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Experts point out ways to 5 years of setbacks in education

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São Paulo – The setbacks in Brazilian education since the 2016 coup are numerous. With the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff, Michel Temer (MDB) hastened measures that reached strategic points of the National Education Plan (PNE). Approved unanimously in 2014, the plan expands the Union’s investment to 10%. But it was committed to the approval of Constitutional Amendment (EC) 95/2016, of the spending ceiling.

But it was not just the limitation of Union spending to the previous year’s inflation and the suspension for 20 years of applications in health and education. There came the privatization of the pre-salt layer and threats, in the form of legislative proposals, to the sharing regime. These were sources of funds to improve the quality of education as a whole in the country.

The spending ceiling also represents setbacks in higher education. It reduced the budget of universities and federal institutes, and of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq). The MEC’s ​​discretionary budget was reduced from R $ 26.6 billion in 2016 to R $ 18.9 in 2020, the second year of the Bolsonaro government. The budget of the National Fund for Scientific and Technological Development (FNDCT) went from R $ 0.98 billion in 2016 to R $ 0.92 billion four years later.

Setbacks with Bolsonaro

The objectives of the 2016 coup would continue with the election of Jair Bolsonaro for the presidency of the Republic in 2018. On his second day of work, he extinguished the departments of Articulation with the Systems of Education and Continuing Education, Literacy, Diversity and Inclusion of the Ministry of Education. And it created a subsecretariat for the Promotion of Civic-Military Schools. The hiring of military personnel was regulated in the same year.

Bolsonaro made changes to the exams of the National High School Exam (Enem) following ideological criteria. And it also presented a project to regulate home education, opening space for large economic groups to provide advice to families.

The privatization proposal is also included in the Mais Brasil Plan (PEC 186/19; PEC 187/19; PEC 188/19), which extinguishes public funds, such as the pre-salt social fund, reduces the workload and the remuneration of civil servants up to 25%, eliminates the minimum investments in education and health, frees the government from expanding its network of schools in regions with a lack of places. It also opens the way for the implementation of the most varied privatization policies in the scope of basic education, including voucher policies.

Outputs

This is the summary of the retrospective of the PT’s Committee on Educational Affairs and the party’s Education and Culture Center, launched through the 2016 Balance of Education in the Country of the Coup to the Bolsonaro government. Launched during the PT’s 41st anniversary celebrations, it was organized by deputies Waldenor Pereira (BA) and Teresa Leitão (PE) from discussions in an internal seminar that discussed Brazilian education in the post-coup.

However, the specialists who participated in its elaboration also list ways to face this situation. The main one is the revocation of the spending ceiling, which compromises the financing of social policies and makes it impossible to meet the goals and strategies of the education plans.

But it is also necessary to fight in defense of the achievements of the new Fund for the Maintenance and Development of Basic Education and the Valorization of Education Professionals (Fundeb), the main source of funding for public basic education. The fund is in the sights of the Bolsonaro government, which wants to disengage resources constitutionally linked to education threatens the financing of public education in general.

Right to education

Experts recommend the resumption and strengthening of the actions developed before the coup: Aimed at rural, quilombola, special, indigenous education, youth, adults, the elderly and in prisons. Always from the perspective of the constitutional right to education.

The maintenance of the Pre-Salt Social Fund and its allocation to education, as well as the resources of the Fund for the Universalization of Telecommunications Services (FUST) are also recommended. This is to guarantee a public platform and high-speed internet for all public basic and higher education institutions in the country.

Also recommended are the defense and rescue of the PNE, the suspension of tax adjustment measures and labor legislation and the guarantee of a minimum income of one minimum wage for all households in the Single Registry, in addition to informal and unemployed workers.

Click on here to access the balance sheet with setbacks in education.

Copywriting: Cida de Oliveira – Edition: Helder Lima

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Argentine President contaminated by covid-19 and fulfills isolation

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São Paulo – The president of Argentina, Alberto Fernández, informed on social media that he tested positive for covid-19, after showing symptoms of the disease. He said he is in isolation and has warned people with whom he has had contact in the past 48 hours. And he also reported that he had 37.3ºC of fever, in addition to feeling a slight headache.

The announcement was made this Saturday (3), the day after Fernández turned 62. “For everyone’s information, I am physically well and, although I wanted to end my birthday without this news, I am also in a good mood,” said the president.

He received the first dose of the vaccine (Sputnik) in January. The second, the following month. “I’m fine, I don’t have any symptoms. Only this fever from yesterday that I reported ”, he declared to the newspaper Clarín. “It is a very complicated virus, and the demonstration is that I got infected, even though I was vaccinated with both doses and with extreme care,” he added.

Former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who received the second dose of the vaccine today, sent a message of support to “Daqui do Brasil I send good energy, hoping for its prompt recovery. May soon overcome this disease to continue caring for the Argentine people. Hugs, mate! ”He wrote.

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