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For the ILO, work on digital platforms requires regulation and collective bargaining

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São Paulo – The lack of jurisprudence regarding workers linked to application companies, who use digital technology to mediate labor, is not a problem only in Brazil, but worldwide. The issue was exposed after the publication of the report “Employment and Social Issues in the World 2021”, released on February 23 by the International Labor Organization (ILO). The survey identified that digital work platforms have grown five times over the world in the last decade.

According to the UN agency, this increase brings opportunities, but also creates a series of challenges for workers and companies. On the one hand, says the ILO, these companies have created new “job opportunities” through the most flexible model of organization, particularly for women, people with disabilities and young people. On the other hand, the acceleration of this digital economy has changed the way work was organized and regulated. And the conditions for exercising the worker’s daily work began to be determined unilaterally – and by companies.

“Which translates into low pay, long hours of work, which do not provide access to social protection and which do not guarantee access to fundamental rights, such as freedom of association and collective bargaining”, noted the director of the ILO in Portugal, Mafalda Troncho , a UN News.

More uneven

Mafalda Troncho’s conclusions are based on interviews made for the report with about 12 thousand workers from 100 countries. Representatives of 85 digital platform companies spread across the globe were also consulted. The organization found that half of the workers earn less than $ 2 an hour. And the highest remuneration does not exceed the total of US $ 3.4. And, despite being an outstanding job opportunity for women, there is a disparity between the amount paid to them in comparison with the remuneration of men.

ILO data further reveal that the covid-19 pandemic has accentuated these difficulties. Due to the growth in unemployment, aggravated by the outbreak, thousands of workers were pushed to delivery services by applications or travel.

Another aspect raised is that the benefits of these corporations are not shared equally throughout the world. The report indicates that 96% of platform investments are concentrated in Asia, North America and Europe. And 70% of the revenues are in the hands of only two countries: the United States and China.

Regulation and collective bargaining

“It is a concentration on‘ half a dozen ’billionaires who are the major shareholders of these platform companies like Amazon, Uber, and so many others that have multiplied their numbers five times. But with a handful of people benefiting from it, while thousands work in a precarious manner, mainly in the countries of the (hemisphere) south ”, criticizes the secretary general of IndustriALL Global Union, Valter Sanches.

In an interview with Glauco Faria, from Current Brazil Newspaper, this Tuesday (2), he stressed that the ILO survey proves that the situation of these application workers is in fact “very precarious”. “They urgently need regulation and taxation for these companies and the possibility of collective bargaining for these workers to improve their benefits and working conditions”, he reinforces.

“It is the new form of slavery. Not for any other reason that in several countries there have been actions in court to try to curb these companies, because there is no regulation or collective bargaining. Many workers resort and there are already important cases. The case of Spain, which in September 2020 recognized the employment relationship. And, more recently in February, the UK Supreme Court also recognized the rights of 25 workers ”, comments the secretary general of IndustriALL.

:: For Labor inspectors, calling an application delivery person an ‘entrepreneur’ is a fallacy and hides a link

In Brazil, a recent report by Labor tax auditors, who followed the daily life of a group of Rappi deliverers, also concludes that the company is indeed an employer and its “employees” should have an employment relationship. According to Valter, recognition is important to guarantee labor rights.

Check out the interview

Copywriting: Clara Assunção

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Economy

Argentine President contaminated by covid-19 and fulfills isolation

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São Paulo – The president of Argentina, Alberto Fernández, informed on social media that he tested positive for covid-19, after showing symptoms of the disease. He said he is in isolation and has warned people with whom he has had contact in the past 48 hours. And he also reported that he had 37.3ºC of fever, in addition to feeling a slight headache.

The announcement was made this Saturday (3), the day after Fernández turned 62. “For everyone’s information, I am physically well and, although I wanted to end my birthday without this news, I am also in a good mood,” said the president.

He received the first dose of the vaccine (Sputnik) in January. The second, the following month. “I’m fine, I don’t have any symptoms. Only this fever from yesterday that I reported ”, he declared to the newspaper Clarín. “It is a very complicated virus, and the demonstration is that I got infected, even though I was vaccinated with both doses and with extreme care,” he added.

Former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who received the second dose of the vaccine today, sent a message of support to “Daqui do Brasil I send good energy, hoping for its prompt recovery. May soon overcome this disease to continue caring for the Argentine people. Hugs, mate! ”He wrote.

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