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Science in public schools symbolizes resistance to attacks and dismantling

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São Paulo – Science and public school. Attacked and devalued by policies in the service of negationism, obscurantism and privatization, both resist. And they continue to face adversities and do research in search of knowledge and technology to improve people’s lives, the health of the planet and to reduce social inequalities.

This became clear during the virtual trophy delivery ceremony for the second edition of the Carolina Bori Science & Woman award, granted by the Brazilian Society for the Progress of Science (SBPC) last week. Of the total of 286 enrollments, 90 are from students participating in scientific initiation programs across the country.

The winner in the High School category was Juliana Davoglio Estradioto, 20, who developed a biodegradable plastic film from the shell of the macadamia nut in the laboratory of the Federal Institute of Rio Grande do Sul (IFRS). “The material produced is an alternative to ordinary plastics. But it could also be used in Medicine, in the production of artificial skins ”, he said.

Science and engineering

The invention was also first place at the 33rd Brazilian Science and Technology Exhibition and the International Science and Technology Exhibition (Mostratec), in 2018, and in the 17th edition of the Brazilian Science and Engineering Fair (Febrace), promoted by USP.

Next, Juliana went to the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair (Intel Isef), in May 2019, in the United States. It ranked first in the materials science category.

Currently a student of Chemical and Biological Engineering and Communication Studies at Northwestern University, in the United States, he collects more than ten national and international scientific awards, apart from 30 mentions and congratulatory votes. But he knows that science and education cannot be the result of interest, goodwill and determination.

“I wanted to make an appeal: we need public investments in science and education. I came from a federal school and we know that we don’t always have the same conditions for everyone. We need to value public, free and quality education ”, he said, during the award.

More space for public schools

The Carolina Bori Science & Woman award also showed that the research goes beyond the federal network of technological and higher education, leader in the production of science in the country. Colleges of application of universities and state high schools also participate, through scientific initiation programs. So much so that two female students who received an honorable mention are precisely from these networks.

High school student at the Application College of the Federal University of Pará (UFPA), Ana Carolina Botelho Lucena, 17, researched the family relationships of slaves in the Amazon between 1800 and 1850. Relations, according to her, marked by the social inequalities deepened by the system slavery. A theme, in fact, that can be taken up again after graduation, due to the bias of the ills of slavery.

“They don’t want the working class to occupy universities”. (Photo: Playback / Facebook)

“It is beautiful to see the public school reaching these spaces. Long live the public school! Unfortunately, we live in a government that devalues ​​research, education and does not encourage public schools, quite the contrary. A reflection of this was the realization of Enem. A great neglect of MEC, of ​​Inep, given that educational inequalities have increased visibly. As a public school student, I had virtually no class last year. Despite the efforts of schools, teachers, distance learning is effective, ”said Ana Carolina to RBA.

Black and feminist, the scientist in training understands that the problems in education are not of today. And it is not by chance that the school is so devalued. “We see more and more who are the people that the powerful want to see in universities. And they are certainly not the sons and daughters of the working class. It is increasingly clear how much it bothers to see the working class occupying universities, ”said Ana Carolina.

Cassava bioplastic

Another student with an honorable mention is Nallanda Victoria dos Santos Martins, 18, a student at the Antonio Garcia Filho State School, in Umbaúba, in the interior of Sergipe. With colleagues Adriel Ribeiro de Santana and Júlia Nunes Cardoso, he transformed manioc peels collected in flour houses in the municipality into a bioplastic to replace black bags used in the production of plant seedlings in greenhouses.

While this common plastic takes around 400 years to be degraded in nature, the bioplastic of cassava takes only two months, according to the degradation test carried out.

“Cassava is a source of income and subsistence in Umbaúba. There are many flour houses in the municipality. As a farmer’s daughter, I want agriculture to be much more sustainable, ”said Nallanda.

The cassava bioplastic was a finalist at the 18th Science and Engineering Fair (Febrace), which in 2020 was held in the virtual environment. And he received the “Most Outstanding Exhibit in Computer Science, Engineering, Physics or Chemistry” award from the Yale Science and Engineering Association in the United States.

“The school didn’t even have a laboratory, which unfortunately is a reality in many of the public schools in Brazil,” said Nallanda at the SBPC trophy delivery. But he amended in time: “Yes, the public school is capable”.

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Economy

Argentine President contaminated by covid-19 and fulfills isolation

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São Paulo – The president of Argentina, Alberto Fernández, informed on social media that he tested positive for covid-19, after showing symptoms of the disease. He said he is in isolation and has warned people with whom he has had contact in the past 48 hours. And he also reported that he had 37.3ºC of fever, in addition to feeling a slight headache.

The announcement was made this Saturday (3), the day after Fernández turned 62. “For everyone’s information, I am physically well and, although I wanted to end my birthday without this news, I am also in a good mood,” said the president.

He received the first dose of the vaccine (Sputnik) in January. The second, the following month. “I’m fine, I don’t have any symptoms. Only this fever from yesterday that I reported ”, he declared to the newspaper Clarín. “It is a very complicated virus, and the demonstration is that I got infected, even though I was vaccinated with both doses and with extreme care,” he added.

Former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who received the second dose of the vaccine today, sent a message of support to “Daqui do Brasil I send good energy, hoping for its prompt recovery. May soon overcome this disease to continue caring for the Argentine people. Hugs, mate! ”He wrote.

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