts in Berlin and London.
In the German capital, protests took place on Saturday afternoon, starting with a rally in front of the US embassy. Thousands of people attended the event organized by the Black Lives Matter movement.
In England, thousands of people marched through London’s Peckham district on Sunday. Most of the region’s population is black and immigrant. There was also concentration in front of the American embassy in the English capital.
More than 165,000 people participate in study on post-pandemic world
IHU – Among the 14 ideas considered a priority (for a post-pandemic world) include the development of short circuits, the adoption of agroecology and the relocation of strategic productions. This is what the report by Audrey Garric, published by the French newspaper, shows Le Monde, on May 28th. The translation is by André Langer.
More than ever, citizens have been involved in building the “post-pandemic world”. The consultation “How can we invent the post-pandemic world together?” was launched on April 10 by several organizations. These include WWF France, the Red Cross or Make.org. And it brought together no less than 165 thousand participants, who drew 20 thousand proposals and carried out 1.7 million votes. The results, published on Thursday, May 28, show the desire for a greener future and more focused on local production. They are in line with the consultation “The next day”, launched by 66 parliamentarians and concluded in mid-May.
Those who responded to the consultation declared themselves in favor of local consumption, with the development of short circuits, and the decrease in imports – with taxation of the mileage traveled by the products. They want the practice of “alternative” agriculture and livestock, which are more local and less intensive. Based mainly on agroecology or permaculture, and the use of less phytosanitary products.
They also advocate limiting the production of waste, in particular packaging and disposable plastic, and encouraging recycling. They are in favor of relocating in France and Europe all the productions considered strategic. Especially in the health, food and textile sectors. And they want to develop ecological mobility (public transport, free ride, bicycle) and reduce road and air freight transport for the benefit of rail transport.
Modification of the economic model
Finally, they want a greener urban space, better protect biodiversity, better know and remunerate the professions considered essential (teachers, farmers, cashiers, truck drivers, caregivers …), provide more resources to hospitals, develop a more participatory democracy or even modify radically the economic model.
On the other hand, some proposals were not maintained because they are considered to be very controversial. Such as the establishment of a universal income, the ban on the implantation of 5G, the reduction of weekly working time or the abandonment of nuclear energy.
“This consultation showed a high degree of involvement by the population, says Axel Dauchez, president of Make.org. The rate of proposals, when reduced to the number of participants, is about ten times higher than that of other consultations on our platform ”.
WWF France is committed to “translating citizens’ expectations into more detailed measures, modeling their socio-economic impact (especially in terms of maintaining and creating jobs) and assessing the investment needs needed to implement them,” explains Pierre Cannet , director of the NGO’s legal sector. The idea is to deliver the measures to the President of the Republic and to the government by the end of June. And that they are integrated into the plan to resume the economy planned for the fall.
Sustainable economic recovery
It is precisely here that the main challenge lies for the dozens of consultations with the population launched since the covid-19 crisis. How can they have a bearing on politics? Unlike the citizen convention on the climate, which has an official mandate and was committed by Emmanuel Macron to see his proposals be transmitted “without a filter”, the other platforms do not know if the results of their work will be taken into account and how.
“There is a risk that these many platforms will remain politically dead letters, which could discredit the processes of participatory democracy”, he warns Mathilde Imer, one of the creators of “Nous les premiers”, Name of a tribune addressed to Emmanuel Macron and which brings together local elected officials and civil society actors, which proposes to bring together all citizen consultations.
“Nous les premiers” invites you to summarize the consultations, which could be done, for example, by National Public Debate Commission. This synthesis could then be used to define a “national plan for sustainable economic recovery” through a deliberative process of the Grenelle or Citizen Assembly.
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