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For 82% of teachers, distance learning does not replace the replacement of classes



São Paulo – Remote education adopted by state and municipal networks across the country during the covid-19 pandemic is insufficient to replace face-to-face classes. This is what most (82%) of the teachers who participated in a survey conducted by the National Confederation of Education Workers (CNTE) think, in partnership with the Study Group on Educational Policy and Teaching Work at the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) . According to a report released today (29), there is also a large proportion (71%) of those who pointed out difficulties with the use of the technologies necessary to teach classes in this modality.

● Teachers are against going back to school without real control of the pandemic

More than half of the participants (53.6%) did not receive training through the education networks, which causes anguish and tension, impairing the teaching work. In addition, only three out of 10 basic education teachers have the technological resources necessary to carry out the activities.

There is a significant difference between those who had access to training in relation to the network to which they are linked. The percentage of teachers in municipal schools who did not receive any training is 53.6%, more than double those in state schools (24.6%).

For researchers, despite the lack of any training for the development of these activities, the category’s commitment to its students is clear. So much so that they look for ways to make the educational offer possible – which at the same time is an opportunity for professional growth and maturation.


In the perception of participating teachers, one in three students does not have the resources to follow classes and perform remote activities. And one in five of them has no autonomy to follow the classes. They depend on the help of family members to help answer questions and even to encourage them. Such limitations are an obstacle to the realization of this teaching modality.

Only 16% of the participants considered that the students’ involvement with the proposed activities was not affected by the distance classes. For them, participation remained the same or even increased. In general, the scenario imposed by the pandemic had a negative influence on high school, according to 45.8% of teachers, and in the final years of elementary school, according to 44.5% of them. There was a drastic reduction in participation in early childhood education, according to 34.1%, and in the early years of elementary school, according to the perception of 29%.

This negative impact can be explained by the fact that not all students have technological resources at home. For teachers, 75% of students do not have access to the resources necessary to follow classes, let alone carry out activities – another obstacle to the success of teaching in this modality. The situation only improves a little in the final years of elementary school.

Lack of investment

For the president of CNTE, Heleno Araújo, some points call attention. The first is the high participation of teachers in remote activities. “84% of them are involved in remote activities, using their equipment, their own internet, without the counterpart of the government to guarantee the necessary equipment for these classes. And just over half (51%) who have equipment share with the family, which also makes the work to be done more difficult ”, he said.

For the leader, there is a lack of investment by the government in the material and necessary equipment. The need is evidenced by the reduced participation of students, perceived by 82% of the participants, precisely because they do not have the necessary equipment, internet access and also do not have assistance from an adult at home to contribute to the performance of these tasks and encourage participation .

“The category’s major concern also draws attention. Only 17% say they are calm about this situation. 83% already have some level of concern, stress, fear, anxiety and other diverse fears throughout this pandemic ”, he said.

According to him, research is important to support the dialogue with municipal, state and Federal District governments both in protocols for the post-pandemic, as well as in the construction of consistent educational policies. “When 84% are involved in remote activity, even though the majority were not trained in this regard, it means that the training policy is very important to think about the future. And the set of these results, in addition to providing a picture of the increase in the pandemic, indicates proposals and actions for future policies in the area of ​​education. ”


Data were collected from June 8 to 30, using a questionnaire online self-applied, on the Google Forms platform. The research sample consisted of 15,654 teachers from public schools in basic education, who completed the questionnaire in full.

Women represent 78% of respondents. Half of them are women aged between 30 and 49 years. All states were covered by the survey, which provides information on the situation of remote work in the context of the pandemic across the country. Ceará, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraíba had greater participation, with more than a thousand participants each.

Click on here to access the full survey.

