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Economy

Intermittent work accounts for half of the vacancies created in 2020

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São Paulo – Balance sheet released by the Ministry of Economy this week registered the opening of more than 142 thousand formal jobs in 2020. However, of this total, 73.1 thousand of the contracts signed were in the form of intermittent work. On the other hand, partial work registered 13.4 thousand fewer vacancies, which points to the replacement by this new type of contract.

Created in 2017 by the labor “reform” instituted in the Michel Temer government, the intermittent employment contract does not provide for fixed hours and wages. The hired worker remains at the company’s disposal and, at the end of the month, receives the equivalent for the hours worked. According to Dieese, this modality represents the legalization of practices hitherto considered “fraudulent”.

It is a much more precarious employment relationship. In addition to the lack of predictability about the final remuneration, if the hours worked do not reach the minimum wage, this time will not be computed for the calculation of retirement.

According to the supervisor of Dieese’s office in São Paulo, Victor Pagani, the pandemic of the new coronavirus served to boost this type of hiring. The service sector was the one that most used intermittent work, followed by industry. Flexibility in the workload favors adaptation to the restrictive measures adopted to combat the disease, which vary over time. But if it reduces costs for companies, it also represents a retraction in workers’ rights.

“There is a chance that intermittent work has replaced the part-time contract. The great risk is that this modality is used to replace even traditional forms of contracting, such as a 44-hour week. It would be an even greater process of precarious working relationships ”, said Pagani, in an interview with Current Brazil Newspaper, this Friday (12).

In the Supreme

This new bond, in fact, is the target of three direct actions of unconstitutionality (ADIs) in judgment at the Supreme Federal Court (STF). Minister Edson Fachin, rapporteur of the matter, found it unconstitutional. On the other hand, ministers Kassio Nunes Marques and Alexandre de Moraes voted for its validity. The trial was suspended last December, after Minister Rosa Weber’s request for a view.

According to the Dieese supervisor, if the STF declares the intermittent work illegal, it will be up to the legislators to pass a new legislation that restores minimum rights. On the other hand, if the Supreme Court considers this type of employment relationship to be legal, the tendency is for this precarious form of hiring to spread to other areas and sectors of the economy.

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Writing: Tiago Pereira. Edition: Glauco Faria

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Economy

Oil workers strike in six states against abuses and privatizations

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São Paulo – Oil tankers from Amazonas, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco and São Paulo started a strike this Friday (5). In addition, oil tankers from Bahia have also resumed the strike, after the failure of negotiations with Petrobras management. Another seven unions in the category are holding assemblies in the coming days to decide whether they will also join the strike.

In addition to the sliced ​​privatization of Petrobras subsidiaries, workers complain about worsening working conditions. They claim that bullying has become a “management tool”, used by the company’s management to pressure workers.

In addition to a policy to combat moral harassment, oil tankers also want an end to shift folds and extended working hours with the strike that broke out. They also demand the implementation of the collective bargaining agreement specifically for workers who work 12 hours a day.

According to the Single Federation of Oil Workers (FUP-CUT), workers are exhausted, “physically and psychologically”. The organization says there is no dialogue with the unions. On the other hand, the managements of Petrobras units subject the category to exhaustive hours and multifunctions, whether in face-to-face or remote work. In addition, the FUP also denounces compulsory transfers of workers and non-compliance with the Collective Agreement.

According to the federation, the current strike by oil tankers is “in defense of life, jobs and rights”. “We cannot admit that thousands of workers have their lives turned upside down, without the Petrobras management even accepting to negotiate alternatives proposed by the category. All this in the midst of the covid-19 pandemic, which is advancing on oil tankers, with hundreds of workers contaminated weekly due to the incompetence and negligence of the Castello Branco management, ”said the FUP, in a note.

Brazil

In Bahia, in addition to labor issues, oil tankers are also protesting the privatization of the Landulpho Alves Refinery (Rlam). They had gone on strike on 17 February. But the strike was suspended the next day, when Petrobras announced its intention to negotiate.

Last month, Rlam was sold to Mubadala Capital, Abhu Dhabi’s investment fund, for $ 1.65 billion. But, according to the Institute for Strategic Studies of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (Ineep), the refinery was sold for less than 50% of its value. According to calculations by the institute, Rlam’s market value would be between US $ 3 and US $ 4 billion.

Mobilization

In São Paulo, oil tankers from the Mauá (Recap) and Paulínia (Replan) refineries crossed their arms this morning. They protest the dismantling of Petrobras and the impacts of privatization on workers. In Espírito Santo, onshore oil tankers, in São Mateus, joined the strike. At the Manaus Refinery (Reman), with reduced headcount, workers complain that they are exposed to the daily risks of accidents and contamination by covid-19. In Bahia, the union denounces the presence of a strong police apparatus on the outskirts of Rlam.

“Fair price” fuels

This Thursday (4), the oil tankers participated in the demonstrations called by the centrals in favor of employment, vaccination for all and emergency aid of RS 600. In partnership with CUT and social movements, Petrobras workers sold “fair price” fuels in nine states. Taxi drivers, drivers and application deliverers were able to purchase gasoline for R $ 3.50 a liter. In Salvador, truck drivers were also able to refuel by paying R $ 3.09 per liter of diesel.

Fuel discounts served to protest the International Price Parity (PPI) policy, which has been adopted by Petrobras since 2016. In other words, linked to the value of a barrel of oil in the market, coupled with the devaluation of the real in the last period, the fuel prices have exploded. As a result of this policy, gasoline registered an accumulated increase of 41.5%, only in 2021. In diesel, the increase reaches 34.1%.

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