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Economy

MEC determines return to face-to-face classes at federal universities starting in January

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São Paulo – The Ministry of Education (MEC), through an ordinance published on Wednesday (2) in the Federal Official Gazette, determined the return to face-to-face classes at federal educational institutions as of January 4. The document establishes that a “biosafety protocol” must be adopted by the teaching units.

The measure has received criticism from specialists in the field of education. “In addition to running over higher education institutions that spent months inventing ways to keep working and fighting the pandemic, the ordinance subordinates the continuity of remote education in institutions to the determinations of local authorities on classroom classes”, points out the scientist, educator and professor at the University ABC Federal Executive Fernando Cássio, on his Twitter profile.

“The MEC ordered the opening and threw the responsibility of conditioning the opening into the lap of the city halls. Now it is up to federal universities and institutes to fight to preserve their autonomy. If the schools refused, the IFES should do the same ”, points out Cássio.

Also on the social network, the president of the National Students Union (UNE), Iago Montalvão, spoke out against the determination. “There is no possibility of returning to face-to-face classes at universities without a transition plan. Thousands of people circulate on a campus from dozens of regions and municipalities, daily, susceptible to contamination ”, he observes.

“Unlike other activities, especially economic ones, universities have managed to maintain some level of functioning, albeit outdated, but they have not stopped their activities. That is why the MEC’s ​​position in publishing this decree is irresponsible and wrong! ”, Concludes the UNE president.

Increase in covid-19 cases in Brazil

The ordinance is published at a time when the country is experiencing an increase in the number of cases of covid-19. There were almost 51,000 registered cases of the disease in the last 24-hour period, according to data from the National Council of Health Secretaries, Conass. In the state of São Paulo, there are 10,114 people hospitalized for the treatment of covid-19, the highest number since September 17, when there were 10,222 people hospitalized, 5,951 in the ward and 4,271 in the ICU.

“While the United Kingdom is already preparing for vaccination against COVID-19, in Brazil, in which not even tests were distributed to the people, the MEC issued a decree to return to classes at universities, attacking university autonomy and ignoring the 2nd wave of the pandemic! Great irresponsibility! ”, Published Congresswoman Fernanda Melchionna (Psol-RS).

“The Bolsonaro government turns a blind eye to the rise in the moving average of cases, which rose 35% in two weeks. Meanwhile, tests bought with your money continue to win in a warehouse, ”criticizes federal deputy José Guimarães (PT-CE).

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Economy

Oil workers strike in six states against abuses and privatizations

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São Paulo – Oil tankers from Amazonas, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco and São Paulo started a strike this Friday (5). In addition, oil tankers from Bahia have also resumed the strike, after the failure of negotiations with Petrobras management. Another seven unions in the category are holding assemblies in the coming days to decide whether they will also join the strike.

In addition to the sliced ​​privatization of Petrobras subsidiaries, workers complain about worsening working conditions. They claim that bullying has become a “management tool”, used by the company’s management to pressure workers.

In addition to a policy to combat moral harassment, oil tankers also want an end to shift folds and extended working hours with the strike that broke out. They also demand the implementation of the collective bargaining agreement specifically for workers who work 12 hours a day.

According to the Single Federation of Oil Workers (FUP-CUT), workers are exhausted, “physically and psychologically”. The organization says there is no dialogue with the unions. On the other hand, the managements of Petrobras units subject the category to exhaustive hours and multifunctions, whether in face-to-face or remote work. In addition, the FUP also denounces compulsory transfers of workers and non-compliance with the Collective Agreement.

According to the federation, the current strike by oil tankers is “in defense of life, jobs and rights”. “We cannot admit that thousands of workers have their lives turned upside down, without the Petrobras management even accepting to negotiate alternatives proposed by the category. All this in the midst of the covid-19 pandemic, which is advancing on oil tankers, with hundreds of workers contaminated weekly due to the incompetence and negligence of the Castello Branco management, ”said the FUP, in a note.

Brazil

In Bahia, in addition to labor issues, oil tankers are also protesting the privatization of the Landulpho Alves Refinery (Rlam). They had gone on strike on 17 February. But the strike was suspended the next day, when Petrobras announced its intention to negotiate.

Last month, Rlam was sold to Mubadala Capital, Abhu Dhabi’s investment fund, for $ 1.65 billion. But, according to the Institute for Strategic Studies of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (Ineep), the refinery was sold for less than 50% of its value. According to calculations by the institute, Rlam’s market value would be between US $ 3 and US $ 4 billion.

Mobilization

In São Paulo, oil tankers from the Mauá (Recap) and Paulínia (Replan) refineries crossed their arms this morning. They protest the dismantling of Petrobras and the impacts of privatization on workers. In Espírito Santo, onshore oil tankers, in São Mateus, joined the strike. At the Manaus Refinery (Reman), with reduced headcount, workers complain that they are exposed to the daily risks of accidents and contamination by covid-19. In Bahia, the union denounces the presence of a strong police apparatus on the outskirts of Rlam.

“Fair price” fuels

This Thursday (4), the oil tankers participated in the demonstrations called by the centrals in favor of employment, vaccination for all and emergency aid of RS 600. In partnership with CUT and social movements, Petrobras workers sold “fair price” fuels in nine states. Taxi drivers, drivers and application deliverers were able to purchase gasoline for R $ 3.50 a liter. In Salvador, truck drivers were also able to refuel by paying R $ 3.09 per liter of diesel.

Fuel discounts served to protest the International Price Parity (PPI) policy, which has been adopted by Petrobras since 2016. In other words, linked to the value of a barrel of oil in the market, coupled with the devaluation of the real in the last period, the fuel prices have exploded. As a result of this policy, gasoline registered an accumulated increase of 41.5%, only in 2021. In diesel, the increase reaches 34.1%.

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