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Schools in São Paulo did not have soap and toilet paper. Will you have alcohol gel now?

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São Paulo – Inspection report by the Court of Auditors of the Municipality (TCM) reveals that, in 2019, the government of the mayor of São Paulo, Bruno Covas (PSDB), left almost 26% of municipal elementary and high schools without toilet paper in the student bathrooms. Only 25% of school units had liquid soap and 30% had paper towels available for student use. The document strengthens the questions about the guarantees that the city will guarantee the offer of 70% gel alcohol, masks and other hygiene items, in an eventual return to school in the middle of the pandemic.

In the interviews with the students, the inspection heard from 72.7% of them that the lack of toilet paper and liquid soap in the students’ bathrooms is common. Another 47.7% pointed out the precarious conditions of the sanitary facilities as the main issue. The problem was found in all units of the 13 Regional Education Directorates in the city. The items are for daily replacement, a determination that appears in the contracts with cleaning companies of the Municipal Department of Education. In 58.1% of schools, no toilet seats were found.

The reality of schools in São Paulo before the pandemic makes it difficult to believe in the Covas government’s Back to School Protocol. The document provides incentives for washing hands with soap and water or cleaning with alcohol several times during the class, with drying on paper towels. It also indicates the disinfection of environments and surfaces several times a day, with three cleaning steps. And washing the cloths used for cleaning, drying in the sun and ironed. Something that teachers say is unrealistic, in addition to increasing the risk of contamination of cleaning professionals.

Without control

Teachers and education workers have already pointed out these problems in discussions about back to school. And they are unanimous in taking a stand against the measure without effective control of the coronavirus pandemic. In live to debate the health protocol for resuming school activities, the Municipal Secretary of Education, Bruno Caetano, has heard that “back to school is impractical” and that the protocols defined so far “are very distant from the reality of the ‘school floor ‘”. In the comments of live, the positions against back to school were also a great majority.

Education professionals point out that it is necessary to guarantee the offer of individual protection equipment (PPE), testing for workers and families. And that the protocols are elaborated from the units and the view of education workers. The draft protocol applies to the Early Childhood Education Centers (CEIs), Municipal Early Childhood Schools (Emeis), Municipal Elementary Schools (Emefs) and Youth and Adult Education (EJA).

“We don’t see any real conditions to implement the protocol the way it was organized. It seems like a bad joke to read that the floor cloths will be ironed one by one after they are washed, when we know that most schools do not have laundry facilities, do not have a washing machine or hot iron. These cloths are washed by hand and are made by the black hands of women who will be the most exposed in this return, and may become statistics ”, said Professor Grazielly Rodrigues.

Tests and equipment

The professionals highlighted that, since the beginning of the pandemic, there was no testing for education professionals who had contact with confirmed cases of covid-19. Nor enough PPE for workers who had to keep going to school units. The draft protocol does not guarantee that these problems will be solved. The secretary said that PPE purchases are already being provided and that schools will receive funds for that too.

Teachers also point out that the protocols propose impractical measures, such as ensuring a meter of distance between children in early childhood education, up to 5 years. It even suggests creating playpens or keeping children in cribs to avoid contact, as well as prohibiting the use of external toys and any contact activity. Children under six years of age cannot use a mask, as advised by the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics, due to the risk of suffocation. This can greatly facilitate the spread of the coronavirus.

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Economy

‘Hypocrite’, Bolsonaro at UN blames victims of agribusiness and mining

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São Paulo – The “hypocritical” speech with which President Jair Bolsonaro opened, this Tuesday (22), the 75th United Nations General Assembly (UN), seems to have been made to the internal public of Brazil, its voters. And not for other heads of state and external actors, as expected at the UN ”. The opinion is of Professor Miriam Gomes Saraiva, from the Department of International Relations of the State University of Rio de Janeiro (Uerj). “It looks like a speech to then take a piece and put it on a blog. For external effects, the impact is very bad, because, with regard to the environment and the pandemic, any head of government needs to ask its ambassador in Brazil. ”

For the teacher, Bolsonaro’s “hypocritical” speech at the UN is “disconcerting”. “It is difficult to even talk about it, because it is shocking. The military, in the past, tried to talk about the development of the Amazon, with Transamazônica, Zona Franca, a series of items that, although predatory, are even pointed out as development. But, Bolsonaro, not even that defends. He simply lies. It does not defend anything whatsoever. ”

Pandemic

In his speech, the head of state of the largest country in South America stated: “As happened in much of the world, a portion of the Brazilian press also politicized the virus (which causes covid-19), spreading panic among the population, under the motto ‘stay home and see the economy later’ ”. According to him, “they almost brought social chaos to the country”.

Indifferent to the environmental tragedy that befalls the Amazon and the Pantanal, Bolsonaro said that forest fires occur “where the caboclo and the indigenous people burn their gardens in search of their survival”, and that in Mato Grosso the cause is the “high temperature”.

He also said that the emergency aid paid in Brazil to the neediest in the context of the pandemic is one thousand dollars. The benefit amount, R $ 600, in today’s values, does not reach 110 dollars, and the last four installments, of R $ 300, will be R $ 55.

“The speech reveals a cold and persistent liar. It is an extremely unfair, aggressive speech that blames the victims of invasions (indigenous lands) and covers up the guilt of those responsible for the attacks on native peoples, their rights, their ways of existence, the environment and forests in Brazil, says Cleber Buzatto, deputy secretary of the Indian Missionary Council (Cimi). “We absolutely repudiate this disastrous attempt by President Bolsonaro to hold the original peoples responsible for what they are being victims of, the interests of agribusiness and mining, which he tries to protect,” he adds.

Economic causes

The only alternative for countries that care about the environment
environment, human and indigenous rights is to stop buying
products of mineral and agricultural origin from Brazil, believes Buzatto. “While
there is demand there will be violence and aggression on the part of these sectors and protection
them by the Bolsonaro government. ”

In the opinion of Gilberto Maringoni, professor of International Relations at the Federal University of ABC (UFABC), in his second appearance at the UN General Assembly, Bolsonaro expressed himself in a more moderate tone than in 2019. Last year, he still represented a novelty on the international scene, a scenario in which President Donald “Trump was surfing in popularity”.

In 2019, Bolsonaro stated that he took over a country “on the verge of socialism” and made reference to the Mais Médicos program. He cited the program implemented in Dilma Rousseff’s first term as “an agreement between the PT government and the Cuban dictatorship”. For Maringoni, in view of Trump’s likely defeat to Joe Biden in the American elections, Bolsonaro adopted a more moderate speech.

Bolsonaro’s “hypocritical” side at the UN was also exposed when mentioning the trade agreement between Mercosur and the European Union (EU) and with the European Free Trade Association. “These agreements have important clauses that reinforce our commitments to environmental protection,” he said. In reality, the deal is in check in Europe precisely because of the environmental “policy” of his government in Brazil.

European pressure

Social pressures against the agreement are increasing in Europe. On Friday (18), the French government strongly spoke against the trade agreement between the EU and Mercosur. The agreement has not yet been ratified, due to serious environmental problems in the countries of the South American bloc, Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay. Last year, with Decree No. 10,084, the president released sugarcane planting in the Amazon, the Pantanal and the Upper Paraguay Basin. Read the decree here.

But Bolsonaro continues to try to capitalize on the deal that has not yet been finalized, which is of more interest to European capitalism than, for example, to the industry of South American countries. “Most likely, he will continue to repeat this, that he managed to sign the agreement. It is possible that it will be ratified at some point, including after the end of the Bolsonaro government, ”says Miriam Gomes Saraiva.

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