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Economy

Post-pandemic scenario requires welfare state, not austerity

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São Paulo – “The central challenges of economic policy in the post-pandemic are the construction of welfare states, the strengthening of productive development and the implementation of policies to promote environmental sustainability”, says the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean ( ECLAC). In a report (read the Spanish version here), the entity states that “austerity policies are not the appropriate answer to the fiscal and monetary challenges that are faced”.

In your Economic Study of Latin America and the Caribbean 2020, ECLAC analyzes the economic effects of the pandemic in the region and recommends coping policies. The entity’s executive secretary, Alicia Bárcena, noted that the process of recovery of activity will be slower than in the period of the global crisis unleashed from the United States in 2007-2008.

Extreme poverty: setback

The Commission estimates the region’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) retraction at 9.1% this year. “As a result, at the end of 2020 the level of GDP per capita would be the same as in 2010, that is, there would be a 10-year setback with a sharp increase in inequality and poverty”, points out the report. Before the start of the pandemic, there were 158 million informal workers in the region, corresponding to more than half (54%) of the employed.

The entity also plans to close 2.7 million formal companies in 2020. And unemployment would reach 44 million people. Eighteen million more people over the previous year, the biggest increase since the global crisis of 12 years ago.

Poverty, on the other hand, would return to 2005 levels, affecting 231 million people. In turn, the setback in extreme poverty would be 30 years, reaching 96 million people.

Structural transformation

“In this scenario, active macroeconomic policies will be needed to resume growth and promote a structural transformation agenda,” says Alicia. She talks about strengthening public revenues and maintaining “conventional and unconventional expansionist monetary policies”. And he recalls that “international cooperation is fundamental”.

“Countries must direct public spending towards reactivation and economic transformation, strengthening public investment in sectors that foster employment, gender parity, social inclusion, productive transformation and an equal transition towards environmental sustainability”, he adds ECLAC’s executive secretary. Another challenge is to maintain “an active fiscal policy in a context of greater indebtedness”.

Countries in the region need to increase tax collection, which corresponds to 23.1% of GDP, on average, compared to 34.3% for the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). “For this, it is necessary to combat tax evasion and avoidance, which reach 6.1% of the regional GDP”, points to ECLAC.

The study shows that, in the first quarter, GDP fell in nine of the 20 economies in Latin America (including Brazil) and decelerated in eight. The contraction was 1.53% compared to the same period in 2019. The entity notes that the effects of the pandemic began to be felt in mid-March.

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Economy

Union denounces the death of 20 teachers by covid-19 after back to school in SP

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São Paulo – The Union of Teachers of Official Education of the State of São Paulo (Apeoesp) held a demonstration today (4) denouncing the death of at least 20 teachers by covid-19 since the beginning of the return to school in the state of São Paulo Paulo. The entity also accounts for 1,861 confirmed cases of covid-19 in 850 schools. The protest took place in front of the State Department of Education of the government of João Doria (PSDB), after a motorcade through the streets of the capital of São Paulo. In addition to honoring these teachers, the act also called for an immediate suspension of classes until the new coronavirus pandemic is controlled in the state.

The demonstration began in the Masp free space, on Avenida Paulista. From there, the teachers went to the State Department of Education, at Praça da República. “It is unacceptable what the Doria government has been doing with teachers. Without closing schools, keeping thousands of teachers and staff and millions of students circulating every day, many in public transport, Doria and her Education Secretary reveal themselves as they are: enemies of life ”, said the president of Apeoesp and state deputy, Professor Bebel.

The Doria government has not released records of confirmed and suspected covid-19 cases in schools for two weeks. Much less if there was a death by covid-19 of teachers, students or other education workers. In the only balance sheet released on February 16, there were 741 confirmed cases and 1,133 suspected cases.

Folly

Although it claims that back to school amid the covid-19 pandemic is safe, the Doria government has restricted access to the Education Information and Monitoring System for Covid-19. With that, the governor leaves the assessment of the resumption of activities without any transparency. Only one server from each school can be registered and access the system, both to notify suspected or confirmed cases of the disease at school, and to monitor the general situation of the pandemic in the public school system.

The Secretary of State for Health of São Paulo, Jean Gorinchteyn, defended, on Tuesday (2), the closure of schools across the state due to the worsening of the pandemic of covid-19. He admitted that the increase in the circulation of people promoted by the return to school has contributed to the worsening of the transmission of the new coronavirus in recent weeks, as teachers and health experts have always said it would happen. Today, São Paulo has 17,802, with 9,910 in the ward and 7,892 in the ICU, the largest number in the entire pandemic.

“If we understand that people are threatened
against the virus, against the collapse (of the health system), we have to reevaluate
situations that could be avoided. One of them is the situation of the school. THE
The problem is not the school, but the movement of people. Teachers, students, parents
who take and bring their children. Even in public transport, the exposure that the
we end up putting people. At this point, it is worth noting that this
question of not having classes, ”said Gorinchteyn, in an interview with CBN radio.

Restrictions

In addition to the case records and the denunciation of the death of these teachers by covid-19, Apeoesp also highlights data from the Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual (HSPE) that shows the exhaustion of intensive care units (ICU) after returning to school. According to the internal bulletin of the HSPE, on Monday (1), the ICU occupancy for patients with covid-19 in the hospital is 95%. In wards, the occupation is 73%.

Yesterday, Doria announced that the entire state will enter the red quarantine phase for two weeks, starting on Saturday (6), due to the worsening of the covid-19 pandemic in São Paulo. However, he decided to keep the schools open. “Despite the restriction measures, state schools will continue to open their doors at the worst moment of the pandemic”, criticized Bebel, who guaranteed the continuation of the teachers’ strike, which started on February 8.

Teachers killed by covid-19 in São Paulo, according to a survey by Apeoesp:

Maria Inês Silva Frozel
Eda Balle Pulpato
Antonio Cesar Pereira
Cinthia Aparecida
Rodrigo Andrade
Regina Aparecida dos Santos Tomaz
Maria Soeiro
Maria Tereza Miguel Couto
Marcelo Shiroma
Antonio Cesar Pereira
Antônio Cesar Zenetti
Adriano Moraes
Ana Clara Macedo dos Santos
Paulo Henrique Camargo
Deolinda Scotti
Amauri Nicoletti
Guilherme Augusto de Oliveira Rebello
Luciani Andrade Serrão
Eliana Ferreira Boni
Luiz Roberto Oliveira

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