São Paulo – Approved by the government base in the Chamber, transferring funds from the new Fundeb to the private network may withdraw R $ 15.9 billion from public education. This is what the National Campaign for the Right to Education and the National Association for Research in Education Financing (Fineduca) estimates, in a technical note released on Monday (14). According to the entities, if the diversion of public resources to the S System (Senai and Senac), and even schools linked to churches, is maintained in the Bill (PL) 4,372 / 2020 by the Senate, Brazilian municipalities, mainly poorest, “will have huge losses”.
In the plenary session of the Chamber that approved the PL for the regulation of the Fund for the Maintenance and Development of Basic Education and the Valorization of Education Professionals, the text suffered “setbacks” and was “disfigured” in the assessment of CNDE, Fineduca and National Confederation of Education Workers (CNTE).
The proposal went to the Senate vote, where it should be ruled this week. The expectation of the entities, however, is that the legislators “save Fundeb”.
Demobilization of the public network
Otherwise, the inclusion of institutions in the private network may cost R $ 6.4 billion for public networks in the Southeast. And up to R $ 4 billion for schools in the Northeast and R $ 2.5 billion in the South of the country. North and Midwest may also lose R $ 1.8 billion and R $ 1.3 billion, respectively.
According to the Campanha Campanha and Fineduca, this means R $ 3.7 billion less for public schools in São Paulo. And the withdrawal of R $ 1.5 billion from education in Minas Gerais. States like Bahia and Rio Grande do Sul may lose about R $ 1 billion each. While the private sector, with a reserve of 10% of primary and secondary education places, will receive R $ 10.2 billion.
By assigning to the private sector also the extracurricular activities offered during school hours, the sector will also earn an additional R $ 4.4 billion. The PL will also transfer an additional R $ 546 million to Sistema S, which currently receives at least R $ 21 billion per year from public resources. The equivalent of 0.3% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The entities also point out that another R $ 764 million will be sent to the private sector through article 7 of the text, which allowed unrestricted agreements with daycare centers, pre-schools and private institutions that offer special education.
Public money spree
For the professor at the Faculty of Education of the University of São Paulo (FE-USP) and director of CNDE, Daniel Cara, “there was a spree with public money in the Chamber of Deputies”. In an interview with Glauco Faria, from Current Brazil Newspaper, the educator says “what happened was one of the saddest pages in public education”. “Now it is up to the Senate to solve this problem”, he charges.
The original PL provided for transfers to private institutions in the case of day-care centers, pre-schools and rural education, which according to the entities, “there is a known lack of places”. When expanding the offer, explains Daniel Cara, the deputies “made an unconstitutional mistake”. “Article 213 of the Federal Constitution prohibits private establishments from receiving resources in primary and secondary education when these establishments are in municipalities that no longer need to create new enrollments”, he contests.
Controversies of the private sector
The technical note from CNDE and Fineduca also notes that “there is no lack of places in the public network of these teaching modalities”. State and municipal enrollment in education dropped from 36.2 million in 2007 to 28.1 million in 2019, according to the document. This reduction, of 8.1 million “indicates that the public system itself can incorporate possible increases in service more quickly and efficiently (economies of scale) than the private non-profit sector”.
Based on the 2019 School Census, the document also adds that the S System, despite already receiving public funds, is responsible for 1,365 schools distributed in only 10% of the municipalities. Most of them (72%) in cities with 50 thousand inhabitants or more.
“There is little capillarity in the country, in addition to charging monthly fees in many states”, criticizes the entities. The USP educator adds that the transfer is not audited. “And now they are going to receive more resources. There is a forecast that in three years, they can earn another R $ 7 billion ”, he says.
Defeat for public education
Daniel Cara also criticizes the performance of the opposition, which had been trying to block the setbacks foreseen in the PL together with its author, federal deputy Felipe Rigoni (PSB-ES). For him, the progressive field acted in a “messy” way by not guaranteeing that the mayor, Rodrigo Maia (DEM-RJ), and the leaders of the parties allied to the Bolsonaro government, would comply with the agreement made by the opposition with Rigoni.
“And the result was this. The Novo party, PSL, PSDB, part of the PSD, the parties that make up the center and the right ended up destroying the Fundeb text. They delivered R $ 15.9 billion to public schools that need it and do not have much money even with the approval of the new Fundeb ”, he says, in reference to the increase in the Union’s complementation, which will increase from the current 10% to 23% by 2026 .
