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Economy

recovery path will be long; will require strong state

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São Paulo – Re-elected last week with 97.7% of the votes, in the first virtual election of the entity, the president of the ABC Metalworkers Union, Wagner Santana, is realistic about the state of the economy. He considers it reasonable to estimate that the production volume of 2018-19 will be reached in two or three years. If the scenario is more favorable, perhaps in the second half of next year it will reach 80% of last year’s activity.

In other crises, he recalls, there was a situation of idleness that fluctuated between 20% and 30% of the installed capacity. Today, it is 50% to 60%. This situation requires workers to resort to alternatives to protect themselves, such as suspension of contracts, lay-off, a measure that now reaches a good part of the ABC base and the industry as a whole. In a second moment, “I think it tends to grow slowly and then it will recover”.

For this, there is a fundamental factor, adds Wagnão, as it is better known: the presence of the State. Without that, there is no point in changing government, as is now being asked. “We need a new alignment, which points to the fact that the State is in fact the great factor of the economic recovery”, he says.

“Fora Bolsonaro” is not enough

Therefore, he makes a certain reservation to the fronts that are formed against the government. “If you change the government to maintain the policy, it won’t do any good. Of those who support the ‘Bolsonaro out’, some are the same ones who supported this government, saying that they no longer support his insults, but I don’t see any criticizing economic policy. What has to change is politics. ”

Thus, observes Wagnão, it would be of no use, for example, to remove Jair Bolsonaro and place the vice-president, Hamilton Mourão. The difference would be, perhaps, in the language, but only. “Him (Mourão) commits less insults than the president, but the logic of political and economic thinking is the same: the market being the great master of what the economy will do in Brazil, no matter if it has a huge social cost, like what we are going through ”, He says.

The current government is neither neoliberal, believes the metallurgical leader. It would be beyond that. “I usually say that he is anarcho-liberal, it is the absurdity of liberalism. But it reflects a lack of concern with sectors of the economy, lack of concern with those who employ and those who are employed, a government that believes that the market will provide a solution for the solution of this crisis. ”

So-called markets are more concerned with going where the wind blows, or where there is more opportunity to return in less time. “If they realize – and are already noticing – that there is no stimulus on the part of the government to the economy, they go elsewhere, which would only increase our agony”, says Wagnão.

Priority is life

But, in this moment of economic, political and health crises, the concern is different, highlights the unionist. “The priority is always life,” he says. “It is to guarantee sanitary conditions, the protection of workers. This is the priority, without neglecting the economic issue. The role of the union has been to debate agreements. And the main clause, which we value most, is about the health conditions to which workers will be exposed. Second, provide job security, to give families peace of mind. ”

For him, the government was more concerned with large conglomerates, large companies, leaving small and medium companies in the background. “Therefore, we are seeing the difficulty of accessing credit measures that, with a lot of resistance from the government, were approved. And the lack of job protection. You remember that the first proposal was to cut the salary in half. And even excluding the elements of protection, which are the unions. This is the broth of this evil soup. We have to reverse this situation if we want to get out of this crisis less badly, and with less time. ”

It would be an opportunity, for example, to debate industrial policy, recalls Wagnão. But “the government is saying that it does not want to discuss sectoral policies. At this time, it is necessary for the State to be the major investor in the economy, investing in housing, in infrastructure ”, he adds.

He assesses that the country first experienced a “late effect” of the 2008 global crisis. A process that was “contaminated”, he assesses, by the 2014 electoral process. “Since then, we have seen a pact from the media, from the elites, in order to deliver a blow. Therefore, they deepened the effects of the crisis, bet on it. They destroyed the country’s economy to strike a political coup ”, he criticizes.

We need to increase spending

Thus, he emphasizes the need to change the course of economic policy. The current government “has a certain craving for the fiscal deficit,” he notes. And then he stops taking measures, like increasing spending – like someone who invests and even gets into debt to build a house, for example. “With the economy it is the same. You need to increase your deficit, you need to produce money. We have deflation. That (investment) will make people buy, produce, will make money circulate.

In this sense, Wagnão assesses that the fronts that are outlined send messages that are sometimes contradictory, scattered. “It is not enough to say that it is a broad front for democracy. Democracy is access to citizenship, health, education. Democratize the living conditions that the State offers to its population. If democracy is just changing a president, but it does not discuss miserability, increased inequality, concentration of income, this is not defending democracy. This is just a political party flight, which does not interest workers. ”

Deliveries and insecurity

Wagnão remembers the recent offensives to make work precarious. And it highlights the strike of delivered applications, which occurred this Wednesday (1st). “It was sold as entrepreneurship. Today, it is clear that it is the precariousness of work. And that’s what they want to do with formal work, too. It is the labor reform that was sold to generate employment and did not generate, the pension reform, measures that point to the opposite of everything we are talking about, which increase exploitation, precarious work, which increases the income of those who most they can. ”

This also requires changes in the unions, which had been, for example, presenting proposals for the issue of so-called industry 4.0, trying to discuss the future. “The union movement also has to adapt to the new work relationships, the new conditions”, says Wagnão, citing the home office.

