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In new labor reform, government wants to ‘pulverize’ labor rights

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São Paulo – The government of Jair Bolsonaro wants to carry out a new labor and union reform. The intention is to finalize the reform of ex-president Michel Temer and review the entire CLT, from labor rights to union relations.

Fausto Augusto Junior, Dieese’s technical director, explains that the government’s intention is to bring the Chilean model, which “pulverizes workers’ entities”. Among the proposals, is the creation of a union in each company, ending the representations of a category.

Another issue concerns the reduction of access to the Labor Court. “The federal government’s economic vision involves the withdrawal of labor rights. They invest their time in the idea of ​​expanding the number of unprotected workers, while we should seek to expand social rights and economic balance ”, criticizes Fausto, in his column in Current Brazil Newspaper.

Collective weakness

Within the reform, the goal is to end union unity – a single entity for both workers and companies by territorial base. In addition, the federal government wants to weaken the Labor Court, which also plays a part in collective bargaining.

Fausto recalls that the two representations have the prevalence of negotiation, which deals with conflict, and with a degree of control over what has been agreed. For the specialist, the Brazilian model is well consolidated and constituted, and even with its problems, it should not result in a total deconstruction.

“What is sought (in the new labor reform) is to deconstruct the legal framework, which is the CLT, to weaken the unions and make workers available to business interests. We need to be careful in labor relations, because we cannot deconstruct a system and think that nothing will happen, especially in an unequal country like Brazil ”, he warns.

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Economy

‘Hypocrite’, Bolsonaro at UN blames victims of agribusiness and mining

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São Paulo – The “hypocritical” speech with which President Jair Bolsonaro opened, this Tuesday (22), the 75th United Nations General Assembly (UN), seems to have been made to the internal public of Brazil, its voters. And not for other heads of state and external actors, as expected at the UN ”. The opinion is of Professor Miriam Gomes Saraiva, from the Department of International Relations of the State University of Rio de Janeiro (Uerj). “It looks like a speech to then take a piece and put it on a blog. For external effects, the impact is very bad, because, with regard to the environment and the pandemic, any head of government needs to ask its ambassador in Brazil. ”

For the teacher, Bolsonaro’s “hypocritical” speech at the UN is “disconcerting”. “It is difficult to even talk about it, because it is shocking. The military, in the past, tried to talk about the development of the Amazon, with Transamazônica, Zona Franca, a series of items that, although predatory, are even pointed out as development. But, Bolsonaro, not even that defends. He simply lies. It does not defend anything whatsoever. ”

Pandemic

In his speech, the head of state of the largest country in South America stated: “As happened in much of the world, a portion of the Brazilian press also politicized the virus (which causes covid-19), spreading panic among the population, under the motto ‘stay home and see the economy later’ ”. According to him, “they almost brought social chaos to the country”.

Indifferent to the environmental tragedy that befalls the Amazon and the Pantanal, Bolsonaro said that forest fires occur “where the caboclo and the indigenous people burn their gardens in search of their survival”, and that in Mato Grosso the cause is the “high temperature”.

He also said that the emergency aid paid in Brazil to the neediest in the context of the pandemic is one thousand dollars. The benefit amount, R $ 600, in today’s values, does not reach 110 dollars, and the last four installments, of R $ 300, will be R $ 55.

“The speech reveals a cold and persistent liar. It is an extremely unfair, aggressive speech that blames the victims of invasions (indigenous lands) and covers up the guilt of those responsible for the attacks on native peoples, their rights, their ways of existence, the environment and forests in Brazil, says Cleber Buzatto, deputy secretary of the Indian Missionary Council (Cimi). “We absolutely repudiate this disastrous attempt by President Bolsonaro to hold the original peoples responsible for what they are being victims of, the interests of agribusiness and mining, which he tries to protect,” he adds.

Economic causes

The only alternative for countries that care about the environment
environment, human and indigenous rights is to stop buying
products of mineral and agricultural origin from Brazil, believes Buzatto. “While
there is demand there will be violence and aggression on the part of these sectors and protection
them by the Bolsonaro government. ”

In the opinion of Gilberto Maringoni, professor of International Relations at the Federal University of ABC (UFABC), in his second appearance at the UN General Assembly, Bolsonaro expressed himself in a more moderate tone than in 2019. Last year, he still represented a novelty on the international scene, a scenario in which President Donald “Trump was surfing in popularity”.

In 2019, Bolsonaro stated that he took over a country “on the verge of socialism” and made reference to the Mais Médicos program. He cited the program implemented in Dilma Rousseff’s first term as “an agreement between the PT government and the Cuban dictatorship”. For Maringoni, in view of Trump’s likely defeat to Joe Biden in the American elections, Bolsonaro adopted a more moderate speech.

Bolsonaro’s “hypocritical” side at the UN was also exposed when mentioning the trade agreement between Mercosur and the European Union (EU) and with the European Free Trade Association. “These agreements have important clauses that reinforce our commitments to environmental protection,” he said. In reality, the deal is in check in Europe precisely because of the environmental “policy” of his government in Brazil.

European pressure

Social pressures against the agreement are increasing in Europe. On Friday (18), the French government strongly spoke against the trade agreement between the EU and Mercosur. The agreement has not yet been ratified, due to serious environmental problems in the countries of the South American bloc, Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay. Last year, with Decree No. 10,084, the president released sugarcane planting in the Amazon, the Pantanal and the Upper Paraguay Basin. Read the decree here.

But Bolsonaro continues to try to capitalize on the deal that has not yet been finalized, which is of more interest to European capitalism than, for example, to the industry of South American countries. “Most likely, he will continue to repeat this, that he managed to sign the agreement. It is possible that it will be ratified at some point, including after the end of the Bolsonaro government, ”says Miriam Gomes Saraiva.

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