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Nigerian production stands out at the São Paulo International Film Festival awards

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São Paulo – The 44th São Paulo International Film Festival officially ended last night (4). Prizes and honors were distributed for this special edition, held online due to the covid-19 pandemic. There were 198 films from 71 countries in two weeks shown by streaming platform for the whole of Brazil.

The good news for those who missed the event, or missed any title of interest, is that the so-called recap has already started. Most of the films, 130 of them, remain available until Sunday (8). It is an opportunity for those who were unable to see the works during the show and also to check out the winners. The exhibitions continue on the Mostra Play platform.

The closing ceremony took place in the external area of ​​the Ibirapuera Auditorium, in São Paulo, for a few attendees who followed social isolation protocols. After the closing ceremony, the most recent feature by Dane Thomas Vinterberg (The Hunt) was shown, Another Round, which has a brilliant performance by Mads Mikkelsen.

Two Humanity awards were distributed; one for the American documentary filmmaker Frederick Wiseman and another for the employees of the Cinemateca Brasileira, who resist the dismantling attempts promoted by the government of Jair Bolsonaro. The Leon Cakoff Award was also given to Sara Silveira.

Awarded

The International Jury prizes were distributed in four categories. The members of a selected collegiate chose among the films best rated by the audience, who were able to rate the works at the end of each session.

International Jury

  • Best Fiction: Eyimofe (This Is My Wish), by Arie Esiri and Chuko Esiri (Nigeria)
  • Best Documentary: 17 courts, by Davy Rothbart (USA)
  • Honorable mention: Chico Rei Among Us, by Joyce Prado (Brazil)
  • Honorable Mention: Thiessa Woinbackk, best actress for Valentina (Brazil)

The public vote is taken into account directly for the distribution of four other prizes. Chico Rei Among Us he was remembered again for his necessary and well-told story about the consequences of slavery in Brazilian black lives. The excellent There Is No EvilMohammad Rasoulof (Iran) has also won criticism by telling stories about how the death penalty can dehumanize executors, as well as making an ode to resistance.

Public

  • Best Brazilian Documentary: Chico Rei Among Us, by Joyce Prado (Brazil)
  • Best Brazilian Fiction Film: Valentina, by Cássio Pereira dos Santos (Brazil)
  • Best International Documentary: Welcome to Chechenya, by David France (USA)
  • Best International Fiction Film: There Is No Evil, by Mohammad Rasoulof (Iran, Germany, Czech Republic)

Another session that distributed two awards is that of specialized criticism. Among the winners, the film Mosquito, by João Nuno Pinto (Portugal). The film also enchanted audiences with a sensitive and surreal war story, sympathetically described as “Apocalypse Now Portuguese ”, in reference to the 1979 film by Francis Ford Coppola, based on Joseph Conrad’s 1902 book Heart of Darkness, about the horror and madness that war inspires.

Review

  • Best International Film: Mosquito, by João Nuno Pinto (Portugal, Brazil, France)
  • Best Brazilian Film: Glauber, Claro, by César Meneghetti (Brazil)

Two more awards were also distributed for this edition of the São Paulo International Film Festival. The Projeto Paradiso 2021 Award is a grant for screenwriters in the development phase. The winner was Guilherme Coelho’s Neuros project. The Brazilian Association of Film Critics (Abraccine) also traditionally awards a prize to the best Brazilian film by a new director. The winner was Ecstasy, by Moara Passoni (Brazil).

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Economy

more unemployment and more informality

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São Paulo – Government, businessmen and some parliamentarians were in tune with the defense of the bill that, if approved, would lead to the creation of Law 13,467 in 2017. The so-called labor reform, after all, would lead to the creation of millions of jobs. This would happen to the extent that it would end the rigidity of the legislation, which they treated as being “plastered”, facilitating hiring and giving the much-needed “modernization” to the Brazilian labor market.

Because the law completed three years on November 11 “and nobody celebrated, not even timidly”, recalls analyst Marcos Verlaine, from the Inter-Union Department of Parliamentary Advisory (Diap). “Among the expectations generated by the authors, the government of that time, the businessmen, who sponsored, defended and acted strongly in Congress to approve it, the media and reality, remained the harsh reality”, he says, in an article. He defines the measure passed by Congress as a “capital Trojan horse” to implode labor rights.

Collective bargaining?

The insistent defense of the “negotiated over the legislature”, a recurring expression at the time, was not to privilege negotiation, notes the analyst. “It was to remove rights, since the negotiations – both CCT (ccollective labor agreements) and ACT (collective labor agreements) – they never prevented, on the contrary, that the conventions surpass the CLT, nor that the agreements surpass the conventions. ”

The “millions” of jobs did not come, even before the pandemic. The growth in occupation was basically due to informal work. In 2016, the year before the “reform”, the country had 10.1 million unpaid employees in the private sector and 22.4 million self-employed workers. Last year, they were 11.6 million and 24.2 million, respectively (check table). The data are from the National Household Sample Survey (Pnad) Continua, from IBGE.

Modernization or precariousness?

Employment with a wallet fell. And the Gini index at work, which measures inequality, which until 2015 fell, rose again the following year and has not stopped.

The “reform” introduced hiring modalities, such as intermittent work. They were also presented as items of the necessary “modernization”, but union members and researchers identify them as additional signs of precariousness in the market. Although still small, the participation of the intermittent modality has been growing.

This week, the Federal Supreme Court (STF) began to judge direct actions of unconstitutionality against intermittent work. In his vote, the rapporteur, Minister Edson Fachin, considered the item unconstitutional and causing damage to workers’ health. But his colleagues Kassio Nunes Marques and Alexandre Moraes were in favor of the sport. The trial was interrupted by a request for view from Minister Rosa Weber.

If it is impossible to revoke the law in its entirety, Verlaine suggests specific changes, citing intermittent hiring. “It is necessary to negotiate with all political and social actors in order to bring about changes in this scorched earth scenario” he argues.

read more: ‘Labor Reform’: Stories of a False Promise and Changes in ‘Endless Destruction’

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