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House approves Fundeb, but withdraws public funds for System S and even schools linked to churches

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São Paulo – By approving, on Thursday (10), the basic text of the bill that regulates the new Basic Education Development Fund (Fundeb), the main mechanism for financing basic education in the country, the Chamber of Deputies it also approved the withdrawal of 10% of the fund for private schools. The maneuver, carried out in the vote on the highlights of the main text, was considered a “blow” against public education. The text goes on to vote in the Senate.

In the approval, the Chamber of Deputies included, by means of a prominent amendment, the possibility of allocating 10% of Fundeb resources to community philanthropic institutions, confessionals and for professional education, including promoted by entities of the S System (Senai and Senac) – already financed by the 2.5% tax on the payroll of Brazilian companies. These amounts are collected with the taxes of the National Social Security Institute (INSS).

Education experts and opposition MPs criticized the approved amendment. The Constitution already allows for the transfer of federal funds to community, denominational and philanthropic schools when there is a lack of places in public high school and elementary school, as is currently the case. “Today, there is no shortage of public enrollments in elementary and high school. What is lacking is a resource for these schools, ”says Daniel Cara, director of the National Campaign for the Right to Education and professor at the Faculty of Education at the University of São Paulo (USP). “When you increase the number of schools that can benefit from public resources, which is already too little, you are harming public schools even more,” he adds.

Daniel Cara also affirms that the change allows public resources to benefit schools linked to religious orders “extremely rich, who would already be able to carry out their philanthropic activities without State support.”

“To give public resources for private education is to privatize professional education in Brazil,” said Deputy Professor Rosa Neide (PT-MT). “Today we are destroying the Brazilian public school, we are putting Fundeb’s resources into the private sector. We are going back to before the 1988 constitution. ”

Deputy Alice Portugal (PCdoB-BA) said that there was a “deconstruction” of the spirit of the constitutional amendment approved this year by Congress, which made Fundeb permanent. “This will be judicialized because regulation cannot go against the text of the Constitution,” he complained.

The opposition criticized the highlights and denounced breach of agreement by the rapporteur, deputy Felipe Rigoni (PSB-ES). He argued that he kept the agreement and voted against the allocation of resources to System S, even though he was in favor of the measure.

Deputy Waldenor Pereira (PT-BA) said that the changes made to the text “destroyed” the new Fundeb. “We came to the session removing our obstruction, removing all the highlights in the expectation that we would vote in favor and celebrate the consolidation of this great victory of Brazilian education, approving the Fundeb regulations on the agreed bases,” he said.

In a post on twitter, the professor at the Federal Institute of Rio Grande do Sul, master and doctor in education Gregório Grisa, cited material from leaf and also criticized the outcome of the vote in the House. The expert pointed out that, taking into account the private non-profit schools that could potentially benefit from the transfer of funds from Fundeb, 74% of enrollments are in richer cities, with the largest bands of the MHDI (between 0.5 and 0 , 7). The effect, therefore, will be the opposite of what was expected with the new rules of the main funding mechanism for public basic education, renewed this year.

Regulation is necessary for the fund’s resources to be available in January next year. Fundeb becomes permanent from 2021 to finance early childhood education and elementary and secondary education in public schools. The fund is comprised of 20% of the income from eight state and municipal taxes and amounts transferred from federal taxes. In 2019, Fundeb cost R $ 156.3 billion to the public network.

RBA Newsroom: Fábio M. Michel – With Agência Câmara, Portal Vermelho and G1

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Economy

Unionists protest at Ford dealership against closure

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In Camaçari (BA), where one of the factories is to be deactivated, the Metalworkers Union held an assembly and an ecumenical act. Representatives of the entity participated in meetings in Brasília, in three embassies, looking for people interested in settling in the industrial center. Metallurgists in Taubaté (SP), on the other hand, have kept vigil in front of the factory since the company announced the closure.

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