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Economy

In Argentina, deputies approve tax on large fortunes

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São Paulo – President Alberto Fernández’s base in the Chamber of Deputies managed to approve, this Wednesday (18th), the creation of an extraordinary tax on large fortunes in Argentina. The text obtained 133 favorable votes against 115 deputies who opposed the bill and two abstentions, and is now being analyzed by the Senate. Prepared by government representatives, the project must pass the scrutiny of the Argentine Legislature, where the president’s party holds a comfortable majority, as the newspaper points out Page 12.

The initiative, officially called the “Extraordinary Contribution of Solidarity of Great Fortunes”, also has popular support. According to the bill, taxation should be levied on the income of those who have certified more than 200 million Argentine pesos as equity in their last tax return. Which would be equivalent to fortunes above U $ 2.5 million or, more than R $ 13 million (with the US currency quoted at R $ 5.29).

The text also provides for the application of a progressive rate of 2% to 3.5% depending on equity. The measure, in all, should reach 2% of the population, just over 9,200 individuals, according to the Federal Administration of Public Revenue (AFIP). The agency calculates that the collection will still represent about one percentage point of the country’s GDP.

Social investment

The amount raised is also already earmarked for the project. At least 20%, according to the government, will be allocated for the purchase and production of medical equipment and health supplies, due to the pandemic of the new coronavirus. Until this Tuesday, Argentina registered 36,106 victims of the covid-19. Small and medium-sized companies should also benefit from 20% of the total collected.

The website Opera Mundi it also details that 15% of the resources will be invested in socio-urban integration programs in popular neighborhoods for social development. Another 20% will go to Progressar scholarships, which would be a kind of Argentine ProUni. And 25% will also be allocated to natural gas exploration and development programs through Enarsa – Argentina’s state-owned oil company.

Since 2018, with the neoliberal government of Mauricio Macri, Argentina has been going through a recession that has brought about 35% of the population to high levels of poverty. The Peronist government took power last year, with a 10% unemployment rate in the country, according to the international press.

As in everyone, the economic crisis was further aggravated by the health crisis caused by the covid-19. Fernández’s team has allocated millions of dollars to companies, in an attempt to mitigate the economic effects of restrictive measures to combat covid-19, followed since the beginning of the pandemic across the country. Deputies favorable to taxation stressed that the super-rich minority must contribute to the “majority of compatriots who are on the poverty line”.

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Economy

Union denounces the death of 20 teachers by covid-19 after back to school in SP

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São Paulo – The Union of Teachers of Official Education of the State of São Paulo (Apeoesp) held a demonstration today (4) denouncing the death of at least 20 teachers by covid-19 since the beginning of the return to school in the state of São Paulo Paulo. The entity also accounts for 1,861 confirmed cases of covid-19 in 850 schools. The protest took place in front of the State Department of Education of the government of João Doria (PSDB), after a motorcade through the streets of the capital of São Paulo. In addition to honoring these teachers, the act also called for an immediate suspension of classes until the new coronavirus pandemic is controlled in the state.

The demonstration began in the Masp free space, on Avenida Paulista. From there, the teachers went to the State Department of Education, at Praça da República. “It is unacceptable what the Doria government has been doing with teachers. Without closing schools, keeping thousands of teachers and staff and millions of students circulating every day, many in public transport, Doria and her Education Secretary reveal themselves as they are: enemies of life ”, said the president of Apeoesp and state deputy, Professor Bebel.

The Doria government has not released records of confirmed and suspected covid-19 cases in schools for two weeks. Much less if there was a death by covid-19 of teachers, students or other education workers. In the only balance sheet released on February 16, there were 741 confirmed cases and 1,133 suspected cases.

Folly

Although it claims that back to school amid the covid-19 pandemic is safe, the Doria government has restricted access to the Education Information and Monitoring System for Covid-19. With that, the governor leaves the assessment of the resumption of activities without any transparency. Only one server from each school can be registered and access the system, both to notify suspected or confirmed cases of the disease at school, and to monitor the general situation of the pandemic in the public school system.

The Secretary of State for Health of São Paulo, Jean Gorinchteyn, defended, on Tuesday (2), the closure of schools across the state due to the worsening of the pandemic of covid-19. He admitted that the increase in the circulation of people promoted by the return to school has contributed to the worsening of the transmission of the new coronavirus in recent weeks, as teachers and health experts have always said it would happen. Today, São Paulo has 17,802, with 9,910 in the ward and 7,892 in the ICU, the largest number in the entire pandemic.

“If we understand that people are threatened
against the virus, against the collapse (of the health system), we have to reevaluate
situations that could be avoided. One of them is the situation of the school. THE
The problem is not the school, but the movement of people. Teachers, students, parents
who take and bring their children. Even in public transport, the exposure that the
we end up putting people. At this point, it is worth noting that this
question of not having classes, ”said Gorinchteyn, in an interview with CBN radio.

Restrictions

In addition to the case records and the denunciation of the death of these teachers by covid-19, Apeoesp also highlights data from the Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual (HSPE) that shows the exhaustion of intensive care units (ICU) after returning to school. According to the internal bulletin of the HSPE, on Monday (1), the ICU occupancy for patients with covid-19 in the hospital is 95%. In wards, the occupation is 73%.

Yesterday, Doria announced that the entire state will enter the red quarantine phase for two weeks, starting on Saturday (6), due to the worsening of the covid-19 pandemic in São Paulo. However, he decided to keep the schools open. “Despite the restriction measures, state schools will continue to open their doors at the worst moment of the pandemic”, criticized Bebel, who guaranteed the continuation of the teachers’ strike, which started on February 8.

Teachers killed by covid-19 in São Paulo, according to a survey by Apeoesp:

Maria Inês Silva Frozel
Eda Balle Pulpato
Antonio Cesar Pereira
Cinthia Aparecida
Rodrigo Andrade
Regina Aparecida dos Santos Tomaz
Maria Soeiro
Maria Tereza Miguel Couto
Marcelo Shiroma
Antonio Cesar Pereira
Antônio Cesar Zenetti
Adriano Moraes
Ana Clara Macedo dos Santos
Paulo Henrique Camargo
Deolinda Scotti
Amauri Nicoletti
Guilherme Augusto de Oliveira Rebello
Luciani Andrade Serrão
Eliana Ferreira Boni
Luiz Roberto Oliveira

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