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On Server Day, Dieese disputes data and entities reject administrative reform

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São Paulo – On the Day of the Server, celebrated today (28), civil servants carry out acts all over the country (check it out below). At the same time, they repudiate the Proposed Amendment to the Constitution (PEC) 32, of administrative “reform”. And they contest data that usually circulates about alleged “excessive” costs with functionalism. Dieese, for example, contested a publication made by the National Confederation of Industry (CNI).

“Quite different from the discourse of the media and the government, the number of civil servants in relation to the Brazilian population is below that seen in many developed countries”, says Dieese in another document, analyzing the reform proposal. The institute recalls that more than half (57%) of civil servants are concentrated in the range of up to four. In municipal employees, this participation rises to 73%.

Recycled speech

In addition, the discourse is not even new: the “argument” that the reform is necessary for growth is repeated. This also happened, for example, with Constitutional Amendment 95 (spending cap) and with labor and social security “reforms”. “As seen and felt by the Brazilian people, none of these measures had any strength to boost the country’s growth,” says Dieese.

Thus, these reforms represent a “dispute over public resources” and weaken the state and its redistributive power, adds the institute. “The objective is to reduce the size of the State, not so that it is more agile, but so that the private sector profits from activities that were previously public. The result of this market-oriented model is low growth, economic instability, increasing the State’s difficulty in developing strategic policies for the country, the expansion of poverty and the concentration of income. ”

Distortion and “gross error”

Regarding the CNI document that includes Brazil among the seventh country with the highest expenditure on functionalism, Dieese identifies a “distorted” analysis. And he recalls that the base cited by the employer, of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), only mentions active employees, excluding retirees. is limited to active civil servants, not including retirees. A “gross error”, points out the institute, adding that the lack of standardization by the IMF distorts comparisons.

The civil service entities claim that the number of civil servants represents 12.5% ​​of the total number of workers in the country. In the average of the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), this percentage is 21.1%. Regarding the proportion of the population, public servants account for 5.6%, also below the OECD (9.6%).

Higher spending on banks

In 2018, there were approximately 10.5 million civil servants (or exactly 10,496,607, according to the Annual List of Social Information, Rais), a number that has remained stable. Just over half (53.1%) are in the municipal area, while 29.1% are concentrated in state employees. With just over 1 million, the federal public sector does not reach 10%.

“All the studies that attribute to the civil servant the biggest budget expenditures still disregard a crucial data that involves the interest payments on the Brazilian public debt”, says, in turn, the Confederation of Workers in the Federal Public Service (Condsef) . “Every year we pay billions and billions more to banks for not receiving anything in return. (…) Citizen Debt Audit has denounced this system for years, which in 2019 alone consumed almost 40% of the entire public budget (38.27%) “. adds the entity.

Truths and lies

Condsef and Fenadsef, the national federation of the sector, carry out a campaign on social networks with “truths and lies” about functionalism. “Such maxims misinform society and are widely used by the government and repeated also by the mainstream media. This generates in the population, mainly the one that most depends on public services, the mistaken impression that reforms made to weaken and worsen the service, opening the field for privatizations, are necessary. ”

Thus, on Wednesday, the entities perform acts, lives and caravans in several cities. “Thousands of civil servants will seek dialogue with society and show that the dismantling of public services is an attack on the rights of the population guaranteed by our Constitution. The attack that civil servants and public employees have been suffering in recent years is fueled precisely by those who benefit from privatizations: big businessmen, bankers and ultra-liberal politicians. The public crisis is not to blame for the public service. ”

Check out some of these acts for Server Day, which were or will be performed.

Federal District
Concentration at 9 am in the Server Space, in the Esplanada dos Ministérios. From there, protest at the Ministry of Economy

Sao Paulo
At 1:30 pm, at Praça do Patriarca, central region

Rio de Janeiro
At 16h, in Candelária

Rio Grande do Sul
At 2 pm, in front of the Porto Alegre city hall

Maranhao
Live from 16h to 18h by Sindsep-MA networks

For
At 9am, in front of São Brás market, in Belém

Mato Grosso
At 2:30 pm, Cuiabá-Várzea Grande motorcade leaving the Assembly

Mato Grosso do Sul
In Campo Grande, several unions perform a performance for the Day of the Server

Minas Gerais
Social toll in several points of Belo Horizonte. And leafleting in the center

Ceara
At 9am, act in front of the IRS

Amapá
Entities promote live

Goias
At 9 am, a motorcade with concentration next to the Padre Pelágio Terminal, in Goiânia. At 19h, live on the Goiano Forum page on Facebook

Rondônia
At 5 pm (Brasília time), live with economist Max Leno de Almeida, from the Dieese subsection at Condsef / Fenadsef,

State
At 7 am, leafleting at Recife Central Station. At 2:30 pm, symbolic act on Guararapes Avenue

Santa Catarina
At 10:30 am activities in front of the Metropolitan Cathedral, in Florianópolis. At 17h, act in Praça da Bandeira, in Joinville

Bahia
At 9 am, at Praça da Piedade, in Salvador

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Economy

more unemployment and more informality

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São Paulo – Government, businessmen and some parliamentarians were in tune with the defense of the bill that, if approved, would lead to the creation of Law 13,467 in 2017. The so-called labor reform, after all, would lead to the creation of millions of jobs. This would happen to the extent that it would end the rigidity of the legislation, which they treated as being “plastered”, facilitating hiring and giving the much-needed “modernization” to the Brazilian labor market.

Because the law completed three years on November 11 “and nobody celebrated, not even timidly”, recalls analyst Marcos Verlaine, from the Inter-Union Department of Parliamentary Advisory (Diap). “Among the expectations generated by the authors, the government of that time, the businessmen, who sponsored, defended and acted strongly in Congress to approve it, the media and reality, remained the harsh reality”, he says, in an article. He defines the measure passed by Congress as a “capital Trojan horse” to implode labor rights.

Collective bargaining?

The insistent defense of the “negotiated over the legislature”, a recurring expression at the time, was not to privilege negotiation, notes the analyst. “It was to remove rights, since the negotiations – both CCT (ccollective labor agreements) and ACT (collective labor agreements) – they never prevented, on the contrary, that the conventions surpass the CLT, nor that the agreements surpass the conventions. ”

The “millions” of jobs did not come, even before the pandemic. The growth in occupation was basically due to informal work. In 2016, the year before the “reform”, the country had 10.1 million unpaid employees in the private sector and 22.4 million self-employed workers. Last year, they were 11.6 million and 24.2 million, respectively (check table). The data are from the National Household Sample Survey (Pnad) Continua, from IBGE.

Modernization or precariousness?

Employment with a wallet fell. And the Gini index at work, which measures inequality, which until 2015 fell, rose again the following year and has not stopped.

The “reform” introduced hiring modalities, such as intermittent work. They were also presented as items of the necessary “modernization”, but union members and researchers identify them as additional signs of precariousness in the market. Although still small, the participation of the intermittent modality has been growing.

This week, the Federal Supreme Court (STF) began to judge direct actions of unconstitutionality against intermittent work. In his vote, the rapporteur, Minister Edson Fachin, considered the item unconstitutional and causing damage to workers’ health. But his colleagues Kassio Nunes Marques and Alexandre Moraes were in favor of the sport. The trial was interrupted by a request for view from Minister Rosa Weber.

If it is impossible to revoke the law in its entirety, Verlaine suggests specific changes, citing intermittent hiring. “It is necessary to negotiate with all political and social actors in order to bring about changes in this scorched earth scenario” he argues.

read more: ‘Labor Reform’: Stories of a False Promise and Changes in ‘Endless Destruction’

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