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State Health Secretaries ask MEC to postpone proof

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São Paulo – State Health Secretaries claim the postponement of the Enem test, scheduled for the next 17 and 25 days. The position of the National Council of Health Secretaries (Conass), which sent a letter to the Minister of Education, Milton Ribeiro, was shared today (12) by the state secretary of Espírito Santo, the health doctor Nésio Fernandes de Medeiros Junior.

As the Secretary of Health of Espírito Santo announced in his Twitter account, Conass marked a favorable position for the postponement of Enem. “It is not appropriate to carry out a national examination of these proportions in a context of high transmission of the disease and in such asymmetrical realities in the country. All states have high-transition regions, ”he wrote.

Still according to the manager, each state has specific protocols for carrying out school activities and the National Institute of Educational Studies and Research (Anepio Teixeira) (Inep) should be able to adapt to these standards. “If it is not possible, the only way is to postpone the exam. We are on the eve of starting vaccination in the country. .

Adem Enem

In the morning, Education Minister Milton Ribeiro stated that the test schedule will be maintained. He also said that a “noisy minority” is calling for the evidence to be postponed. He told the pay TV channel CNN that all biosafety precautions are being taken. “We want to provide security for those who are going to take the test. We cannot seal life, students’ expectations ”.

The statement came with the decision of the Federal Court of São Paulo, which rejected the request of the Public Defender’s Office (DPU) in São Paulo, which asked for the postponement of evidence. In her order, federal judge Marisa Cláudia Gonçalves Cucio says that on Inep’s website “there is sufficient information on biosafety measures for the 2020 edition of Enem. The magistrate also understands that the pandemic does not have its uniform effects throughout the national territory and that it is necessary to take into account the logistics and the costs involved in an eventual postponement of the tests.

DPU, however, appealed the decision to the Federal Regional Court of the 3rd Region (TRF-3). The author of the resource, defender João Paulo de Campos Dorini, argues that schools do not offer the necessary conditions for biosafety, as the Minister of Education says.

“It seems clear, at that moment, that if the classrooms and schools where the tests for these next two weeks will be held were able to receive students, albeit on a rotation basis, masks, alcohol gels and constant hand hygiene, certainly face-to-face classes would have returned in all public schools a long time ago ”.

Covid-19 killed Inep director

Yesterday, the director of Evaluation of Basic Education at Inep, the sector responsible for Enem, General Carlos Roberto Pinto de Souza, 59, died in Curitiba due to complications of the covid-19. The body subordinated to the MEC issued a note of condolence for the death of the general, but without mentioning the cause of death.

The movement for the postponement of the test is not only due to the great possibility of new infections by the new coronavirus when there is already an explosion of contagions and deaths – Brazil has passed the 203 thousand deaths. The pandemic has damaged the lives of students, especially the poorest, who live with the threat in slums and poor neighborhoods. In addition to the loss of family members to the disease, which also affected everyone emotionally, they were unable to continue studying throughout 2020. Computer and internet at home is still a luxury. And for few.

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Economy

Book addresses transformations in rap through changes in society

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São Paulo – Society undergoes several changes, year after year, be it culturally, in its forms of organization, and even in new working methods. These transformations influence other segments, including Hip-Hop, rap and their MC battles. In view of this, social scientist Felipe Oliveira Campos, known as Felipe Choco, launched the book Rap, Culture and Politics: Battle of the Matrix and the Aesthetics of Entrepreneurial Overcoming, which addresses the digital and marketing influence within this culture.

A member of the Center for Studies and Research of Afro-America (Nepafro), Choco analyzes contemporary society using the Battle of the Matrix held in São Bernardo do Campo as a pillar since 2013, and considered a reference in the duel between MCs. The resistance of the event, the target of police repression and municipal administration, was the starting point for the author.

“When I face the Battle of the Matrix, it poses a number of questions that can be deepened, being able to understand it beyond the context of battles, as public spaces in cities”, he explains. “When the Battle of the Matrix emerged, I was part of the Hip-Hop Forum of São Bernardo do Campo, and mediated conflicts with the Government. Therefore, I realized that the conflicts that the battle created when occupying the public space, raised questions of general interest. So I used the Battle of the Matrix as a way to understand contemporary Brazil, ”added Choco.

In 2018, RBA reported the repression suffered by the battle of ABC Paulista. At the time, the management of the mayor of São Bernardo do Campo, Orlando Morando (PSDB), tried to “boycott” the traditional rap event in the city, by charging a fee for using the Praça da Matrix, in the city center. At various times, rapper Emicida went to the site to support young people.

Social transformations

While society sees new forms of organization, rap also adapts to these changes. The writer compares the professionalization of artists and battles to the industrialization of the city of São Bernardo do Campo and Posse Hausa, a black organization founded in the 1990s, focused on the Hip-Hop movement, whose majority of the members were workers in the ABC industry Paulista.

With the 2017 labor reform, by then President Michel Temer (MDB-SP), Felipe Choco explains that the social dynamics have also changed within the Hip-Hop culture. “Today, the organizers of the Battle of the Matrix are part of the service sector, without stability and without social protection. Therefore, the financial solution, among the organizers, was the professionalization of the event. This applies to the whole culture. ”

The main example used by the author of these social and economic transformations in rap is Emicida’s career. Coming from the Battle of Santa Cruz, disputed south of São Paulo, the rapper emerged using the main method of rhyming duels: the punchlines – in Portuguese, punch lines, used to impress the listener.

After the success, the rapper created his own musical label: Laboratório Fantasma. “Emicida created a horizon to organize its own career, without having to go through the distributors’ screen. In other words, it is the democratization of music production, distribution and consumption ”, said Choco, who recalls that the book’s presentation is signed by the MC.

Aesthetics of entrepreneurial overcoming

Based on the phenomenon achieved by Emicida, the social scientist points to the creation of a new aesthetic within rap: that of entrepreneurial overcoming. According to him, this aspect allows creative freedom and financial autonomy, creating a style of business organization.

“This overcoming does not mean denying the culture’s past, but advancing in the market sense, creating a mark around the artist”, he explained. The author quotes a statement by Mano Brown, a member of Racionais, where the rapper points out that the phonographic market is no longer just the commercialization of music, but also the image and positioning of MCs.

This aesthetic creates a new notion of work and organization, according to the author. “If we make a parallel with the industrial market, in the 1990s, work was in opposition to capital, where the organization of the workforce sought its valorization. Now, in the face of informality and the imposition that ‘each one is an entrepreneur of their own’, artists become their own business capital ”, he reiterates.

However, this entrepreneurial resilience does not only involve rappers and new independent labels, but also affects the battles of MCs, including the Matrix. With the rise of streaming platforms such as YouTube, duels have become more digital, have reached new audiences and created a new market.

“The Battle of the Matrix is ​​a product of that condition that battles have become. Before the pandemic, every Tuesday, she mobilized 1,000 people in the square. Battles play a fundamental role in mutations and reinventions of culture, as was the case with punchline, taking a new breath in how to make and organize rap. These changes that occur in rap did not come out of nowhere, they are the result of social transformations ”, concludes Felipe.

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