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Maria Augusta Ramos film portrays a history of solidarity in Caixa

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São Paulo – A strike, 110 dismissed unfairly. These workers, unemployed for a year and 13 days, could have been left with no money. But not in 1991. Not among bank employees at Caixa Econômica Federal. The solidarity of another 35,000 public bank employees allowed those dismissed by the then government of Fernando Collor de Mello to survive and continue to fight the threat of privatization. This solidarity story is in the new documentary by filmmaker Maria Augusta Ramos. Don’t Touch My Companion will be launched on digital platforms this Wednesday (15th) for Brazil and the world.

“Launching the film in the pandemic is crazy,” says Maria Augusta – director of The process (2018, about the impeachment against Dilma Rousseff). “It is always good to be able to show the film in the cinema, with an audience, people interacting. But I am happy to have digital platforms. ”

Guta points out that the film is being released at a time when, despite a pandemic that has already killed more than 70,000 people in Brazil alone, Economy Minister Paulo Guedes insists on expressing “this terrible desire” to privatize Caixa, privatize public companies. “It’s the type of shock doctrine,” notes the filmmaker. “When society is completely paralyzed, living in mourning,‘ pass the cattle ’. Guedes is trying to do this: to pass the privatization cattle. This is the moment. And it’s good that we have the possibility to show the film on digital platforms and promote debates live. ”

Don’t Touch My Companion, made in six months, is a coproduction of Nofoco Filmes and the National Federation of Caixa Employees Associations (Fenae). The work is licensed by Canal Brasil. Guta says she had never heard of this “incredible” history of bank employees, until she was sought by Fenae.

Kitty 0.3% of salary

“Who told me was Jair Ferreira (then president of the entity) and Gioconda Bretas (communication superintendent at Fenae). I thought it was amazing! You have to portray people to know about it. And everyone who finds out is surprised. ”

For more than a year, more than half of the bank’s employees – which had around 60,000 employees at the time – authorized the discount of 0.3% of their salaries to compensate the dismissed workers, while a lawsuit was filed in court.

“Caixa was able to discount the payroll and Fenae passed on donations,” says Jair Ferreira, one of the employees dismissed by the bank for participating in the strike, even though he was a union delegate at the Londrina agency. Altogether there were 50 from São Paulo, 30 from Minas Gerais and 30 from Paraná.

reproduction

“We had a finance committee for the dismissed and stayed at Fenae. We set up a payroll with paycheck and everything. And with the rubrics that each had on active duty. We did the calculations as if we were working. As soon as Caixa transferred the discounted amounts from the bankers they authorized, we credited the accounts to the 110, ”recalls Jair, proudly.

Collor and Bolsonaro

The history of bank employees at Caixa Econômica Federal is based on the category’s strike in 1991. The president of the Republic was Fernando Collor de Mello. His attempt to implement a neoliberal policy, with devaluation and consequent privatization of public companies, goes directly back to the current days of the Jair Bolsonaro government. Collor was impeached in 1992. He tried to resign, before the process was concluded, so as not to lose political rights.

Ana Paula Amorim / Press Release

“The similarity between Collor and Bolsonaro is very clear”, says Maria Augusta Ramos. “And when Fenae invited me to make this film and I started listening to the stories, they told me this incredible story of solidarity and the struggle of Caixa employees at the time, the strength of the bankers’ union at the time, and all that movement that they created to defend and get the readmission of the dismissed, I immediately thought that it would be important to bring this experience and memory from Collor’s time, this history of solidarity, to the present times ”, he explains.

The filmmaker points out that the
film talks about labor relations, cuts in workers’ rights. “All
a neoliberal economic policy that is being adopted again. ”

Therefore, for her, it was important not only to speak of the past in the film, but of the present, in the light of what was lived. “And also to reflect on the present, the present, on this desire to privatize public banks, on the loss of workers’ rights, on the uberization of work, on the mentality of the worker who is now promoted to this neoliberal mentality that the worker is an entrepreneur of himself. This desire to speak about these two moments was almost immediate. ”

Two times

Dozens of these dismissed bank workers
at the time, they met to talk about what they lived and about Brazil today. Guta
also brings to the film young Caixa employees who interact with this story
that many did not know. “In fact, very few people know this story of
solidarity ”, he says.

For the filmmaker, there is a
very big difference between the times. “I do not know sincerely and many of them
ask if today, if that same story had happened, if workers
they would be capable of the same solidarity. I don’t think so, given this change in relations
of work, in the mentality of the worker, which has been happening for years with these
neoliberal proposals. And not only in Brazil, but in the world everyone sees it. That
consequence of what we are experiencing now. ”

The story of solidarity touched Maria Augusta Ramos. “The strength of the movement. Not only that: they keep fighting. Employees support through 0.3% of each salary. This is incredible. As they were bankers, they were able to make a whole strategy and do those bills very well to pay the salaries of all those dismissed, the arrears, so that they would continue to fight, in making other Caixa employees aware of what would really happen, of that the board wanted, demystifying a series of fake news”, Reports.

“Interesting to see
this old material that I use in the film, these files, you see Collor’s speech,
so similar to Bolsonaro’s speech. Practically the same. And at the same time you
you see those advertisements, and with the distance that time gives us, you see the ridiculous
that speech. ”

Commotion and anguish

Yes, at the time they already existed
fake news. Public servants were portrayed as if they were all Maharajas.
“All of this is a kind of fake news that Collor propagated to be able to demonize
public sectors and public companies, which is what we are seeing now ”,
compares Guta.

And the commercial press too
repeated the role it has today. “The mainstream press always defends this
kind of economic proposal, like you’re doing now. And it will come to nothing, because
this is not the solution, it has already been shown that this is not the solution. The economy is going
to the bottom and it will not be the privatization of public companies that will
solve. On the contrary, it will certainly aggravate the situation, ”he says.

Guta highlights the “ideological issue”
that permeates that political situation. “That manipulation, through criminalization
of public servants calling them maharajas, a band of corrupt people. This all
people saw. There was a demonization of public sectors that the mainstream media simply
let it happen or even participated in some way. ”

And this whole story, which moved the filmmaker so much, at the same time caused anguish. “I think it is a film that moves us by history and anguishes us,” says Maria Augusta Ramos, for whom these acts of promoting individualism through neoliberal thinking make it very difficult for that mobilization to repeat itself in the world of work. The idea of ​​the film is to rescue these values. And to promote a reflection on the potential of solidarity in people’s lives.

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Economy

Argentine President contaminated by covid-19 and fulfills isolation

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São Paulo – The president of Argentina, Alberto Fernández, informed on social media that he tested positive for covid-19, after showing symptoms of the disease. He said he is in isolation and has warned people with whom he has had contact in the past 48 hours. And he also reported that he had 37.3ºC of fever, in addition to feeling a slight headache.

The announcement was made this Saturday (3), the day after Fernández turned 62. “For everyone’s information, I am physically well and, although I wanted to end my birthday without this news, I am also in a good mood,” said the president.

He received the first dose of the vaccine (Sputnik) in January. The second, the following month. “I’m fine, I don’t have any symptoms. Only this fever from yesterday that I reported ”, he declared to the newspaper Clarín. “It is a very complicated virus, and the demonstration is that I got infected, even though I was vaccinated with both doses and with extreme care,” he added.

Former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who received the second dose of the vaccine today, sent a message of support to “Daqui do Brasil I send good energy, hoping for its prompt recovery. May soon overcome this disease to continue caring for the Argentine people. Hugs, mate! ”He wrote.

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