São Paulo – Then governor of Rio Grande do Sul, in 1999 Olívio Dutra considered the terms negotiated by his predecessor, Antônio Britto, to install Ford and GM factories in the state unacceptable. He considered that companies were exempt not only from taxes, but from risks, which were all left to the government. There was an agreement with GM, and the automaker opened the Gravataí plant on July 20, 2000.
Ford went from the South to the Northeast, attracted by a sea of incentives – including a provisional measure from then President Fernando Henrique Cardoso – and set up a factory in Camaçari, in the metropolitan region of Salvador. The unit’s 20 years would be celebrated next October 12. But the company, which in 2019 had already closed the São Bernardo plant, yesterday announced the end of its production in Brazil. This morning, the Metalworkers Union of Camaçari held an assembly to discuss what to do in the face of this decision. Try to resist or negotiate a “fair compensation”.
Billion dollar resources
Protest note released by CTB and the Interstate Federation of Metallurgists and Metallurgists of Brazil (Fitmetal) refers to this process of incentives, which is difficult to measure. “The justifications used by Ford’s management do not take into account the billionaire resources that the automaker received, in the form of tax waivers, especially in the Camaçari complex”, say the entities. “Although governments such as those of Michel Temer and Jair Bolsonaro have not invested well in the industry, a Federal Revenue survey estimates that incentives for Ford, between 1999 and 2020, were approximately R $ 20 billion”, they add.
According to the leaders, in addition to the workers, “those most affected by the country’s accelerated deindustrialization”, a way out of crises like this needs to involve public authorities (federal, state and municipal bodies) and businessmen from different sectors. Just yesterday, the government of Bahia announced the formation of a working group to discuss the future of the Camaçari plant and the maintenance of jobs, which can reach 12 thousand, between direct and so-called systemists. Or up to 50 thousand, considering the production chain.
Absence of project
For IndustriALL Brasil, formed by CUT and Força Sindical unions, Ford’s action “is a consequence of the complete absence of a project to revive the Brazilian economy, which contemplates the country’s reindustrialization”. If it is true that on the one hand the company has benefited and now “flees” from Brazil, on the other hand the “unprepared and inept government of Bolsonaro and Guedes pretends to ignore the importance of industry as an engine of national development, does not present any strategy for action sector in Brazil and condemns the country to a route of deindustrialization and divestment, as we have been warning for some time ”.
The organization recalls that the unions not only alerted, but also presented proposals, the case of Inovar-Auto. “Internal and international mistrust and discrediting the direction of the Brazilian economy with this government there is undeniable; a business decision like this is not taken without considering the total incapacity of the Bolsonaro government ”, affirm, in a note, CUT and Força leaders (read in full at the end of the text).
“At a time when the global auto industry is going through one of the most intense waves of transformation, guided by electrification and connectivity, we are witnessing the criminal omission, and even boycott, of the subservient Brazilian government to industry, with harmful consequences for the working class, before a president unable to conduct any dialogue on the insertion of the country in the rapidly changing scenario. ”
“It is unfortunate that Bolsonaro, in particular, is silent and omits in the face of yet another setback for Brazilian industry. But, unfortunately, it is less and less surprising that a company the size of Ford prefers to keep its business in smaller economies, such as Argentina and Uruguay, transferred there qualified and decent jobs ”, affirm, in turn, the presidents of CTB, Adilson Araújo, and FitMetal, Marcelino da Rocha.
For the president of UGT, Ricardo Patah, a “mixture of ignorance and obscurantism” has made Brazil a “pariah” worldwide. “At least 5,000 people are going to lose their jobs. But the economic disaster is much greater. The centenary company – which in the past five years has taken R $ 7.5 billion in subsidies, according to the government – will harm trade, in general, and the users of its products ”, he said.
“The affected states – São Paulo, Bahia and Ceará – will not have the strength to do anything”, adds the unionist. “The social tragedy in Brazil will increase, with more unemployment and the growth of informality. The social chaos will come with the end of the emergency aid, which will be valid starting this month. ”
Check the note from IndustriALL.
Ford flees Brazil and Bolsonaro and leaves unemployment trail
BRAZIL WITHOUT COURSE, WITHOUT INDUSTRY, WITHOUT JOBS, WITHOUT GOVERNMENT, WITHOUT THE FUTURE
The announcement of the closure of all Ford plants in Brazil (the SBC plant had already been closed in 2019) confirms the worst predictions and warnings from the union movement about the direction of the national economy. Again unilaterally, Ford informs that it will end its activities in the country, with the closure of the Camaçari-BA, Taubaté-SP and Horizonte-CE plants. The global company’s action is a consequence of the complete absence of a project to revive the Brazilian economy, which contemplates the country’s reindustrialization.
The unprepared and inept government of Bolsonaro and Guedes pretends to ignore the importance of industry as an engine of national development, does not present any strategy for the performance of industry in Brazil and condemns the country to a route of deindustrialization and divestment, as we have been warning for some time. Not only did we alert but we also made proposals, like Inovar-Auto.
The internal and international mistrust and the discredit regarding the direction of the Brazilian economy with this government that is there is undeniable; a business decision like this is not taken without considering the total incapacity of the Bolsonaro government.
At a time when the global auto industry is going through one of the most intense waves of transformation, guided by electrification and connectivity, we are witnessing the criminal omission, and even boycott, of the subservient Brazilian government to the industry, with harmful consequences for the working class, before a president unable to conduct any dialogue on the insertion of the country in the rapidly changing scenario.
