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Schools reopen on the brink of irresponsibility, experts say

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São Paulo – The governor of São Paulo, João Doria (PSDB), wants the reopening of state schools starting next Tuesday (8). The return would be partial, with 20% of the students and for activities such as school reinforcement, emotional care and sports. In this case, teachers will not be required to return and those who want to take a risk will receive an additional payment.

Despite this, educators consider the measure hasty, since the return to school brings a great possibility of contamination by the coronavirus. In Manaus, for example, high school returned on August 10 and, 15 days later, of the 1,060 teachers who took tests, 342 were infected.

The sociologist and specialist in educational policies, Cesar Callegari, says that the idea of ​​João Doria borders on irresponsibility. “Forcing these education professionals to return to their activities, offering them a kind of bonus, in my view, is a kind of blackmail. Many education professionals find themselves in a very complicated situation, ”said reporter Jô Miyagui, from TVT.

Research conducted by the Institute of Architects of Brazil (IAB), in partnership with the Union of Teachers of Official Education of the State of São Paulo (Apeoesp) shows that 93% of state schools need an eventual renovation in their facilities.

For teachers, there are no structural conditions for the reopening of schools. “There is no vaccine, we have no medicine. And the crowding of people, in school environments, is a high risk factor for increasing contamination and deaths ”, defends Paulo Neves, state director of Apeoesp.

Only in 2021

In addition, back to school, even with only a fifth of students, can contaminate up to 46% of teachers and students, after three months of reopening, according to the projection of a study with simulation of contagion by the new coronavirus, carried out by researchers from seven universities from three countries.

For the teachers’ union and the education specialist, the return to school should only take place in 2021. “If the tested vaccines are able to demonstrate an immunization capacity at the levels established by the World Health Organization (WHO). Other than that, it is impossible. No didactic and pedagogical effort is worthwhile, putting people’s lives at risk ”, says Paulo.

Callegari, on the other hand, affirms that it is a “recklessness” to put the health of education professionals, students and family members at risk. “In my view, it is unjustifiable, because life is the main value and people’s health is what the State should be concerned about.”

Due to the economic disaster this year, there will be a reduction in the collection of federal, state and municipal taxes, which may reduce the funds for education next year. “You will have to invest more, with less money. This demands a great responsibility from the government and the parliamentarians, so that they do not let the funds of education diminish. Otherwise, it can jeopardize the future of children and young people and adults, who depend on public schools, ”concludes Cesar.

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Economy

Union denounces the death of 20 teachers by covid-19 after back to school in SP

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São Paulo – The Union of Teachers of Official Education of the State of São Paulo (Apeoesp) held a demonstration today (4) denouncing the death of at least 20 teachers by covid-19 since the beginning of the return to school in the state of São Paulo Paulo. The entity also accounts for 1,861 confirmed cases of covid-19 in 850 schools. The protest took place in front of the State Department of Education of the government of João Doria (PSDB), after a motorcade through the streets of the capital of São Paulo. In addition to honoring these teachers, the act also called for an immediate suspension of classes until the new coronavirus pandemic is controlled in the state.

The demonstration began in the Masp free space, on Avenida Paulista. From there, the teachers went to the State Department of Education, at Praça da República. “It is unacceptable what the Doria government has been doing with teachers. Without closing schools, keeping thousands of teachers and staff and millions of students circulating every day, many in public transport, Doria and her Education Secretary reveal themselves as they are: enemies of life ”, said the president of Apeoesp and state deputy, Professor Bebel.

The Doria government has not released records of confirmed and suspected covid-19 cases in schools for two weeks. Much less if there was a death by covid-19 of teachers, students or other education workers. In the only balance sheet released on February 16, there were 741 confirmed cases and 1,133 suspected cases.

Folly

Although it claims that back to school amid the covid-19 pandemic is safe, the Doria government has restricted access to the Education Information and Monitoring System for Covid-19. With that, the governor leaves the assessment of the resumption of activities without any transparency. Only one server from each school can be registered and access the system, both to notify suspected or confirmed cases of the disease at school, and to monitor the general situation of the pandemic in the public school system.

The Secretary of State for Health of São Paulo, Jean Gorinchteyn, defended, on Tuesday (2), the closure of schools across the state due to the worsening of the pandemic of covid-19. He admitted that the increase in the circulation of people promoted by the return to school has contributed to the worsening of the transmission of the new coronavirus in recent weeks, as teachers and health experts have always said it would happen. Today, São Paulo has 17,802, with 9,910 in the ward and 7,892 in the ICU, the largest number in the entire pandemic.

“If we understand that people are threatened
against the virus, against the collapse (of the health system), we have to reevaluate
situations that could be avoided. One of them is the situation of the school. THE
The problem is not the school, but the movement of people. Teachers, students, parents
who take and bring their children. Even in public transport, the exposure that the
we end up putting people. At this point, it is worth noting that this
question of not having classes, ”said Gorinchteyn, in an interview with CBN radio.

Restrictions

In addition to the case records and the denunciation of the death of these teachers by covid-19, Apeoesp also highlights data from the Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual (HSPE) that shows the exhaustion of intensive care units (ICU) after returning to school. According to the internal bulletin of the HSPE, on Monday (1), the ICU occupancy for patients with covid-19 in the hospital is 95%. In wards, the occupation is 73%.

Yesterday, Doria announced that the entire state will enter the red quarantine phase for two weeks, starting on Saturday (6), due to the worsening of the covid-19 pandemic in São Paulo. However, he decided to keep the schools open. “Despite the restriction measures, state schools will continue to open their doors at the worst moment of the pandemic”, criticized Bebel, who guaranteed the continuation of the teachers’ strike, which started on February 8.

Teachers killed by covid-19 in São Paulo, according to a survey by Apeoesp:

Maria Inês Silva Frozel
Eda Balle Pulpato
Antonio Cesar Pereira
Cinthia Aparecida
Rodrigo Andrade
Regina Aparecida dos Santos Tomaz
Maria Soeiro
Maria Tereza Miguel Couto
Marcelo Shiroma
Antonio Cesar Pereira
Antônio Cesar Zenetti
Adriano Moraes
Ana Clara Macedo dos Santos
Paulo Henrique Camargo
Deolinda Scotti
Amauri Nicoletti
Guilherme Augusto de Oliveira Rebello
Luciani Andrade Serrão
Eliana Ferreira Boni
Luiz Roberto Oliveira

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