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Economy

No strategy for economic recovery crawled in 2020, centrals say

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São Paulo – The economy has crawled in the absence of a growth strategy. The finding is from the country’s trade union centrals, in the balance sheet for the year and prospects for 2021. A scenario that has increased insecurity for workers. And with a health crisis adding “dramatic contours, amplified by the absurd practices of the Bolsonaro government”.

Among the initiatives of the union and social movements, the centrals cite the campaign for an allowance to face the consequences of the economic downturn. This “created a political field that made possible” the approval of an emergency aid of R $ 600, which by government action fell to R $ 300 from September until this month. Union members campaigned for the extension and voting of the provisional emergency aid measure, but the text was not the vote.

“We mobilize political debates and initiatives, we seek to promote social dialogue, we invest in unity and institutional articulation”, add the leaders. They cite the realization of “an unprecedented, bold and unitary act” of May 1st.

Resistance

In addition, the unions acted “in a vigorous manner, and within the framework of health protocols, to carry out wage campaigns, renew collective agreements and conventions, protect jobs, wages and rights”, according to data from Dieese. “They made efforts to support companies to resist in the face of the paralysis of the productive activity and supported government measures of subsidy and credit.”

For 2021, they conclude, it will be essential for the country to seek a consistent strategy for resuming economic growth. And that, says the note, combats all forms of social inequality, generates good jobs, increases wages, maintains and expands labor rights. “The challenge will be to combine social policies with the innovative recovery of the capacity for public and private investment in social and economic infrastructure. Valuing and strengthening the role of the State, companies and the public service ”, affirm the exchanges.

Check the full note of exchanges

In January, we were already looking at 2020 with the certainty that it would be a difficult year. Because unemployment was already high and was slowly decreasing with the generation of precarious jobs. But it was worse. The economy crawled in the absence of a strategy to resume growth. Poverty, misery, inequality and violence have grown in the country. Scenario that resulted in insecurity and insecurity for workers and attack on union organization.

2020 comes to an end, with the health crisis bringing dramatic adversity to all this adversity. Amplified by the absurd practices of the Bolsonaro government, which first denied and then minimized the gravity of Covid-19; ridiculed public officials who struggled to fight the virus; it weakened and prevented national coordination of public protection and coping policies; created obstacles to measures to protect income and jobs; acted against the protocols of distance and social isolation, the use of a mask and the application of tests. Faced with the crisis, and despite this government, the union, social and political movements acted and resisted.

In February, when the new Coronavirus pandemic was confirmed, the Union Centers moved forward in their articulations to face the health crisis. On March 18, National Day of Struggles, we launched the document “Measures to protect life, health, employment and the income of male and female workers”, in which we presented 38 proposals to face the multiple dimensions of the health crisis.

Special budget

The Centrals proposed to the presidents of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate the creation of a special budget to face the economic downturn due to the need for social isolation, and an Emergency Allowance, corresponding to the value of the basic basket calculated by Dieese (1/2 minimum wage), for all workers who did not have the protection of wages and unemployment insurance.

The mobilization of the union movement, the popular movement and society, coupled with the work of parliamentarians and local government officials, created a political field that enabled the approval of an Emergency Aid of R $ 600.00, which protected about 67 million people. We proposed rules for the extension and acted to effect the extension.

It was also through our struggle that we managed to block the Provisional Measure sent by President Bolsonaro that suspended employment contracts without paying wages. We proposed the contribution of Treasury resources to pay the wages of workers who were forced to remain in isolation or who had their productive activity suspended or reduced. Almost 10 million were benefited.

We mobilize political debates and initiatives, seek to promote social dialogue, invest in unity and institutional articulation. An example of this was the realization of an unprecedented, daring and unitary virtual act of 1º de Maio. With broad political participation and the presence of ex-presidents of the Republic, in addition to party leaders and social movements and organizations, with visualization and popular participation in the millions.

In collective negotiations in various sectors, with proposals and pressure on governments, the union movement fought and acted in a unitary manner to face this very serious crisis that already puts more than 30 million (almost 1/3 of the PEA) in unemployment, discouragement or inactivity.

Solidarity campaigns

Faced with this situation of central misgovernment, the union movement made its structure available to government officials and public managers to help fight the pandemic.. THEas well as solidarity campaigns and support for the most vulnerable, with the union bases.

We look for governors, mayors, regardless of party colors, and businessmen to create and implement measures of distancing and social isolation, protocols for safety at work, for commuting on public transport. Çwith special attention to health professionals and support for SUS.