“The Constitutional Amendment (108/2020) was a great victory, but they disfigured that victory and transferred it to the private sector. It is an overwhelming impact, something shameful. Concretely, public education was defeated ”, he evaluates. “Victorious is the private education sector, Rodrigo Maia and Jair Bolsonaro”.
However, there is still the expectation that senators will block the setbacks included in the PL. According to Daniel Cara, the National Campaign has been demanding that the Senate change the text, correcting these forecasts of the transfer of public money. “The Senate has all the conditions to resolve. It remains to be seen whether or not senators will want to be part of this spree with public funds committed by the Chamber, ”he warns.
CNTE, on the other hand, considers that the strategic option to better regulate Fundeb is for senators to abdicate voting on the bill. The federal government has already announced that if the regulation is not voted, by the end of the year, Fundeb will come into force through a Provisional Measure. The Confederation considers in a note that regulation via MP would be more prudent because it would require further evaluation by Congress within 120 days. A “more extended and participatory” period, in the CNTE’s assessment, which would give the entities the opportunity to debate and remove setbacks.
In view of these two possibilities, on social networks, entities, parliamentarians, representatives and supporters of public education also tweet with the hashtag # FundebÉPublicico and # FarraNoFundebNÃO !. The National Campaign also organizes an audience with senators and has been promoting a mobilization kit that illustrates the anticipated risks. The CNDE leader argues that it is necessary to “pressure the senators to make decisions consistent with the right to education”.
Check out some repercussions
Florestan Fernandes, in the book “Education and society in Brazil”, about the Campaign in Defense of Public Education, 1959-1961, processing of the 1st. LDB. Privatist interests always wanting to grab resources from public education! @joseserra_ @majorolimpio @maragabrilli # FundebÉPublicico pic.twitter.com/rEXNRkzxZQ
– iranasci (@iranasci) December 13, 2020
Public funds for Public Schools! We are not fighting for FUNDEB to admit setbacks now. On Tuesday (12/15) the Senate has a historic duty to repair the error that occurred in the chamber. # FundebÉPublico https://t.co/A1JPIghHUK
– Randolfe Rodrigues 🇧🇷 (@randolfeap) December 13, 2020
It is necessary to reinforce that # FundebÉPública, which maintains and promotes public education, including in areas in need. We cannot let the base of this Bolsonarist mismanagement make agreements that further harm the people.
– Benedita da Silva (@dasilvabenedita) December 11, 2020
UNFORTUNATE. A day that should be a party, with Fundeb regulations, ended with setbacks. We are AGAINST the use of Fundeb resources in the private network, but government officials continue with their dismantling project! If the Senate maintains this abuse, we will go to the STF.
– Alessandro Molon 🇧🇷 (@alessandromolon) December 11, 2020
incompetence, neglect, omission and violation, says expert
São Paulo – The record abstention (51.5%) on the first day of the National High School Examination (Enem) 2020 reflects the incompetence, neglect, undue omission of functional performance and violation of the duty of the Ministry of Education (MEC). The assessment was made today (18) by the executive president of the organization Todos pela Educação, Priscila Cruz.
Data from the National Institute of Educational Studies and Research Anísio Teixeira (Inep), the MEC organ responsible for the exam, of the 5,523,029 enrolled, 2,680,697 (48.5%) attended. A record abstention of 51.5%. In Enem’s 20 years, the record so far had been broken in 2009: 37.7%.
“The # Enem2020 with 51.5% effectiveness in excluding students”, Gregório Grisa, professor at the Federal Institute of Rio Grande do Sul (IFRGS) and specialist in educational data, recorded in his social networks.
The president of the National Union of Students (UNE), Iago Montalvão, recalled that the result confirmed the prognoses of the student entities. “Just as we said. Record abstention. Because the students didn’t want to take the exam. Not! Because they didn’t feel safe, and sometimes they were even prevented from entering crowded rooms. Another poorly organized Enem in the Bolsonaro government. The student loses! ”
Federal deputy Glauber Braga (Psol-RJ) mocked the Minister of Education, Pastor Milton Ribeiro. “The 1st day of Enem had a record abstaining of 51.5%. Most students did not. Several who were unable to enter and did not receive adequate satisfaction. The Minister of Education still had the courage to say that it was ‘a success’. The fight against denialism is daily. ”
Copywriting: Cida de Oliveira – Edition: Helder Lima
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