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Parliamentarians want laws to protect app deliverers

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São Paulo – The application handlers held last Wednesday (1st) the first national strike of the category, for better working conditions. A second stoppage was scheduled for July 25, a Saturday, when demand for food delivery services is greatest. At the same time, parliamentarians introduced bills to guarantee social protection for these workers.

Among the main demands are the increase in the minimum value of deliveries and payments received per kilometer traveled. Deliverers also want an end to unjustified blockages on platforms.

The most comprehensive project is by Senator Jaques Wagner (PT-BA), who intends to create a law to protect workers from private individual transport applications. The Bill of Law (PL) 3,570 / 2020 provides for a minimum hourly rate, security equipment available to companies and the possibility of unemployment insurance.

The proposal also includes the right of association, unionization and cooperativism, in addition to health plans, food aid, transport assistance, unemployment insurance, life and accident insurance, which would be negotiated collectively.

For Wagner, the relationship between delivery people and applications is similar to slave labor. “Many drivers, cyclists and motorcyclists are feeling exploited. We need to be aware of these legal void phenomena and, through intense negotiations, prevent these workers from continuing to be weakened during the pandemic ”, defends the senator in the presentation of the project.

Chamber

Federal deputies Márcio Jerry (PCdoB-MA), Bira do Pindaré (PSB-MA), José Airton Félix Cirilo (PT-CE) and Eduardo Bismarck (PDT-CE) also presented proposals that include part of the deliverers’ claims.

In the same vein, PL 3,577 / 2020, by deputy Márcio Jerry, includes application deliverers at CLT. According to the proposal, the worker is linked to the company if he has worked at least 40 hours per month, in the last three months. Or for 40 hours a month for at least nine months, over the course of a year. As a result, once the link is proven, the company must take out life, damage and theft insurance at no cost to the worker.

It should also ensure food, drinking water and rest space with a bathroom, as well as personal protective equipment (PPE). In addition, the contractor must guarantee the leave of absence for health reasons, with remuneration equivalent to the average of the amounts received by him in the previous three months.

The proposal also provides that any termination of the employee by the application operating company, without reason, must be communicated to him at least ten days in advance.

Jerry criticized the “uberization” of the labor market. According to the parliamentarian, application companies sell the illusion of a work model that would transform partners into entrepreneurs, with flexible hours and immediate financial return. “The reality is quite different. There is no concern for the health and safety of workers in this precarious world, ”he said.

Matching

Likewise, Deputy Bira do Pindaré’s PL 3,597 / 20 equates the application delivery person with the worker directly hired by the service provider. The project foresees an annual readjustment of the delivery fee for delivery personnel, and the use of the scoring system is prohibited. This rate should correspond to the annual minimum wage, divided by hours.

The proposal also included the distribution of PPE, in addition to financial assistance to couriers who were away due to an accident or due to suspicion or contamination by the new coronavirus. “We seek to correct the serious distortion caused by uberization, which forces the worker to be an independent professional, without being able to be,” said the parliamentarian.

PPE

Less comprehensive, PL 3,594 / 2020, by deputy José Airton Félix Cirilo, makes the distribution of PPE mandatory to protect workers from contamination by covid-19. Materials must be supplied by companies or workers will be reimbursed when purchasing them on their own, for example.

Bikes

PL 3,599 / 2020, by deputy Eduardo Bismarck, regulates the delivery of goods with the use of bicycles. First, the text states that the service can only be provided by persons over 18 years of age. The amount received cannot be less than a minimum wage. It also establishes minimum equipment to be used on the bicycle and by the cyclist.

The employer must provide a bell, rear view mirror, cell phone holder for the bicycle and helmet. That is, this equipment will be returned when the worker stops providing services to the respective company. The thermal bag must also be provided free of charge by companies. Today, delivery personnel have to buy this equipment. According to the project, the bag should be attached to the bicycle, instead of being carried on the back, as it is today.

On the other hand, the proposal also limits the cyclist’s working hours to ten hours a day, leaving the application company to control this journey through the digital platform. The company must also provide physical space for the professional to rest, observing a maximum distance of three kilometers between one rest area and another and being able to share these places with other companies.

Presidential veto

In addition, parliamentarians are also articulating to overturn President Jair Bolsonaro’s veto to a section of Law 14,010, of 2020, which created an emergency legal regime during the pandemic. Amendment suggested by Senator Fabiano Contarato (Rede-ES) and approved by deputies and senators envisaged a reduction of at least 15% in the amount retained by driver companies for transportation applications, taxi services and application delivery.

