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‘I wanted to change sides and shine’ – Rede Brasil Atual

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São Paulo – “I was tired of sitting in front of the television and receiving light. I wanted to change sides and shine. ” Thus, the young filmmaker Cadu Barcellos defined his participation, as director, in one of the episodes of the feature 5x Favela – Now for Ourselves. The 2010 production was designed by Cacá Diegues, a remake of the same work from 1961, when five young middle-class filmmakers climbed up hills in Rio to film 5x Favela. There were Cacá Diegues, Leon Hirszman, Joaquim Pedro de Andrade, Marcos Farias and Miguel Borges, members of the Popular Culture Center (CPC), of the National Students Union (UNE).

In 2010, Cacá, now
as a producer, selected seven young filmmakers living in communities in the
Rio. The feature film 5x Favela, Now For Ourselves, launched in
that August, has five episodes, like the one in 1961. The difference is that the new
directors are all residents of the locations where they filmed. Among them, Cadu
Barcellos. Cadu was killed in the early hours of Tuesday (10) in Rio de Janeiro, at
34 years, stabbed, after being the victim of assault. “Cadu was murdered
possibly on account of a cell phone, a RioCard (transportation voucher) and a
handful of reais ”, said friend William Oliveira to a TV station.

Cadu Barcellos was an assistant director on the program Greg News, led by Gregório Duvivier, at HBO, and the Back door. Friends created a fundraising campaign to support Cadu’s family, which leaves his wife, Gabi, and their 2-year-old son Bernardo.

Let it fly
Scene of Let it fly, episode directed by Cadu Barcellos

Let it fly

Let it fly is one of the five episode of 5x Favela – Now for Ourselves. The story takes place in Complexo da Maré, where Cadu Barcellos lived. It tells the story of Flávio, who, in order to get his friend’s kite, is forced to go to the “territory” dominated by a rival faction. “That is a great continent with several countries: 16 communities, 170 thousand inhabitants, all factions, police, militias… It is an episode about the unknown, the refugee”, said the young director to the reporter Xandra Stefanel, in the edition 51, of September 2010, the Magazine of Brazil.

For
Cadu, the production was “a milestone” in the history of Brazilian cinematography. “Never
I saw nothing like it. A favela guy talking about his reality in cinema is
revolutionary. In addition, there is the question of the meeting point, because young people
from various communities made ‘everything together and mixed’ really happen and
succeed”.

O
more exciting, for him, is knowing the importance of this for people who
live in the favela. “Living in art in Brazil is very difficult, but it is very cool
see your family, neighbors and friends saying they feel represented
in what I did, in the way of talking, dressing, in the little things. Not that
it happens in soap operas, or in other films. ”

Read the full article by Revista do Brasil about 5x Favela – Now for Ourselves

The new '5x Favela' and the new Brazil - Rede Brasil Atual

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Economy

more unemployment and more informality

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São Paulo – Government, businessmen and some parliamentarians were in tune with the defense of the bill that, if approved, would lead to the creation of Law 13,467 in 2017. The so-called labor reform, after all, would lead to the creation of millions of jobs. This would happen to the extent that it would end the rigidity of the legislation, which they treated as being “plastered”, facilitating hiring and giving the much-needed “modernization” to the Brazilian labor market.

Because the law completed three years on November 11 “and nobody celebrated, not even timidly”, recalls analyst Marcos Verlaine, from the Inter-Union Department of Parliamentary Advisory (Diap). “Among the expectations generated by the authors, the government of that time, the businessmen, who sponsored, defended and acted strongly in Congress to approve it, the media and reality, remained the harsh reality”, he says, in an article. He defines the measure passed by Congress as a “capital Trojan horse” to implode labor rights.

Collective bargaining?

The insistent defense of the “negotiated over the legislature”, a recurring expression at the time, was not to privilege negotiation, notes the analyst. “It was to remove rights, since the negotiations – both CCT (ccollective labor agreements) and ACT (collective labor agreements) – they never prevented, on the contrary, that the conventions surpass the CLT, nor that the agreements surpass the conventions. ”

The “millions” of jobs did not come, even before the pandemic. The growth in occupation was basically due to informal work. In 2016, the year before the “reform”, the country had 10.1 million unpaid employees in the private sector and 22.4 million self-employed workers. Last year, they were 11.6 million and 24.2 million, respectively (check table). The data are from the National Household Sample Survey (Pnad) Continua, from IBGE.

Modernization or precariousness?

Employment with a wallet fell. And the Gini index at work, which measures inequality, which until 2015 fell, rose again the following year and has not stopped.

The “reform” introduced hiring modalities, such as intermittent work. They were also presented as items of the necessary “modernization”, but union members and researchers identify them as additional signs of precariousness in the market. Although still small, the participation of the intermittent modality has been growing.

This week, the Federal Supreme Court (STF) began to judge direct actions of unconstitutionality against intermittent work. In his vote, the rapporteur, Minister Edson Fachin, considered the item unconstitutional and causing damage to workers’ health. But his colleagues Kassio Nunes Marques and Alexandre Moraes were in favor of the sport. The trial was interrupted by a request for view from Minister Rosa Weber.

If it is impossible to revoke the law in its entirety, Verlaine suggests specific changes, citing intermittent hiring. “It is necessary to negotiate with all political and social actors in order to bring about changes in this scorched earth scenario” he argues.

read more: ‘Labor Reform’: Stories of a False Promise and Changes in ‘Endless Destruction’

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