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ILO expects unemployment in Latin America to reach 10.6% in 2020

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São Paulo – Unemployment in Latin America and the Caribbean is expected to jump to 10.6% this year, reaching its highest level in more than a decade, points out the report of the International Labor Organization (ILO), which forecasts 30.1 million workers. more unemployed in the region this year.

The ILO’s unemployment crisis is triggered by the covid-19 pandemic. For 2021, the scenario is expected to get even worse, from the perspective of the organization, which points to an unemployment rate of 11.2%. This year, Brazil reached 14.6% of unemployed people, according to the IBGE.

For Dieese’s deputy director José Silvestre, the data are not surprising, as the Latin American economy is more fragile. “In the case of Brazil, the pandemic caused people to migrate to inactivity and to stop looking for jobs, either due to isolation or also due to difficulties. It is to be expected for next year, even if the country has economic growth, that the unemployment rate remains high ”, Current Brazil Newspaper.

A bulletin released this Thursday (17th) by Dieese, on the Labor Condition Index, brings worrying data in relation to the current scenario. “The index reveals that the situation was bad before the pandemic. The changes that made job hiring more flexible and the advancement of technology contributed to this worsening ”, explains Silvestre.

Role of the State

In its report, the ILO points out that the crisis has caused several countries to create new policies to try to mitigate impacts, such as distance training, job insurance to prevent dismissals and remote work. With the change of scenery, the director of Dieese reaffirms the importance of the State to combat the high rate of unemployment.

In order not to let more people go into poverty, Silvestre points to the need to extend emergency aid or create a basic income program. “State measures of employment policy and income aid are needed to mitigate the crisis and not let poverty deepen. It is necessary to develop credit policies to encourage hiring, but there are occupations that will disappear. ”

However, the Brazilian State needs to take the lead in fighting the economic crisis, without waiting for effective actions from the private market. “In all the economic crises of the 20th century, to mitigate the problems, the State played an important role. It was never the market that solved it, it was always the governments. It won’t be any different with this one ”, he concluded.

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Economy

Oil workers strike in six states against abuses and privatizations

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São Paulo – Oil tankers from Amazonas, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco and São Paulo started a strike this Friday (5). In addition, oil tankers from Bahia have also resumed the strike, after the failure of negotiations with Petrobras management. Another seven unions in the category are holding assemblies in the coming days to decide whether they will also join the strike.

In addition to the sliced ​​privatization of Petrobras subsidiaries, workers complain about worsening working conditions. They claim that bullying has become a “management tool”, used by the company’s management to pressure workers.

In addition to a policy to combat moral harassment, oil tankers also want an end to shift folds and extended working hours with the strike that broke out. They also demand the implementation of the collective bargaining agreement specifically for workers who work 12 hours a day.

According to the Single Federation of Oil Workers (FUP-CUT), workers are exhausted, “physically and psychologically”. The organization says there is no dialogue with the unions. On the other hand, the managements of Petrobras units subject the category to exhaustive hours and multifunctions, whether in face-to-face or remote work. In addition, the FUP also denounces compulsory transfers of workers and non-compliance with the Collective Agreement.

According to the federation, the current strike by oil tankers is “in defense of life, jobs and rights”. “We cannot admit that thousands of workers have their lives turned upside down, without the Petrobras management even accepting to negotiate alternatives proposed by the category. All this in the midst of the covid-19 pandemic, which is advancing on oil tankers, with hundreds of workers contaminated weekly due to the incompetence and negligence of the Castello Branco management, ”said the FUP, in a note.

Brazil

In Bahia, in addition to labor issues, oil tankers are also protesting the privatization of the Landulpho Alves Refinery (Rlam). They had gone on strike on 17 February. But the strike was suspended the next day, when Petrobras announced its intention to negotiate.

Last month, Rlam was sold to Mubadala Capital, Abhu Dhabi’s investment fund, for $ 1.65 billion. But, according to the Institute for Strategic Studies of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (Ineep), the refinery was sold for less than 50% of its value. According to calculations by the institute, Rlam’s market value would be between US $ 3 and US $ 4 billion.

Mobilization

In São Paulo, oil tankers from the Mauá (Recap) and Paulínia (Replan) refineries crossed their arms this morning. They protest the dismantling of Petrobras and the impacts of privatization on workers. In Espírito Santo, onshore oil tankers, in São Mateus, joined the strike. At the Manaus Refinery (Reman), with reduced headcount, workers complain that they are exposed to the daily risks of accidents and contamination by covid-19. In Bahia, the union denounces the presence of a strong police apparatus on the outskirts of Rlam.

“Fair price” fuels

This Thursday (4), the oil tankers participated in the demonstrations called by the centrals in favor of employment, vaccination for all and emergency aid of RS 600. In partnership with CUT and social movements, Petrobras workers sold “fair price” fuels in nine states. Taxi drivers, drivers and application deliverers were able to purchase gasoline for R $ 3.50 a liter. In Salvador, truck drivers were also able to refuel by paying R $ 3.09 per liter of diesel.

Fuel discounts served to protest the International Price Parity (PPI) policy, which has been adopted by Petrobras since 2016. In other words, linked to the value of a barrel of oil in the market, coupled with the devaluation of the real in the last period, the fuel prices have exploded. As a result of this policy, gasoline registered an accumulated increase of 41.5%, only in 2021. In diesel, the increase reaches 34.1%.

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