With information from Senate Agency and Agência Câmara.

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Economy

‘Hypocrite’, Bolsonaro at UN blames victims of agribusiness and mining

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São Paulo – The “hypocritical” speech with which President Jair Bolsonaro opened, this Tuesday (22), the 75th United Nations General Assembly (UN), seems to have been made to the internal public of Brazil, its voters. And not for other heads of state and external actors, as expected at the UN ”. The opinion is of Professor Miriam Gomes Saraiva, from the Department of International Relations of the State University of Rio de Janeiro (Uerj). “It looks like a speech to then take a piece and put it on a blog. For external effects, the impact is very bad, because, with regard to the environment and the pandemic, any head of government needs to ask its ambassador in Brazil. ”

For the teacher, Bolsonaro’s “hypocritical” speech at the UN is “disconcerting”. “It is difficult to even talk about it, because it is shocking. The military, in the past, tried to talk about the development of the Amazon, with Transamazônica, Zona Franca, a series of items that, although predatory, are even pointed out as development. But, Bolsonaro, not even that defends. He simply lies. It does not defend anything whatsoever. ”

Pandemic

In his speech, the head of state of the largest country in South America stated: “As happened in much of the world, a portion of the Brazilian press also politicized the virus (which causes covid-19), spreading panic among the population, under the motto ‘stay home and see the economy later’ ”. According to him, “they almost brought social chaos to the country”.

Indifferent to the environmental tragedy that befalls the Amazon and the Pantanal, Bolsonaro said that forest fires occur “where the caboclo and the indigenous people burn their gardens in search of their survival”, and that in Mato Grosso the cause is the “high temperature”.

He also said that the emergency aid paid in Brazil to the neediest in the context of the pandemic is one thousand dollars. The benefit amount, R $ 600, in today’s values, does not reach 110 dollars, and the last four installments, of R $ 300, will be R $ 55.

“The speech reveals a cold and persistent liar. It is an extremely unfair, aggressive speech that blames the victims of invasions (indigenous lands) and covers up the guilt of those responsible for the attacks on native peoples, their rights, their ways of existence, the environment and forests in Brazil, says Cleber Buzatto, deputy secretary of the Indian Missionary Council (Cimi). “We absolutely repudiate this disastrous attempt by President Bolsonaro to hold the original peoples responsible for what they are being victims of, the interests of agribusiness and mining, which he tries to protect,” he adds.

Economic causes

The only alternative for countries that care about the environment
environment, human and indigenous rights is to stop buying
products of mineral and agricultural origin from Brazil, believes Buzatto. “While
there is demand there will be violence and aggression on the part of these sectors and protection
them by the Bolsonaro government. ”

In the opinion of Gilberto Maringoni, professor of International Relations at the Federal University of ABC (UFABC), in his second appearance at the UN General Assembly, Bolsonaro expressed himself in a more moderate tone than in 2019. Last year, he still represented a novelty on the international scene, a scenario in which President Donald “Trump was surfing in popularity”.

In 2019, Bolsonaro stated that he took over a country “on the verge of socialism” and made reference to the Mais Médicos program. He cited the program implemented in Dilma Rousseff’s first term as “an agreement between the PT government and the Cuban dictatorship”. For Maringoni, in view of Trump’s likely defeat to Joe Biden in the American elections, Bolsonaro adopted a more moderate speech.

Bolsonaro’s “hypocritical” side at the UN was also exposed when mentioning the trade agreement between Mercosur and the European Union (EU) and with the European Free Trade Association. “These agreements have important clauses that reinforce our commitments to environmental protection,” he said. In reality, the deal is in check in Europe precisely because of the environmental “policy” of his government in Brazil.

European pressure

Social pressures against the agreement are increasing in Europe. On Friday (18), the French government strongly spoke against the trade agreement between the EU and Mercosur. The agreement has not yet been ratified, due to serious environmental problems in the countries of the South American bloc, Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay. Last year, with Decree No. 10,084, the president released sugarcane planting in the Amazon, the Pantanal and the Upper Paraguay Basin. Read the decree here.

But Bolsonaro continues to try to capitalize on the deal that has not yet been finalized, which is of more interest to European capitalism than, for example, to the industry of South American countries. “Most likely, he will continue to repeat this, that he managed to sign the agreement. It is possible that it will be ratified at some point, including after the end of the Bolsonaro government, ”says Miriam Gomes Saraiva.

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