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Pandemic increases teachers’ mental health risks

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São Paulo – The new coronavirus pandemic has amplified the challenges for all education professionals. But the new dynamics of work overloaded and further impaired the mental health of black teachers, who live in peripheral regions and who teach in elementary school. This is what preliminary data from the Network of Educators in Struggle released this week, which celebrates Teachers’ Day, point out.

The collective is responsible for Psychological Support Platform for Education Professionals, created in the midst of the health and economic crisis. In order to dialogue with the category and understand how teachers were going through this moment, the network built this channel that connects teachers with volunteer psychologists and psychologists.

A first assessment of the platform, however, showed that, among the 269 services initially provided in 17 Brazilian states, 90% of them were women. Mostly black, educators in elementary education and residents of peripheral regions. The data also indicate that the city of São Paulo concentrated 70% of all demand.

Common factors

A member of the collective and one of those responsible for the platform, professor and sociologist Gabriel Teixeira also reveals that, among the database, not only the profile, but the stories of education professionals are also repeated.

“It is the teacher who in the middle of the pandemic found herself with a significant decrease in income, who has to reconcile, in addition to the second and third working hours, working at home, taking care of her child who is out of daycare, preparing food, cleaning home and shopping. As mediators, the information that comes to us shows that the profile of psychic illness is not directly related to covid-19, but with other dynamics that are intensified due to social isolation ”, comments the professor in an interview with Glauco Faria , at the Current Brazil Newspaper.

And countless

During the pandemic, educators began to deal with wage reductions, threats of unemployment, an increase in the working day and even the possibility of returning to face-to-face classes even in the middle of the pandemic.

The woman who is a teacher, according to Teixeira, also did not escape gender-based violence, aggravated by confinement. Like living with an alcoholic relative, or with domestic violence itself, reinforcing the factors that affect mental health are numerous.

“Not to mention that, suddenly, we had to translate that class aimed at face-to-face contexts into remote modalities. Often those on the other side see that 20, 30 minute video and think it was a simple thing to do. But the teacher stayed three hours to conduct something succinct, which is not boring for his students. We take a while to produce this, which translates into work overload ”, adds the professor and sociologist.

The role of the State

The extent of the impacts of the pandemic on the mental health of Brazilian teachers, however, can be even greater. Right after the first five hours of disclosure of the platform, registrations had to be canceled because the number of registered workers was already exceeding the total number of volunteer psychologists. In all, 352 educators signed up across the country.

The objective of the Network of Educators in Struggle is to make new services possible. But also in the medium term “to have a discussion to show that this cannot be in the hands of groups with goodwill”, observes Teixeira.

“This has to be a state policy. Public health equipment, especially mental health, must be strengthened. These people have to rely on SUS to access services like this. The platform is an immediate service, we would like this to be something public, of quality, available to all Brazilians, ”says the professor and sociologist.

Check out the interview

Writing: Clara Assunção. Edition: Glauco Faria

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Economy

11 million Bolivians will have free vaccine against covid

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São Paulo – Former Bolivian President Evo Morales commented, this Wednesday (21st), the importance of youth in the electoral process that led Luis Arce, from the Movement to Socialism (MAS), to victory in the presidential election of October 18 . “Young people saw what it is like to live under the right and the dictatorship. And they reflected on how we were with our revolution and how we were under the coup, ”he said. Evo was overthrown by a coup in November 2019 that brought lawyer and TV presenter Jeanine Áñez to the presidency. With 90% of the official count completed. at 3:40 pm on this Wednesday (21st), Luis Arce approaches 55% of the valid votes. “What was at stake on October 18 was to go back to the past with the privatists or continue to the future with the nationalists,” said Evo Morales in an interview with Breno Altman (watch below).

Asked how the country will recover from the economic crisis aggravated by the coronavirus pandemic, he replied that it will be with the presence of the state. The Bolivian guaranteed that Bolivia will normalize relations with China, Cuba, “some European countries” and Russia. “Those who once asked for market, market, market, now say State, State State, in the face of the pandemic.”

Vaccine against covid-19

“We are going to face the pandemic. When we have the vaccine, we will distribute it to all 11 million Bolivians for free. ” According to him, tackling the pandemic and the crisis will be done through joint work between the federal government, governors and mayors.

In Brazil, President Jair Bolsonaro not only boycotts health policies, but goes further. On Wednesday, he forbade the country to buy the Chinese vaccine CoronaVac, which would have 46 million doses through negotiations with the state of São Paulo announced the day before by the Minister of Health, Eduardo Pazuello. “I don’t give up my authority”, justified the Brazilian’s head of state.

South America

About neighbors in South America, Evo Morales highlighted the “profound ideological and programmatic difference” between MAS and the president of Chile, Sebastián Piñera, from Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, and the former Argentine president Mauricio Macri. But it was diplomatic. “Whether it is left or right, we must work together respecting our differences. South Americans cannot be isolated, ”he said.

Morales acknowledged that he may have been mistaken as president. “I was wrong, but I am a human being,” he said. “Now we have experience in public management, and we are going to take Bolivia forward, united, organized.” He affirmed that the new government will make “a pact of union between the parties of the right, businessmen and workers, a great national agreement, to raise the economy”, adding: “The moment is to consolidate our process of change, democracy does not end on election day ”.

Evo has been in Argentina since December 2019, where he went into exile after the coup in the country. He said that the return to his country still has no forecast. In an interview with BBC Brazil, the president-elect was not positive about the possible participation of the ex-president in the new government. “If Evo Morales wants to help us, he will be very welcome. But that does not mean that Morales will be in the government. It will be my government, ”he said.

Check out Evo Morales interview with Breno Altman

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