It was an alternative that proved to be efficient for the moment, he notes, but also pointed out worrying aspects. “Most are stressed, with a digital overdose, with information, with hours that go beyond eight hours a day, and the responsibility of taking care of the house, and generating a series of diseases that must be analyzed according to the quality of this job. In addition to expenses. And isolation is depressing. We are now on account of the need for the pandemic, but what about the future? ”, He asks.

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Economy

Union denounces the death of 20 teachers by covid-19 after back to school in SP

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São Paulo – The Union of Teachers of Official Education of the State of São Paulo (Apeoesp) held a demonstration today (4) denouncing the death of at least 20 teachers by covid-19 since the beginning of the return to school in the state of São Paulo Paulo. The entity also accounts for 1,861 confirmed cases of covid-19 in 850 schools. The protest took place in front of the State Department of Education of the government of João Doria (PSDB), after a motorcade through the streets of the capital of São Paulo. In addition to honoring these teachers, the act also called for an immediate suspension of classes until the new coronavirus pandemic is controlled in the state.

The demonstration began in the Masp free space, on Avenida Paulista. From there, the teachers went to the State Department of Education, at Praça da República. “It is unacceptable what the Doria government has been doing with teachers. Without closing schools, keeping thousands of teachers and staff and millions of students circulating every day, many in public transport, Doria and her Education Secretary reveal themselves as they are: enemies of life ”, said the president of Apeoesp and state deputy, Professor Bebel.

The Doria government has not released records of confirmed and suspected covid-19 cases in schools for two weeks. Much less if there was a death by covid-19 of teachers, students or other education workers. In the only balance sheet released on February 16, there were 741 confirmed cases and 1,133 suspected cases.

Folly

Although it claims that back to school amid the covid-19 pandemic is safe, the Doria government has restricted access to the Education Information and Monitoring System for Covid-19. With that, the governor leaves the assessment of the resumption of activities without any transparency. Only one server from each school can be registered and access the system, both to notify suspected or confirmed cases of the disease at school, and to monitor the general situation of the pandemic in the public school system.

The Secretary of State for Health of São Paulo, Jean Gorinchteyn, defended, on Tuesday (2), the closure of schools across the state due to the worsening of the pandemic of covid-19. He admitted that the increase in the circulation of people promoted by the return to school has contributed to the worsening of the transmission of the new coronavirus in recent weeks, as teachers and health experts have always said it would happen. Today, São Paulo has 17,802, with 9,910 in the ward and 7,892 in the ICU, the largest number in the entire pandemic.

“If we understand that people are threatened
against the virus, against the collapse (of the health system), we have to reevaluate
situations that could be avoided. One of them is the situation of the school. THE
The problem is not the school, but the movement of people. Teachers, students, parents
who take and bring their children. Even in public transport, the exposure that the
we end up putting people. At this point, it is worth noting that this
question of not having classes, ”said Gorinchteyn, in an interview with CBN radio.

Restrictions

In addition to the case records and the denunciation of the death of these teachers by covid-19, Apeoesp also highlights data from the Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual (HSPE) that shows the exhaustion of intensive care units (ICU) after returning to school. According to the internal bulletin of the HSPE, on Monday (1), the ICU occupancy for patients with covid-19 in the hospital is 95%. In wards, the occupation is 73%.

Yesterday, Doria announced that the entire state will enter the red quarantine phase for two weeks, starting on Saturday (6), due to the worsening of the covid-19 pandemic in São Paulo. However, he decided to keep the schools open. “Despite the restriction measures, state schools will continue to open their doors at the worst moment of the pandemic”, criticized Bebel, who guaranteed the continuation of the teachers’ strike, which started on February 8.

Teachers killed by covid-19 in São Paulo, according to a survey by Apeoesp:

Maria Inês Silva Frozel
Eda Balle Pulpato
Antonio Cesar Pereira
Cinthia Aparecida
Rodrigo Andrade
Regina Aparecida dos Santos Tomaz
Maria Soeiro
Maria Tereza Miguel Couto
Marcelo Shiroma
Antonio Cesar Pereira
Antônio Cesar Zenetti
Adriano Moraes
Ana Clara Macedo dos Santos
Paulo Henrique Camargo
Deolinda Scotti
Amauri Nicoletti
Guilherme Augusto de Oliveira Rebello
Luciani Andrade Serrão
Eliana Ferreira Boni
Luiz Roberto Oliveira

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