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National Education Council approves remote education by the end of 2021

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São Paulo – The National Council of Education (CNE) approved this Tuesday (6th) the validity of remote education until December 2021. The resolution applies to all levels of education: from basic to higher, public and private. Educational institutions that choose to remain at distance learning will also be responsible for stipulating the workload of activities.

For entities linked to education, without planning, the gap between students with greater and lesser social conditions should increase. Since most low-income students do not have access to computers and an internet connection.

In addition, the evaluation methods in this modality are imprecise. Another factor is that living in the school environment is fundamental for the development of the training of students as citizens.

For the president of the Union of Education Professionals in Municipal Education of São Paulo (Sinpeem), Claudio Fonseca, it is not possible to put the lives of students, teachers, employees and family members at risk. But virtual tools are not a substitute for face-to-face classes.

“In the case of the city of São Paulo, for example, if 3.5 million students are on the move, we could have a new wave (of contamination)”, said Fonseca in an interview with reporter Larissa Bohrer, for the Current Brazil Newspaper this Thursday (8).

Uneven access

According to the general secretary of the Union of Teachers of Official Education of the State of São Paulo (Apeoesp), Leandro Alves Oliveira, the pandemic opened up social and educational inequalities in the country. “We know that less than 30% of students were able to participate in remote classes. Often families have a cell phone, which all members use ”.

On the other hand, this period also highlighted the importance of the school environment and education professionals. “The formation of the citizen takes place through the interaction of the students themselves with the teachers and employees, with the cooks. All that universe that only exists at school. ”

Evaluation

According to the professor at the University of Brasília (UnB), Catarina de Almeida Santos, a member of the National Campaign for the Right to Education, despite the efforts of teachers, remote education does not maintain the same quality. In addition, there is no compliance to assess learning.

“The networks are making evaluation processes in the most diverse ways possible. It has a teaching system that considers the student’s frequency on the platform or the number of tasks answered. None of this defines that there was quality in education, ”he said.

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Copywriting: Tiago Pereira – Edition: Helder Lima

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Economy

more unemployment and more informality

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São Paulo – Government, businessmen and some parliamentarians were in tune with the defense of the bill that, if approved, would lead to the creation of Law 13,467 in 2017. The so-called labor reform, after all, would lead to the creation of millions of jobs. This would happen to the extent that it would end the rigidity of the legislation, which they treated as being “plastered”, facilitating hiring and giving the much-needed “modernization” to the Brazilian labor market.

Because the law completed three years on November 11 “and nobody celebrated, not even timidly”, recalls analyst Marcos Verlaine, from the Inter-Union Department of Parliamentary Advisory (Diap). “Among the expectations generated by the authors, the government of that time, the businessmen, who sponsored, defended and acted strongly in Congress to approve it, the media and reality, remained the harsh reality”, he says, in an article. He defines the measure passed by Congress as a “capital Trojan horse” to implode labor rights.

Collective bargaining?

The insistent defense of the “negotiated over the legislature”, a recurring expression at the time, was not to privilege negotiation, notes the analyst. “It was to remove rights, since the negotiations – both CCT (ccollective labor agreements) and ACT (collective labor agreements) – they never prevented, on the contrary, that the conventions surpass the CLT, nor that the agreements surpass the conventions. ”

The “millions” of jobs did not come, even before the pandemic. The growth in occupation was basically due to informal work. In 2016, the year before the “reform”, the country had 10.1 million unpaid employees in the private sector and 22.4 million self-employed workers. Last year, they were 11.6 million and 24.2 million, respectively (check table). The data are from the National Household Sample Survey (Pnad) Continua, from IBGE.

Modernization or precariousness?

Employment with a wallet fell. And the Gini index at work, which measures inequality, which until 2015 fell, rose again the following year and has not stopped.

The “reform” introduced hiring modalities, such as intermittent work. They were also presented as items of the necessary “modernization”, but union members and researchers identify them as additional signs of precariousness in the market. Although still small, the participation of the intermittent modality has been growing.

This week, the Federal Supreme Court (STF) began to judge direct actions of unconstitutionality against intermittent work. In his vote, the rapporteur, Minister Edson Fachin, considered the item unconstitutional and causing damage to workers’ health. But his colleagues Kassio Nunes Marques and Alexandre Moraes were in favor of the sport. The trial was interrupted by a request for view from Minister Rosa Weber.

If it is impossible to revoke the law in its entirety, Verlaine suggests specific changes, citing intermittent hiring. “It is necessary to negotiate with all political and social actors in order to bring about changes in this scorched earth scenario” he argues.

read more: ‘Labor Reform’: Stories of a False Promise and Changes in ‘Endless Destruction’

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