Ford “flees” from Brazil, leaving a trail of unemployment and helplessness, after having used for many years the benefits and tax exemptions of the automotive regimes in force since 2001, which defined the company’s installation in Camaçari, as well as the permanence of its activities. activities in Ceará.
The company’s decision means about 50,000 jobs in the production chain around the three decommissioned plants, but Ford’s lack of commitment and respect for workers and society is no surprise.
The tragedy is even more evident considering the set of plants closed or with a closing announcement since 2019, and the impact on the different sectors of Brazilian industry, which downgrade our economic position in the global scenario in an accelerated and dramatic way.
Mismanagement sinks our population further into the precariousness, unemployment, discouragement and poverty roadmap. The disaster in driving the economy is marrying and is tragically completed with the health crisis.
Reversing this deviation is more than urgent. It’s our fight.
All solidarity with affected workers and families.
We are together in this fight !!!!!!!!
Aroaldo Oliveira da Silva, president of INDUSTRIALL Brasil
Paulo Cayres, president of CNM-CUT National Confederation of Metallurgists of CUT
Miguel Torres, president of CNTM-National Confederation of Metallurgical Workers of the Union Force and Force
Book addresses transformations in rap through changes in society
São Paulo – Society undergoes several changes, year after year, be it culturally, in its forms of organization, and even in new working methods. These transformations influence other segments, including Hip-Hop, rap and their MC battles. In view of this, social scientist Felipe Oliveira Campos, known as Felipe Choco, launched the book Rap, Culture and Politics: Battle of the Matrix and the Aesthetics of Entrepreneurial Overcoming, which addresses the digital and marketing influence within this culture.
A member of the Center for Studies and Research of Afro-America (Nepafro), Choco analyzes contemporary society using the Battle of the Matrix held in São Bernardo do Campo as a pillar since 2013, and considered a reference in the duel between MCs. The resistance of the event, the target of police repression and municipal administration, was the starting point for the author.
“When I face the Battle of the Matrix, it poses a number of questions that can be deepened, being able to understand it beyond the context of battles, as public spaces in cities”, he explains. “When the Battle of the Matrix emerged, I was part of the Hip-Hop Forum of São Bernardo do Campo, and mediated conflicts with the Government. Therefore, I realized that the conflicts that the battle created when occupying the public space, raised questions of general interest. So I used the Battle of the Matrix as a way to understand contemporary Brazil, ”added Choco.
In 2018, RBA reported the repression suffered by the battle of ABC Paulista. At the time, the management of the mayor of São Bernardo do Campo, Orlando Morando (PSDB), tried to “boycott” the traditional rap event in the city, by charging a fee for using the Praça da Matrix, in the city center. At various times, rapper Emicida went to the site to support young people.
While society sees new forms of organization, rap also adapts to these changes. The writer compares the professionalization of artists and battles to the industrialization of the city of São Bernardo do Campo and Posse Hausa, a black organization founded in the 1990s, focused on the Hip-Hop movement, whose majority of the members were workers in the ABC industry Paulista.
With the 2017 labor reform, by then President Michel Temer (MDB-SP), Felipe Choco explains that the social dynamics have also changed within the Hip-Hop culture. “Today, the organizers of the Battle of the Matrix are part of the service sector, without stability and without social protection. Therefore, the financial solution, among the organizers, was the professionalization of the event. This applies to the whole culture. ”
The main example used by the author of these social and economic transformations in rap is Emicida’s career. Coming from the Battle of Santa Cruz, disputed south of São Paulo, the rapper emerged using the main method of rhyming duels: the punchlines – in Portuguese, punch lines, used to impress the listener.
After the success, the rapper created his own musical label: Laboratório Fantasma. “Emicida created a horizon to organize its own career, without having to go through the distributors’ screen. In other words, it is the democratization of music production, distribution and consumption ”, said Choco, who recalls that the book’s presentation is signed by the MC.
Aesthetics of entrepreneurial overcoming
Based on the phenomenon achieved by Emicida, the social scientist points to the creation of a new aesthetic within rap: that of entrepreneurial overcoming. According to him, this aspect allows creative freedom and financial autonomy, creating a style of business organization.
“This overcoming does not mean denying the culture’s past, but advancing in the market sense, creating a mark around the artist”, he explained. The author quotes a statement by Mano Brown, a member of Racionais, where the rapper points out that the phonographic market is no longer just the commercialization of music, but also the image and positioning of MCs.
This aesthetic creates a new notion of work and organization, according to the author. “If we make a parallel with the industrial market, in the 1990s, work was in opposition to capital, where the organization of the workforce sought its valorization. Now, in the face of informality and the imposition that ‘each one is an entrepreneur of their own’, artists become their own business capital ”, he reiterates.
However, this entrepreneurial resilience does not only involve rappers and new independent labels, but also affects the battles of MCs, including the Matrix. With the rise of streaming platforms such as YouTube, duels have become more digital, have reached new audiences and created a new market.
“The Battle of the Matrix is a product of that condition that battles have become. Before the pandemic, every Tuesday, she mobilized 1,000 people in the square. Battles play a fundamental role in mutations and reinventions of culture, as was the case with punchline, taking a new breath in how to make and organize rap. These changes that occur in rap did not come out of nowhere, they are the result of social transformations ”, concludes Felipe.
Book addresses transformations in rap through changes in society
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