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Franco da Rocha reopens the Juquery Complex museum – RBA

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São Paulo – The city of Franco da Rocha, in the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo, reopens to the public this Tuesday (1st) the Osório Cesar Museum. Founded in 1985, the space was closed for 16 years after a fire that hit the Juquery Psychiatric Hospital Complex, of which it is a part. Works of art from former patients of the institution will be available for appreciation again.

Hospital do Juquery is one of the largest and best known psychiatric institutions in Brazil, founded in 1898. With a dark initial history, with cruel treatments, successive reforms in the field of psychiatry have overcome the worst days of the complex. One of the names of humanization in the treatment of psychiatric issues is honored with the name of the museum.

Osório Thaumaturgo Cesar was one of the pioneers in the use of art as a form of therapy, still in the 1940s and 1950s. “At the initiative of the doctor Osório Cesar, the first studies of art therapy were initiated, a method that resulted in the creation of a museum that takes his name and that transformed the lives of thousands of psychiatric patients in Brazil ”, says the museum organization.

The hospital served 16 thousand patients in the 1970s, at the time, the largest psychiatric colony in Latin America. The history of the institution merges with the history of the city, which now builds a new path as a pole of tourism and study of the region. The entire complex is listed by the historical heritage, including the museum facilities. “The site has its architectural project created by the Ramos de Azevedo Architecture Office and was once the residence of Dr. Francisco Franco da Rocha, founder of the Hospital Psiquiatrico do Juquery.”

Collection

Works by Aurora Cursino dos Santos, one from 1951 and one undated, from the collection of the Osório Cesar Museum, in Franco da Rocha

“What limits divide madness and lucidity? Who defines the parameters of what is considered art and what is not? These issues reverberate within the walls of Hospital do Juquery ”, defines the organization. More than 8,000 works “symbols of the inmates’ power to produce works that deal with different experiences connecting the alienated with the world” are preserved and now on display.

Among the creations, there are 15 made by patients for the Contemporary Art Exhibition 2020 in Berlin. The patient artists who participated in the event were Ubirajara Ferreira Braga, Aurora Cursino dos Santos, Maria Aparecida Dias and Masayo Seta.

Tourism and income

Franco da Rocha’s mayor, Kiko Celeguim (PT), celebrated the reopening of the museum. Celeguim leaves the city hall in January, but will be succeeded by Dr. Nivaldo (PTB), who represented a coalition supported by the current mayor.

“The importance of the State is fundamental to create a space like this, which until now did not exist in the region. In addition to being cultural, the museum has an educational plan. It will help – mainly the low-income population – to have access to artistic production and to understand art in historical terms. At the same time, there are expectations that the museum will promote tourism, income and job creation ”, says Kiko Celeguim.

In addition to the historical landmark of relevance to psychiatry, anti-asylum and Brazilian culture, the museum will also offer educational guidance for visits by students and the population. The entire complex increases job and income creation in the city. “Spaces like this don’t exist in the region. In addition to financial investment and the training of museologists and technicians, we have obtained unprecedented resources in our region, ”said the mayor.

Celeguim says that “to the extent that it will be open to people from all over Brazil, the museum will have the potential to awaken weekend tourism in Franco da Rocha and develop a chain that, in addition to knowledge, will generate jobs and income”.

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Economy

incompetence, neglect, omission and violation, says expert

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São Paulo – The record abstention (51.5%) on the first day of the National High School Examination (Enem) 2020 reflects the incompetence, neglect, undue omission of functional performance and violation of the duty of the Ministry of Education (MEC). The assessment was made today (18) by the executive president of the organization Todos pela Educação, Priscila Cruz.

Data from the National Institute of Educational Studies and Research Anísio Teixeira (Inep), the MEC organ responsible for the exam, of the 5,523,029 enrolled, 2,680,697 (48.5%) attended. A record abstention of 51.5%. In Enem’s 20 years, the record so far had been broken in 2009: 37.7%.

Enem exclusion

“The # Enem2020 with 51.5% effectiveness in excluding students”, Gregório Grisa, professor at the Federal Institute of Rio Grande do Sul (IFRGS) and specialist in educational data, recorded in his social networks.

The president of the National Union of Students (UNE), Iago Montalvão, recalled that the result confirmed the prognoses of the student entities. “Just as we said. Record abstention. Because the students didn’t want to take the exam. Not! Because they didn’t feel safe, and sometimes they were even prevented from entering crowded rooms. Another poorly organized Enem in the Bolsonaro government. The student loses! ”

Federal deputy Glauber Braga (Psol-RJ) mocked the Minister of Education, Pastor Milton Ribeiro. “The 1st day of Enem had a record abstaining of 51.5%. Most students did not. Several who were unable to enter and did not receive adequate satisfaction. The Minister of Education still had the courage to say that it was ‘a success’. The fight against denialism is daily. ”

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Copywriting: Cida de Oliveira – Edition: Helder Lima

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