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Five U.S. states approve marijuana legalization

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São Paulo – Plebiscites held in the USA approved the legalization of marijuana in five states. In the states of New Jersey, Arizona and Montana, the majority of voters voted on Tuesday for legalization for recreational use. In Mississippi, voters approved the medicinal use of the herb. In South Dakota, both uses have been legalized, according to the will of the majority of the population.

Marijuana legalization won in all states where there was consultation in the U.S. In New Jersey, it is still necessary to pass a state law to regulate the use of cannabis.

On the other hand, the inhabitants of the state of Oregon, on the west coast of the United States, decided to decriminalize the possession and use of small quantities of various drugs, including marijuana, cocaine and heroin.

Now, instead of imprisonment, anyone caught in possession of these substances could pay a fine of about $ 100 or get a free medical consultation to get rid of the addiction.

Oregon was also the first US state to release the therapeutic use of psilocybin, a hallucinogenic drug known as a magic mushroom. The substance is used to treat anxiety and other mental disorders. The use, however, should receive regulatory treatment from state authorities.

Good for everyone

After these plebiscitary decisions, which were carried out in conjunction with the presidential and legislative elections, more than two-thirds of the American states – 35 states in all – legalized medical cannabis. The recreational use of the herb for people over 21 has already been permitted in 14 of the 50 federation units.

In addition to the failure of criminalization policies and the call for individual freedom, the legalization of marijuana is advancing due to the economic strength of this new sector.

In 2016, in the previous elections, seven American states advanced in legalization. This process started in the 1990s, the United States is already the largest market on the planet. There are about 38 million declared users. Furthermore, according to data from the publication Marijuana Business Factbook, the annual sale of marijuana and derivatives in 2019 had an estimated revenue between $ 10.6 billion and $ 13 billion.

On the other hand, not only private interests have accrued benefits from legalization. According to official data, Colorado collected more than R $ 1 billion in taxes between 2014 – the year of legalization of recreational use – and 2019. The resources were invested in human services, public health, the environment and education, including the construction of new schools. Even the security area received part of the amounts collected.

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Economy

Private school owners drop out of process back to school

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São Paulo – Sieeesp, a union that represents private schools in the state of São Paulo, withdrew from a lawsuit filed against the capital’s city hall. In action, he asked for back to school for all stages of basic education – infant and fundamental. In a demonstration on the last day (1), the eve of the Black Consciousness holiday, Judge Renata Barros Souto Maior Baiao acknowledged the withdrawal of the process by Sieeesp. And he officiated the Public Ministry. In an order of November 12, prosecutor João Paulo Faustinoni e Silva, from the Special Education Action Group of the São Paulo Public Prosecutor’s Office, spoke out against the granting of an injunction and recommended that the process be forwarded to the City Hall.

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The private teachers ‘union (Sinpro-SP) also contested Sieeesp’s action, calling for the dismissal of school owners’ action to return to face-to-face classes. The day after the MP’s demonstration, Sieeesp decided to abandon the action.

Municipal decree 59,860, signed on October 23 by the city of São Paulo, even allowed the resumption of classroom activities in high school. But it did not include permission for activities in early childhood education (up to 5 years old) or in elementary school (6 to 14 years old). Sieeesp argued, in its action, that the decision “would not have scientific support and would violate the principle of isonomy”.

Rushed back to school

Fepesp – the state federation of teachers of private schools – even condemned the decision of Mayor Bruno Covas’ management to release back to school in high school. And also the action of Sieeesp. “We consider the return to face-to-face activities to be hasty, as it exposes teachers, employees and everyone involved in the school ecosystem to the risk of contagion due to the agglomeration caused in classrooms or on public transport”, says Fepesp, in a note.

“The risk is still present and it was for no other reason that we insisted – and won in court – on special protection not only for education professionals in groups at risk. But also to all teachers who live with elderly people, with comorbidities, who are recovering from childbirth. And, thus, included in risk groups. ”

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