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Lula congratulates Bolivian people, ‘who restored their democracy’

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São Paulo – Former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva celebrated the victory of the Movement for Socialism (MAS) candidate, Luis Arce Catacora, as the new president of Bolivia. On Twitter, he congratulated the Bolivian people, “who restored their democracy” and also congratulated Arce and ex-president Evo Morales, “who after a difficult year can see the popular vote respected”.

From Argentina, where he has been asylum since December 2019, Evo classified the Arce victory as a “historic, unprecedented and unique triumph in the world”. “A year after the coup, we regained political power democratically, with the conscience and patience of the people,” he said on Twitter.

Also on Sunday (18), when the results of the exit polls indicated Arce’s victory in the first round, the ex-president called on his country’s leaders to reach a major national agreement to lift the country out of the crisis.

“We must put aside differences, sectoral and regional interests in order to achieve a great national agreement with political parties, businessmen, workers and the State. Together, we will build a country without grudges and that will never resort to revenge, ”said Evo.

Historic

In 2019, then-president Evo Morales had been re-elected to office, but resigned after a wave of violence that took over the country. The opposition’s demonstrations were ignited by a report by the Organization of American States (OAS) that pointed to an alleged fraud in the count. The hypothesis has already been ruled out by independent studies, but it contributed to the cancellation of the election in November.

In the past 12 months, Bolivia has been led by an interim government, led by former self-declared senator and president Jeanine Áñez. She broke her promise to call elections in the first half of the year and used covid-19 as a justification for postponing the election three times. A representative of the Bolivian radical right, Áñez launched himself as a candidate for the presidency, but gave up in September “so as not to divide the opposition”.

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Economy

more unemployment and more informality

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São Paulo – Government, businessmen and some parliamentarians were in tune with the defense of the bill that, if approved, would lead to the creation of Law 13,467 in 2017. The so-called labor reform, after all, would lead to the creation of millions of jobs. This would happen to the extent that it would end the rigidity of the legislation, which they treated as being “plastered”, facilitating hiring and giving the much-needed “modernization” to the Brazilian labor market.

Because the law completed three years on November 11 “and nobody celebrated, not even timidly”, recalls analyst Marcos Verlaine, from the Inter-Union Department of Parliamentary Advisory (Diap). “Among the expectations generated by the authors, the government of that time, the businessmen, who sponsored, defended and acted strongly in Congress to approve it, the media and reality, remained the harsh reality”, he says, in an article. He defines the measure passed by Congress as a “capital Trojan horse” to implode labor rights.

Collective bargaining?

The insistent defense of the “negotiated over the legislature”, a recurring expression at the time, was not to privilege negotiation, notes the analyst. “It was to remove rights, since the negotiations – both CCT (ccollective labor agreements) and ACT (collective labor agreements) – they never prevented, on the contrary, that the conventions surpass the CLT, nor that the agreements surpass the conventions. ”

The “millions” of jobs did not come, even before the pandemic. The growth in occupation was basically due to informal work. In 2016, the year before the “reform”, the country had 10.1 million unpaid employees in the private sector and 22.4 million self-employed workers. Last year, they were 11.6 million and 24.2 million, respectively (check table). The data are from the National Household Sample Survey (Pnad) Continua, from IBGE.

Modernization or precariousness?

Employment with a wallet fell. And the Gini index at work, which measures inequality, which until 2015 fell, rose again the following year and has not stopped.

The “reform” introduced hiring modalities, such as intermittent work. They were also presented as items of the necessary “modernization”, but union members and researchers identify them as additional signs of precariousness in the market. Although still small, the participation of the intermittent modality has been growing.

This week, the Federal Supreme Court (STF) began to judge direct actions of unconstitutionality against intermittent work. In his vote, the rapporteur, Minister Edson Fachin, considered the item unconstitutional and causing damage to workers’ health. But his colleagues Kassio Nunes Marques and Alexandre Moraes were in favor of the sport. The trial was interrupted by a request for view from Minister Rosa Weber.

If it is impossible to revoke the law in its entirety, Verlaine suggests specific changes, citing intermittent hiring. “It is necessary to negotiate with all political and social actors in order to bring about changes in this scorched earth scenario” he argues.

read more: ‘Labor Reform’: Stories of a False Promise and Changes in ‘Endless Destruction’

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