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‘Hypocrite’, Bolsonaro at UN blames victims of agribusiness and mining




São Paulo – The “hypocritical” speech with which President Jair Bolsonaro opened, this Tuesday (22), the 75th United Nations General Assembly (UN), seems to have been made to the internal public of Brazil, its voters. And not for other heads of state and external actors, as expected at the UN ”. The opinion is of Professor Miriam Gomes Saraiva, from the Department of International Relations of the State University of Rio de Janeiro (Uerj). “It looks like a speech to then take a piece and put it on a blog. For external effects, the impact is very bad, because, with regard to the environment and the pandemic, any head of government needs to ask its ambassador in Brazil. ”

For the teacher, Bolsonaro’s “hypocritical” speech at the UN is “disconcerting”. “It is difficult to even talk about it, because it is shocking. The military, in the past, tried to talk about the development of the Amazon, with Transamazônica, Zona Franca, a series of items that, although predatory, are even pointed out as development. But, Bolsonaro, not even that defends. He simply lies. It does not defend anything whatsoever. ”


In his speech, the head of state of the largest country in South America stated: “As happened in much of the world, a portion of the Brazilian press also politicized the virus (which causes covid-19), spreading panic among the population, under the motto ‘stay home and see the economy later’ ”. According to him, “they almost brought social chaos to the country”.

Indifferent to the environmental tragedy that befalls the Amazon and the Pantanal, Bolsonaro said that forest fires occur “where the caboclo and the indigenous people burn their gardens in search of their survival”, and that in Mato Grosso the cause is the “high temperature”.

He also said that the emergency aid paid in Brazil to the neediest in the context of the pandemic is one thousand dollars. The benefit amount, R $ 600, in today’s values, does not reach 110 dollars, and the last four installments, of R $ 300, will be R $ 55.

“The speech reveals a cold and persistent liar. It is an extremely unfair, aggressive speech that blames the victims of invasions (indigenous lands) and covers up the guilt of those responsible for the attacks on native peoples, their rights, their ways of existence, the environment and forests in Brazil, says Cleber Buzatto, deputy secretary of the Indian Missionary Council (Cimi). “We absolutely repudiate this disastrous attempt by President Bolsonaro to hold the original peoples responsible for what they are being victims of, the interests of agribusiness and mining, which he tries to protect,” he adds.

Economic causes

The only alternative for countries that care about the environment
environment, human and indigenous rights is to stop buying
products of mineral and agricultural origin from Brazil, believes Buzatto. “While
there is demand there will be violence and aggression on the part of these sectors and protection
them by the Bolsonaro government. ”

In the opinion of Gilberto Maringoni, professor of International Relations at the Federal University of ABC (UFABC), in his second appearance at the UN General Assembly, Bolsonaro expressed himself in a more moderate tone than in 2019. Last year, he still represented a novelty on the international scene, a scenario in which President Donald “Trump was surfing in popularity”.

In 2019, Bolsonaro stated that he took over a country “on the verge of socialism” and made reference to the Mais Médicos program. He cited the program implemented in Dilma Rousseff’s first term as “an agreement between the PT government and the Cuban dictatorship”. For Maringoni, in view of Trump’s likely defeat to Joe Biden in the American elections, Bolsonaro adopted a more moderate speech.

Bolsonaro’s “hypocritical” side at the UN was also exposed when mentioning the trade agreement between Mercosur and the European Union (EU) and with the European Free Trade Association. “These agreements have important clauses that reinforce our commitments to environmental protection,” he said. In reality, the deal is in check in Europe precisely because of the environmental “policy” of his government in Brazil.

European pressure

Social pressures against the agreement are increasing in Europe. On Friday (18), the French government strongly spoke against the trade agreement between the EU and Mercosur. The agreement has not yet been ratified, due to serious environmental problems in the countries of the South American bloc, Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay. Last year, with Decree No. 10,084, the president released sugarcane planting in the Amazon, the Pantanal and the Upper Paraguay Basin. Read the decree here.

But Bolsonaro continues to try to capitalize on the deal that has not yet been finalized, which is of more interest to European capitalism than, for example, to the industry of South American countries. “Most likely, he will continue to repeat this, that he managed to sign the agreement. It is possible that it will be ratified at some point, including after the end of the Bolsonaro government, ”says Miriam Gomes Saraiva.

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