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Intermittent work does not reduce unemployment and lower income, says Dieese



São Paulo – The new Dieese bulletin, released on Monday (14), shows that intermittent work has not created new jobs, nor has it reduced unemployment. To make matters worse, a good part of these contracts resulted in an income below the minimum wage.

The mode of intermittent work was created by the Michel Temer government (MDB) labor “reform”, characterized by the absence of fixed hours, without the provision of minimum days or hours of work. For the technical director of Dieese Fausto Augusto Junior, the study noted the negative points for the workers included in this regime.

Dieese’s bulletin recalls that supporters of the reform claimed that intermittent contracts could generate millions of new jobs. However, at the end of 2018, there were 62,000 intermittent active links. In 2019, 168 thousand more intermittent contracts were contracted, of which 121 thousand lasted at least until the end of the year. Data up to October 2020, on the other hand, indicate 210,000 intermittent bonds, which corresponds to 0.44% of the total formal bonds.

“The information related to 2019 employment shows that, as in 2018, many of the contracts spent a good part of the year shelved, that is, they generated little or no work and income, and the income generated was very low”, points out the bulletin from Dieese.

Without income

Among the jobs admitted in 2019, 22% had no income. In other words, one in five intermittent contracts did not generate any type of remuneration for the worker. This result was worse than that registered in 2018, when 11% of the bonds had no income.

Fausto recalls that intermittent work is born to occupy specific points of production, but passes a lot of insecurity to those who occupy it. “This type of intermittent contract sold as a new type of contract, which would generate many jobs, showed that it does not do this and still creates a lot of financial instability, becoming a decoy for the worker”, he says, in the participation of Dieese in the Current Brazil Newspaper.

The specialist says that the modality encourages job insecurity. “The intermittent contract was inspired by England’s zero hour contract, which does not guarantee a fixed working day. In some ways, this is the institutionalization and legalization of ‘beak,’ ”he adds.

According to the bulletin, for every three months of work, intermittent bonds were left in the drawer for another three months. At the end of 2019, the average monthly remuneration paid for each intermittent job was R $ 637 – counting the months after admission, whether worked or not, equivalent to approximately 64% of the official minimum wage. There was a worsening in relation to the previous year: in 2018, the average remuneration of intermittent bonds corresponded to 80% of that year’s minimum wage.

STF judges intermittent work

The Federal Supreme Court (STF) debates the validity of the intermittent employment contract. On December 3, the judgment on the matter was suspended at the request of Minister Rosa Weber, at a time when the score was two votes in favor and one against this type of contract.

Ministers Nunes Marques and Alexandre de Moraes voted for the constitutionality of intermittent work, while Minister Edson Fachin voted against it. The STF is judging three unconstitutionality actions against the intermittent contract and there is no time limit for the trial to be resumed.

In his vote, Fachin said that the intermittent system brings “unpredictability” by not setting a minimum wage provision for workers. “With the situation of intermittence, unpredictability is installed on an essential element of the formal labor relationship, that is, the remuneration for the provision of services”, said the minister.

Fausto endorses the need for the debate on the trial, since the unconstitutionality of intermittent work can curb other “evils” planned by the Minister of Economy, Paulo Guedes. “One of Guedes’ current defenses is the implementation of the hourly contract, that is, breaking up all forms of hiring per hour. This is quite serious. Since 2017, there has been a movement to make contracts and labor rights more flexible, attacking income and hours. They want to precarious and take away the financial security of the worker. ”

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Union denounces the death of 20 teachers by covid-19 after back to school in SP




São Paulo – The Union of Teachers of Official Education of the State of São Paulo (Apeoesp) held a demonstration today (4) denouncing the death of at least 20 teachers by covid-19 since the beginning of the return to school in the state of São Paulo Paulo. The entity also accounts for 1,861 confirmed cases of covid-19 in 850 schools. The protest took place in front of the State Department of Education of the government of João Doria (PSDB), after a motorcade through the streets of the capital of São Paulo. In addition to honoring these teachers, the act also called for an immediate suspension of classes until the new coronavirus pandemic is controlled in the state.

The demonstration began in the Masp free space, on Avenida Paulista. From there, the teachers went to the State Department of Education, at Praça da República. “It is unacceptable what the Doria government has been doing with teachers. Without closing schools, keeping thousands of teachers and staff and millions of students circulating every day, many in public transport, Doria and her Education Secretary reveal themselves as they are: enemies of life ”, said the president of Apeoesp and state deputy, Professor Bebel.

The Doria government has not released records of confirmed and suspected covid-19 cases in schools for two weeks. Much less if there was a death by covid-19 of teachers, students or other education workers. In the only balance sheet released on February 16, there were 741 confirmed cases and 1,133 suspected cases.


Although it claims that back to school amid the covid-19 pandemic is safe, the Doria government has restricted access to the Education Information and Monitoring System for Covid-19. With that, the governor leaves the assessment of the resumption of activities without any transparency. Only one server from each school can be registered and access the system, both to notify suspected or confirmed cases of the disease at school, and to monitor the general situation of the pandemic in the public school system.

The Secretary of State for Health of São Paulo, Jean Gorinchteyn, defended, on Tuesday (2), the closure of schools across the state due to the worsening of the pandemic of covid-19. He admitted that the increase in the circulation of people promoted by the return to school has contributed to the worsening of the transmission of the new coronavirus in recent weeks, as teachers and health experts have always said it would happen. Today, São Paulo has 17,802, with 9,910 in the ward and 7,892 in the ICU, the largest number in the entire pandemic.

“If we understand that people are threatened
against the virus, against the collapse (of the health system), we have to reevaluate
situations that could be avoided. One of them is the situation of the school. THE
The problem is not the school, but the movement of people. Teachers, students, parents
who take and bring their children. Even in public transport, the exposure that the
we end up putting people. At this point, it is worth noting that this
question of not having classes, ”said Gorinchteyn, in an interview with CBN radio.


In addition to the case records and the denunciation of the death of these teachers by covid-19, Apeoesp also highlights data from the Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual (HSPE) that shows the exhaustion of intensive care units (ICU) after returning to school. According to the internal bulletin of the HSPE, on Monday (1), the ICU occupancy for patients with covid-19 in the hospital is 95%. In wards, the occupation is 73%.

Yesterday, Doria announced that the entire state will enter the red quarantine phase for two weeks, starting on Saturday (6), due to the worsening of the covid-19 pandemic in São Paulo. However, he decided to keep the schools open. “Despite the restriction measures, state schools will continue to open their doors at the worst moment of the pandemic”, criticized Bebel, who guaranteed the continuation of the teachers’ strike, which started on February 8.

Teachers killed by covid-19 in São Paulo, according to a survey by Apeoesp:

Maria Inês Silva Frozel
Eda Balle Pulpato
Antonio Cesar Pereira
Cinthia Aparecida
Rodrigo Andrade
Regina Aparecida dos Santos Tomaz
Maria Soeiro
Maria Tereza Miguel Couto
Marcelo Shiroma
Antonio Cesar Pereira
Antônio Cesar Zenetti
Adriano Moraes
Ana Clara Macedo dos Santos
Paulo Henrique Camargo
Deolinda Scotti
Amauri Nicoletti
Guilherme Augusto de Oliveira Rebello
Luciani Andrade Serrão
Eliana Ferreira Boni
Luiz Roberto Oliveira

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