We created the #BrasilPelaDemocraciaePelaVida Campaign with two hundred entities, defending the Democratic Rule of Law, respecting the Constitution and protecting institutions from the constant threats and attacks of the Bolsonaro government.

The Union Centers support the Frente pela Vida, the Basic Income Campaign. We are together in the Campaign in defense of the SUS and in numerous other initiatives to combat racial, gender, sexual and religious discrimination.

Even in the face of the severe economic crisis and insecurity, the unions acted vigorously, and within the framework of health protocols, to carry out wage campaigns, renew collective agreements and conventions, protect jobs, wages and rights, as indicated by data from the Negotiation Balance produced by DIEESE. They made efforts to support companies to resist in the face of the paralysis of productive activity and supported government measures of subsidy and credit.

Centrals and Emergency Aid

The trade union movement will fight for Emergency Aid to be extended as long as the pandemic lasts. It will propose that the National Congress expand and strengthen the articulation of social protection programs, including income, as we have done throughout 2020. This must be done to face food insecurity in the face of a lack of income and an increase in the cost of living, a situation that will worsen in the coming months with the rise in food and electricity prices.

Right now, we demand that the country have a national vaccination plan, with the maximum speed and available to all, free of charge, by SUS, ain addition to encouraging and reinforcing all care to reduce the increase in contagion and deaths.

It will be essential to fight for the country to have a consistent strategy for the resumption of economic growth that combats all forms of social inequality, generates good jobs, increases wages, maintains and expands labor rights. The challenge will be to combine social policies with the innovative recovery of the capacity for public and private investment in social and economic infrastructure. Valuing and strengthening the role of the State, companies and the public service.

We will continue to work so that unionism is able to renew itself and respond to changes in the world of work, with representativeness, valuing collective bargaining and agile solutions to conflicts. A struggle unionism, with proposals and a great deal of willingness to negotiate, from the workplace, in all sectors and categories. THEas well as with governments and parliaments, in particular with elected mayors.

National project

The nation faces the challenge of articulating the social forces of the productive system – workers and employers –, from the political field – party leaders, parliamentarians and government officials -, non-governmental organizations and social movements to build a national development project. State, in this project, where the nation wants to go (objectives, goals and strategies). AND mobilize the collective effort necessary to build it, pointing out what we will do now. For this country to be sovereign in its integration with the world, fair in the distribution of income and wealth, innovative and virtuous in increasing productivity and environmentally sustainable.

There are many concerns and, before them, the certainty that we will have to fight hard, together, to take the destiny of the nation in our hands. Mobilize, propose and negotiate with the purpose of defending the interests of male and female workers, mediated by the collective interest of the nation. And with the objective of building a fair, solidary, egalitarian and sovereign country. May 2021 come. We are ready for the fight!

Sérgio Nobre, president of CUT

Miguel Torres, president of Força Sindical

Ricardo Patah, president of UGT

Adilson Araújo, president of CTB

José Calixto Ramos, president of NCST

Antônio Neto, president of CSB

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Economy

Argentina extends border closure with Brazil

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Opera Mundi – Argentina decided on Sunday (28) to extend the deadline for closing air and land borders with Brazil until March 12, extending the previous decree that determined that they should reopen as of this Monday (1st) ).

Argentine health authorities considered it necessary to maintain the blockade at the borders and a 50% reduction in flights between the two countries.

The country is also closed to foreigners from other neighboring countries and the United Kingdom. Only Argentineans or residents can enter.

According to the Minister of Health, Carla Vizzotti, the measure is taken “in a preventive manner until knowledge about the new Brazilian variant of the virus deepens”.

Brazil has been experiencing the worst moment of the covid-19 pandemic in recent weeks. The moving average of deaths in the last seven days broke a new record and reached 1,180. With 50,840 new diagnoses registered in one day, the number of cases in the country is already over 10.5 million.

Vaccination in Argentina

While seeing its neighbor in the worst scenario of the pandemic, Argentina is advancing in vaccination against covid-19. There are already more than 903 thousand doses applied.

This week, the Argentine laboratory Richmond announced a partnership with the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) to start producing the Sputnik V vaccine nationwide.

On the night of last Friday (26), Argentina received 96 thousand doses of the Sinopharm vaccine against covid-19. According to the Minister of Health, these doses have already started to be distributed on Saturday.

* With Sputnik

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