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Democrats give U.S. vice president ultimatum to oust Trump

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OperaMundi – The president of the United States House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, said on Sunday (10) that she is ready to start the second impeachment process against President Donald Trump, unless he is removed from office in the next few days. Democrats are determined to start a second impeachment process against Donald Trump, following the invasion of Congress last week. In the republican field, several parliamentarians are open to the idea of ​​supporting the measure. If convicted, Trump would become ineligible. But House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s first step will be to ask Vice President Mike Pence to remove Trump from disability, based on the 25th amendment to the constitution.

The 25th Amendment
allows the vice president to take the lead in the country when the president
unable to continue to perform their duties – for example,
example, if you become disabled due to a physical or mental illness. The
Democrats see Donald Trump as “unbalanced” and dangerous,
mainly after he encouraged his supporters to invade the
Capitol last Wednesday (1/6).

On Sunday,
House Speaker, Democrat Nancy Pelosi said
who will file an order this Monday (11/01) for Pence
activate, as a matter of urgency, the 25th amendment. The vice will have 24 hours of
term to position yourself.

Four days after the events on Capitol Hill, which left five dead and rocked the United States, Pelosi described the Republican president as an “imminent threat” against democracy and the American constitution.

Attack on democracy

“We will proceed with the presentation of impeachment legislation” to the House of Representatives plenary on Monday or Tuesday (11/11), if Trump is not removed from his office, “said Pelosi. “As the days go by, the horror of the continued attack on our democracy perpetrated by this president intensifies and also the immediate need for action,” he emphasized. The bill has already been drafted and has the support of around 200 deputies. After the vote in the House, the text goes to the Senate, which should only meet on the 19th, the eve of the inauguration of President-elect, Joe Biden.

Trump went on trial once in the Democratic-controlled House in December 2019 for pressuring the Ukrainian leader to investigate Biden, with the aim of undermining his chances of running for the 2020 presidential election. But he was eventually acquitted by Senate, with a Republican majority.

Nine days after Biden’s inauguration, the impeachment process is unlikely to go through, but Democrats have enough votes in the House to approve a new impeachment request and may even count on the support of some Republican lawmakers to begin the procedure. It is unlikely, however, that they will bring together the two-thirds majority needed to convict Trump in the Senate.

With information from RFI

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Economy

Book addresses transformations in rap through changes in society

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São Paulo – Society undergoes several changes, year after year, be it culturally, in its forms of organization, and even in new working methods. These transformations influence other segments, including Hip-Hop, rap and their MC battles. In view of this, social scientist Felipe Oliveira Campos, known as Felipe Choco, launched the book Rap, Culture and Politics: Battle of the Matrix and the Aesthetics of Entrepreneurial Overcoming, which addresses the digital and marketing influence within this culture.

A member of the Center for Studies and Research of Afro-America (Nepafro), Choco analyzes contemporary society using the Battle of the Matrix held in São Bernardo do Campo as a pillar since 2013, and considered a reference in the duel between MCs. The resistance of the event, the target of police repression and municipal administration, was the starting point for the author.

“When I face the Battle of the Matrix, it poses a number of questions that can be deepened, being able to understand it beyond the context of battles, as public spaces in cities”, he explains. “When the Battle of the Matrix emerged, I was part of the Hip-Hop Forum of São Bernardo do Campo, and mediated conflicts with the Government. Therefore, I realized that the conflicts that the battle created when occupying the public space, raised questions of general interest. So I used the Battle of the Matrix as a way to understand contemporary Brazil, ”added Choco.

In 2018, RBA reported the repression suffered by the battle of ABC Paulista. At the time, the management of the mayor of São Bernardo do Campo, Orlando Morando (PSDB), tried to “boycott” the traditional rap event in the city, by charging a fee for using the Praça da Matrix, in the city center. At various times, rapper Emicida went to the site to support young people.

Social transformations

While society sees new forms of organization, rap also adapts to these changes. The writer compares the professionalization of artists and battles to the industrialization of the city of São Bernardo do Campo and Posse Hausa, a black organization founded in the 1990s, focused on the Hip-Hop movement, whose majority of the members were workers in the ABC industry Paulista.

With the 2017 labor reform, by then President Michel Temer (MDB-SP), Felipe Choco explains that the social dynamics have also changed within the Hip-Hop culture. “Today, the organizers of the Battle of the Matrix are part of the service sector, without stability and without social protection. Therefore, the financial solution, among the organizers, was the professionalization of the event. This applies to the whole culture. ”

The main example used by the author of these social and economic transformations in rap is Emicida’s career. Coming from the Battle of Santa Cruz, disputed south of São Paulo, the rapper emerged using the main method of rhyming duels: the punchlines – in Portuguese, punch lines, used to impress the listener.

After the success, the rapper created his own musical label: Laboratório Fantasma. “Emicida created a horizon to organize its own career, without having to go through the distributors’ screen. In other words, it is the democratization of music production, distribution and consumption ”, said Choco, who recalls that the book’s presentation is signed by the MC.

Aesthetics of entrepreneurial overcoming

Based on the phenomenon achieved by Emicida, the social scientist points to the creation of a new aesthetic within rap: that of entrepreneurial overcoming. According to him, this aspect allows creative freedom and financial autonomy, creating a style of business organization.

“This overcoming does not mean denying the culture’s past, but advancing in the market sense, creating a mark around the artist”, he explained. The author quotes a statement by Mano Brown, a member of Racionais, where the rapper points out that the phonographic market is no longer just the commercialization of music, but also the image and positioning of MCs.

This aesthetic creates a new notion of work and organization, according to the author. “If we make a parallel with the industrial market, in the 1990s, work was in opposition to capital, where the organization of the workforce sought its valorization. Now, in the face of informality and the imposition that ‘each one is an entrepreneur of their own’, artists become their own business capital ”, he reiterates.

However, this entrepreneurial resilience does not only involve rappers and new independent labels, but also affects the battles of MCs, including the Matrix. With the rise of streaming platforms such as YouTube, duels have become more digital, have reached new audiences and created a new market.

“The Battle of the Matrix is ​​a product of that condition that battles have become. Before the pandemic, every Tuesday, she mobilized 1,000 people in the square. Battles play a fundamental role in mutations and reinventions of culture, as was the case with punchline, taking a new breath in how to make and organize rap. These changes that occur in rap did not come out of nowhere, they are the result of social transformations ”, concludes Felipe.

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