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Forum criticizes ‘elitism’ of the Doria government in implementing the Aldir Blanc Law in São Paulo

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São Paulo – The Paulista Aldir Blanc Forum, formed by artists and cultural professionals organized in 17 regional committees and forums spread throughout São Paulo, including the capital, sent a letter to Governor João Doria (PSDB), criticizing the criteria for applying the Law Aldir Blanc de Emergência Cultural (law nº 14.017) in the state. In the document, the RBA had access, the organization claims that there is a lack of universality and the purpose of the law, to provide financial assistance to workers in the sector due to the covid-19 pandemic, were masked as “awards”.

The collective was created by civil society culture workers, discussing the application of the law of the same name and action plans so that resources reach the multiple sectors of cultural activity, which are among the most vulnerable in the pandemic.

Among the actions contested by the Forum in the letter is the publication of the ProAC Expresso LAB notices, launched by the State Secretariat for Culture and Creative Economy, in the total amount of R $ 75 million and which aims to serve only 1,777 cultural agents, including freelancers, collectives and institutions.

According to Marcelo Ferreira, coordinator of the Cultural Emergency Observatory, the measures adopted by the government penalize all popular cultural segments and violate the concept of emergency awards. He also explains that the notice allocates R $ 100 thousand for each “notable project”, while providing R $ 25 thousand to the so-called masters of popular culture. “Who is not‘ remarkable ’is what? Is someone invisible? What are the criteria for this division? Why does a “notable” theater director deserve to receive much more than someone from popular culture? This was decided in a ‘notable’ room, ”he asked.

According to the ProAC document, there will be different awards for each sector. In one of the modalities in the theater area, for example, R $ 100,000 is paid to “Theater Direction”, which will be evaluated “for its history of achievements, with the evaluation criteria of the awards received, participation in festivals, shows and presentations. carried out in the last five years, positive reviews and the total public reached ”.

However, the “Neide Rodrigues Gomes” Prize for intangible heritage, popular, traditional and urban culture, will distribute up to R $ 25,000 to masters, reference artists, groups, Culture Points, cultural entities, “which will be evaluated for their achievements history having as evaluation criteria the prizes received, the positive reviews, the works and constituted legacy, and the total public reached ”.

Popular culture

The public notices are divided between: audiovisual; theater; material and immaterial heritage; circus; online festivals; music; museum; dance; multi-language licensing; children and adolescents; events; training and informational processes; literature; and visual arts. According to the Forum, the Doria government promoted an “invisibility action by the popular, black, indigenous and peripheral sectors, both in the process of formulating state policies and in the budget allocation of cultural emergency edicts”.

The São Paulo Forum Aldir Blanc also regrets the lack of dialogue between the state management and civil society, which resulted in the “elimination of the parameters of equality, publicity, universality and reasonableness”. Marcelo also explains that the Doria government did not actively seek out peripheral communities to map cultural collectives.

“They allocated 23% to audiovisual, which has a large production chain, but they did not make an active search, mapping, to find out how many there are and if they deserved this larger share. With this distribution, hip-hop, people from traditional communities will be left unattended. This all constitutes structural racism ”, criticized Ferreira.

“Why isn’t there an announcement for the theater and for black cultures, isn’t there? They are shelved in other notices, that is, there are no affirmative actions that seek to recognize these communities. Doria transformed the execution of the Aldir Blanc Law into a division between notables in the box and the general ”, lamented Marcelo.

The letter also asks the governor for a change of course in law enforcement. “At a time when the world turns to the practices of combating racism, your government cannot miss the opportunity to apply the Aldir Blanc Law in the State of São Paulo, with universality, social justice and, above all, remember the its emergency nature to serve people, communities and cultural segments, historically excluded ”, concludes the text.

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Economy

more unemployment and more informality

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São Paulo – Government, businessmen and some parliamentarians were in tune with the defense of the bill that, if approved, would lead to the creation of Law 13,467 in 2017. The so-called labor reform, after all, would lead to the creation of millions of jobs. This would happen to the extent that it would end the rigidity of the legislation, which they treated as being “plastered”, facilitating hiring and giving the much-needed “modernization” to the Brazilian labor market.

Because the law completed three years on November 11 “and nobody celebrated, not even timidly”, recalls analyst Marcos Verlaine, from the Inter-Union Department of Parliamentary Advisory (Diap). “Among the expectations generated by the authors, the government of that time, the businessmen, who sponsored, defended and acted strongly in Congress to approve it, the media and reality, remained the harsh reality”, he says, in an article. He defines the measure passed by Congress as a “capital Trojan horse” to implode labor rights.

Collective bargaining?

The insistent defense of the “negotiated over the legislature”, a recurring expression at the time, was not to privilege negotiation, notes the analyst. “It was to remove rights, since the negotiations – both CCT (ccollective labor agreements) and ACT (collective labor agreements) – they never prevented, on the contrary, that the conventions surpass the CLT, nor that the agreements surpass the conventions. ”

The “millions” of jobs did not come, even before the pandemic. The growth in occupation was basically due to informal work. In 2016, the year before the “reform”, the country had 10.1 million unpaid employees in the private sector and 22.4 million self-employed workers. Last year, they were 11.6 million and 24.2 million, respectively (check table). The data are from the National Household Sample Survey (Pnad) Continua, from IBGE.

Modernization or precariousness?

Employment with a wallet fell. And the Gini index at work, which measures inequality, which until 2015 fell, rose again the following year and has not stopped.

The “reform” introduced hiring modalities, such as intermittent work. They were also presented as items of the necessary “modernization”, but union members and researchers identify them as additional signs of precariousness in the market. Although still small, the participation of the intermittent modality has been growing.

This week, the Federal Supreme Court (STF) began to judge direct actions of unconstitutionality against intermittent work. In his vote, the rapporteur, Minister Edson Fachin, considered the item unconstitutional and causing damage to workers’ health. But his colleagues Kassio Nunes Marques and Alexandre Moraes were in favor of the sport. The trial was interrupted by a request for view from Minister Rosa Weber.

If it is impossible to revoke the law in its entirety, Verlaine suggests specific changes, citing intermittent hiring. “It is necessary to negotiate with all political and social actors in order to bring about changes in this scorched earth scenario” he argues.

read more: ‘Labor Reform’: Stories of a False Promise and Changes in ‘Endless Destruction’

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