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Economy

Chamber approves Fundeb, but diverts public funds to Sistema S and even schools linked to churches

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São Paulo – By approving, on Thursday (10), the basic text of the bill that regulates the new Basic Education Development Fund (Fundeb), the main mechanism for financing basic education in the country, the Chamber of Deputies it also approved the withdrawal of 10% of the fund for private schools. The maneuver, carried out in the vote on the highlights of the main text, was considered “a blow” against public education. The text goes on to vote in the Senate.

In the approval, the Chamber of Deputies included, by means of a prominent amendment, the possibility of allocating 10% of Fundeb’s resources to community philanthropic institutions, confessionals and professional education. The maneuver also includes funds from schools linked to the S System (Senai and Senac) – already financed by the 2.5% tax on the payroll of Brazilian companies. These amounts are collected with the taxes of the National Social Security Institute (INSS).

Education experts and opposition MPs criticized the approved amendment. The Constitution already allows for the transfer of federal funds to community, confessional and philanthropic schools when there is a lack of places in public and elementary schools. “Today, there is no shortage of public enrollments in elementary and high school. What is lacking is a resource for these schools, ”says Daniel Cara, director of the National Campaign for the Right to Education and professor at the Faculty of Education at the University of São Paulo (USP). “When you increase the number of schools that can benefit from public resources, which is already too little, you are harming public schools even more,” he adds.

Privatize education

Daniel Cara also affirms that the change allows public resources to benefit schools linked to religious orders “extremely rich, who would already be able to carry out their philanthropic activities without State support.”

“To give public resources for private education is to privatize professional education in Brazil,” said Deputy Professor Rosa Neide (PT-MT). “Today we are destroying the Brazilian public school, we are putting Fundeb’s resources into the private sector. We are going back to before the 1988 constitution. ”

Deputy Alice Portugal (PCdoB-BA) said that there was a “deconstruction” of the spirit of the constitutional amendment approved this year by Congress, which made Fundeb permanent. “This will be judicialized because regulation cannot go against the text of the Constitution,” he complained.

The opposition criticized the highlights and denounced breach of agreement by the rapporteur, deputy Felipe Rigoni (PSB-ES). He argued that he kept the agreement and voted against the allocation of resources to System S, even though he was in favor of the measure.

Undoing

Deputy Waldenor Pereira (PT-BA) said that the changes made to the text “destroyed” the new Fundeb. “We came to the session to remove our obstruction. Removing all the highlights in the expectation that we would vote in favor and celebrate the consolidation of this great victory for Brazilian education, approving the Fundeb regulation on the agreed bases, ”he said.

On Twitter, professor at the Federal Institute of Rio Grande do Sul Gregório Grisa, master and doctor in Education, also criticized the result of the vote. The expert pointed out that, taking into account the private non-profit schools that could potentially benefit from the transfer of funds from Fundeb, 74% of enrollments are in richer cities, with the largest bands of the MHDI (between 0.5 and 0 , 7). The effect, therefore, will be the opposite of what is expected with the new rules of the main funding mechanism for public basic education, renewed this year.

Regulation is necessary for the fund’s resources to be available in January next year. Fundeb becomes permanent from 2021 to finance early childhood education and elementary and secondary education in public schools. The fund is comprised of 20% of the income from eight state and municipal taxes and amounts transferred from federal taxes. In 2019, Fundeb cost R $ 156.3 billion to the public network.

RBA Newsroom: Fábio M. Michel – With Agência Câmara, Portal Vermelho and G1

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Economy

Oil workers strike in six states against abuses and privatizations

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São Paulo – Oil tankers from Amazonas, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco and São Paulo started a strike this Friday (5). In addition, oil tankers from Bahia have also resumed the strike, after the failure of negotiations with Petrobras management. Another seven unions in the category are holding assemblies in the coming days to decide whether they will also join the strike.

In addition to the sliced ​​privatization of Petrobras subsidiaries, workers complain about worsening working conditions. They claim that bullying has become a “management tool”, used by the company’s management to pressure workers.

In addition to a policy to combat moral harassment, oil tankers also want an end to shift folds and extended working hours with the strike that broke out. They also demand the implementation of the collective bargaining agreement specifically for workers who work 12 hours a day.

According to the Single Federation of Oil Workers (FUP-CUT), workers are exhausted, “physically and psychologically”. The organization says there is no dialogue with the unions. On the other hand, the managements of Petrobras units subject the category to exhaustive hours and multifunctions, whether in face-to-face or remote work. In addition, the FUP also denounces compulsory transfers of workers and non-compliance with the Collective Agreement.

According to the federation, the current strike by oil tankers is “in defense of life, jobs and rights”. “We cannot admit that thousands of workers have their lives turned upside down, without the Petrobras management even accepting to negotiate alternatives proposed by the category. All this in the midst of the covid-19 pandemic, which is advancing on oil tankers, with hundreds of workers contaminated weekly due to the incompetence and negligence of the Castello Branco management, ”said the FUP, in a note.

Brazil

In Bahia, in addition to labor issues, oil tankers are also protesting the privatization of the Landulpho Alves Refinery (Rlam). They had gone on strike on 17 February. But the strike was suspended the next day, when Petrobras announced its intention to negotiate.

Last month, Rlam was sold to Mubadala Capital, Abhu Dhabi’s investment fund, for $ 1.65 billion. But, according to the Institute for Strategic Studies of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (Ineep), the refinery was sold for less than 50% of its value. According to calculations by the institute, Rlam’s market value would be between US $ 3 and US $ 4 billion.

Mobilization

In São Paulo, oil tankers from the Mauá (Recap) and Paulínia (Replan) refineries crossed their arms this morning. They protest the dismantling of Petrobras and the impacts of privatization on workers. In Espírito Santo, onshore oil tankers, in São Mateus, joined the strike. At the Manaus Refinery (Reman), with reduced headcount, workers complain that they are exposed to the daily risks of accidents and contamination by covid-19. In Bahia, the union denounces the presence of a strong police apparatus on the outskirts of Rlam.

“Fair price” fuels

This Thursday (4), the oil tankers participated in the demonstrations called by the centrals in favor of employment, vaccination for all and emergency aid of RS 600. In partnership with CUT and social movements, Petrobras workers sold “fair price” fuels in nine states. Taxi drivers, drivers and application deliverers were able to purchase gasoline for R $ 3.50 a liter. In Salvador, truck drivers were also able to refuel by paying R $ 3.09 per liter of diesel.

Fuel discounts served to protest the International Price Parity (PPI) policy, which has been adopted by Petrobras since 2016. In other words, linked to the value of a barrel of oil in the market, coupled with the devaluation of the real in the last period, the fuel prices have exploded. As a result of this policy, gasoline registered an accumulated increase of 41.5%, only in 2021. In diesel, the increase reaches 34.1%.

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