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São Paulo City Hall releases face-to-face classes from February 1st

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São Paulo – This Thursday (14), the City of São Paulo authorized the return of face-to-face classes in the public and private networks as of February 1st. In a press conference, the management Bruno Covas (PSDB) said that schools will be able to operate on a student rotation basis, with 35% of the capacity. Face-to-face classes were suspended in the municipality on March 16, 2020 due to the new coronavirus pandemic.

For the face-to-face return, the city announced the implementation of a surveillance monitoring system, through the health surveillance units in schools. Edson Aparecido, municipal health secretary, said that Basic Health Units (UBS) will provide detailed monitoring of children, educators and parents.

Teachers over 60 years of age and in the risk group will not resume activities. Fernando Padula, municipal secretary of Education, who was also present at the press conference, announced that kits will be delivered to each public school student, including soap, a mug and three masks.

This Wednesday (13), the state of São Paulo recorded a total number of 13,490 patients hospitalized for covid-19 in the entire hospital network – the highest number since August 2, 2020, when a total of 13,775 hospitalizations were recorded. The moving average of deaths has been above 200 occurrences for five days.

Councilman Celso Giannazi (Psol-SP) criticized the action of the city hall and recalls the lack of structure for the return. “Without any dialogue with the school community, the City Hall wants to resume classes at a time when the number of cases and deaths of covid-19 continues to grow. Recalling that schools do not have the conditions for return and there is a shortage of teachers, support staff and cleaning professionals in public schools ”, he published on Twitter.

Teachers are opposed

The measure follows the plan established by Governor João Doria (PSDB), which, in December last year, classified educational establishments as essential services so that they can open at any stage of the pandemic. The State Council of Education defined, on Wednesday, the return guidelines and established that schools offer at least one third of classes in person each month in 2021. The attendance of students will be mandatory and valid for state and private schools. , from early childhood education to high school.

The idea of ​​tucana management is to return to face-to-face classes, even if the state is in the red phase of the São Paulo Plan, which corresponds to the worst pandemic rates. Teachers are against returning to face-to-face classes, and they classify this initiative as “absurd”.

“The position of the unions has always been that of a safe return, which can comply with all sanitary conditions and, at the same time, also the advice of scientific authorities and warnings that the pandemic should not increase,” says the president of the Federation of Teachers of State of São Paulo, Celso Napolitano, to reporter Jô Miyagui, from TVT.

Apeoesp, the union that represents public school teachers, is against it and has gone to court to prevent new hires, as the government of the state of São Paulo intends. “You want to work on the network in person, you have to take the risk. This is absurd. That is why we, at Apeoesp, are filing a lawsuit against this hiring ordinance, an ordinance that I would call, at least, a morbid ordinance, a bad omen, ”says Apeoesp’s Communication Secretary, Roberto Guido.

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Economy

Book addresses transformations in rap through changes in society

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São Paulo – Society undergoes several changes, year after year, be it culturally, in its forms of organization, and even in new working methods. These transformations influence other segments, including Hip-Hop, rap and their MC battles. In view of this, social scientist Felipe Oliveira Campos, known as Felipe Choco, launched the book Rap, Culture and Politics: Battle of the Matrix and the Aesthetics of Entrepreneurial Overcoming, which addresses the digital and marketing influence within this culture.

A member of the Center for Studies and Research of Afro-America (Nepafro), Choco analyzes contemporary society using the Battle of the Matrix held in São Bernardo do Campo as a pillar since 2013, and considered a reference in the duel between MCs. The resistance of the event, the target of police repression and municipal administration, was the starting point for the author.

“When I face the Battle of the Matrix, it poses a number of questions that can be deepened, being able to understand it beyond the context of battles, as public spaces in cities”, he explains. “When the Battle of the Matrix emerged, I was part of the Hip-Hop Forum of São Bernardo do Campo, and mediated conflicts with the Government. Therefore, I realized that the conflicts that the battle created when occupying the public space, raised questions of general interest. So I used the Battle of the Matrix as a way to understand contemporary Brazil, ”added Choco.

In 2018, RBA reported the repression suffered by the battle of ABC Paulista. At the time, the management of the mayor of São Bernardo do Campo, Orlando Morando (PSDB), tried to “boycott” the traditional rap event in the city, by charging a fee for using the Praça da Matrix, in the city center. At various times, rapper Emicida went to the site to support young people.

Social transformations

While society sees new forms of organization, rap also adapts to these changes. The writer compares the professionalization of artists and battles to the industrialization of the city of São Bernardo do Campo and Posse Hausa, a black organization founded in the 1990s, focused on the Hip-Hop movement, whose majority of the members were workers in the ABC industry Paulista.

With the 2017 labor reform, by then President Michel Temer (MDB-SP), Felipe Choco explains that the social dynamics have also changed within the Hip-Hop culture. “Today, the organizers of the Battle of the Matrix are part of the service sector, without stability and without social protection. Therefore, the financial solution, among the organizers, was the professionalization of the event. This applies to the whole culture. ”

The main example used by the author of these social and economic transformations in rap is Emicida’s career. Coming from the Battle of Santa Cruz, disputed south of São Paulo, the rapper emerged using the main method of rhyming duels: the punchlines – in Portuguese, punch lines, used to impress the listener.

After the success, the rapper created his own musical label: Laboratório Fantasma. “Emicida created a horizon to organize its own career, without having to go through the distributors’ screen. In other words, it is the democratization of music production, distribution and consumption ”, said Choco, who recalls that the book’s presentation is signed by the MC.

Aesthetics of entrepreneurial overcoming

Based on the phenomenon achieved by Emicida, the social scientist points to the creation of a new aesthetic within rap: that of entrepreneurial overcoming. According to him, this aspect allows creative freedom and financial autonomy, creating a style of business organization.

“This overcoming does not mean denying the culture’s past, but advancing in the market sense, creating a mark around the artist”, he explained. The author quotes a statement by Mano Brown, a member of Racionais, where the rapper points out that the phonographic market is no longer just the commercialization of music, but also the image and positioning of MCs.

This aesthetic creates a new notion of work and organization, according to the author. “If we make a parallel with the industrial market, in the 1990s, work was in opposition to capital, where the organization of the workforce sought its valorization. Now, in the face of informality and the imposition that ‘each one is an entrepreneur of their own’, artists become their own business capital ”, he reiterates.

However, this entrepreneurial resilience does not only involve rappers and new independent labels, but also affects the battles of MCs, including the Matrix. With the rise of streaming platforms such as YouTube, duels have become more digital, have reached new audiences and created a new market.

“The Battle of the Matrix is ​​a product of that condition that battles have become. Before the pandemic, every Tuesday, she mobilized 1,000 people in the square. Battles play a fundamental role in mutations and reinventions of culture, as was the case with punchline, taking a new breath in how to make and organize rap. These changes that occur in rap did not come out of nowhere, they are the result of social transformations ”, concludes Felipe.

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