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CGT leader turns 100, and centrals highlight their fight for rights

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São Paulo – Remaining union leader of the General Workers’ Command (CGT), an organization created in August 1962 and dissolved after the 1964 coup, Clodesmidt Riani turns 100 this Thursday (15). He is recovered from covid-19 infection, which left him hospitalized for 10 days in Juiz de Fora (MG), where he lives since he was 6 years old – he was born in Rio Casca.

To mark the date, the union centrals published an article in his honor. THE TVT will broadcast the documentary at 5:30 pm Trajectory – Clodesmitd Riani, by Adriano Medeiros and Aline Moura. In addition, on the 29th, at 7 pm, the entities will hold a virtual debate on the history of unionism and the CGT. Formed by union members linked to the PTB and the PCB, the entity supported the João Goulart government.

Riani lives with one of his daughters, in the center of the mining town. He had 10 children, two of whom died, 20 grandchildren and 25 great-grandchildren. Because of the pandemic, there will be no celebration. Public tributes had to be suspended.

Transformations in the country

“The last 100 years were, it can be said, the construction of an urban and industrial country. And for Riani, these transformations were not just witnessed. They were, in many cases, the results of actions in which the union leader was directly involved ”, affirm the centrals. “If Orlando, her father, had been through years of work without the rights provided for in the CLT, Clodesmidt himself would only come to know her ten years after the year he started working in a fabric factory.”

The Consolidation of Labor Laws was created in 1943. The centrals also mention “the conquest and universalization of the minimum wage, the Strike of 300 thousand, in 1953, the CGT, the 13th salary law”. In addition to the resistance to the dictatorship, the process of redemocratization and the construction of the “citizen” Constitution of 1988. All these factors, plus “the maturing of Brazilian unions and union centrals, separate today’s workers from those of a hundred years ago”, recall current leaders.

Riani, PTB, Vargas, Jango

In the text, they also remember the entry of the CGT leader in the “PTB de Vargas and de Jango”, in 1950, for which he was elected state deputy. In unionism, before the CGT (“embryo of contemporary union centrals”), he commanded the National Confederation of Industrial Workers (CNTI). After 1964, he was revoked and arrested. “But he couldn’t be on any other side than those who suffered the hardships of the coup, as well as Gregório Bezerra, Hércules Correia, Afonso Dellelis, the railroader Raphael Martinelli, his friend from the CGT, the weaver Maria Sallas Dib, among many others . ”

For union members, Riani participated in events “that not only made unionism more politicized, but also gave the movement the strength to intervene directly in politics”. In addition, it paved the way for the collective effort for changes in Brazil. “Although social inequality is still an obstacle to the country’s economic and civilizing development, the current situation of the working class is not comparable to the misery to which it was subjected until the 1930s.”

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Economy

11 million Bolivians will have free vaccine against covid

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São Paulo – Former Bolivian President Evo Morales commented, this Wednesday (21st), the importance of youth in the electoral process that led Luis Arce, from the Movement to Socialism (MAS), to victory in the presidential election of October 18 . “Young people saw what it is like to live under the right and the dictatorship. And they reflected on how we were with our revolution and how we were under the coup, ”he said. Evo was overthrown by a coup in November 2019 that brought lawyer and TV presenter Jeanine Áñez to the presidency. With 90% of the official count completed. at 3:40 pm on this Wednesday (21st), Luis Arce approaches 55% of the valid votes. “What was at stake on October 18 was to go back to the past with the privatists or continue to the future with the nationalists,” said Evo Morales in an interview with Breno Altman (watch below).

Asked how the country will recover from the economic crisis aggravated by the coronavirus pandemic, he replied that it will be with the presence of the state. The Bolivian guaranteed that Bolivia will normalize relations with China, Cuba, “some European countries” and Russia. “Those who once asked for market, market, market, now say State, State State, in the face of the pandemic.”

Vaccine against covid-19

“We are going to face the pandemic. When we have the vaccine, we will distribute it to all 11 million Bolivians for free. ” According to him, tackling the pandemic and the crisis will be done through joint work between the federal government, governors and mayors.

In Brazil, President Jair Bolsonaro not only boycotts health policies, but goes further. On Wednesday, he forbade the country to buy the Chinese vaccine CoronaVac, which would have 46 million doses through negotiations with the state of São Paulo announced the day before by the Minister of Health, Eduardo Pazuello. “I don’t give up my authority”, justified the Brazilian’s head of state.

South America

About neighbors in South America, Evo Morales highlighted the “profound ideological and programmatic difference” between MAS and the president of Chile, Sebastián Piñera, from Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, and the former Argentine president Mauricio Macri. But it was diplomatic. “Whether it is left or right, we must work together respecting our differences. South Americans cannot be isolated, ”he said.

Morales acknowledged that he may have been mistaken as president. “I was wrong, but I am a human being,” he said. “Now we have experience in public management, and we are going to take Bolivia forward, united, organized.” He affirmed that the new government will make “a pact of union between the parties of the right, businessmen and workers, a great national agreement, to raise the economy”, adding: “The moment is to consolidate our process of change, democracy does not end on election day ”.

Evo has been in Argentina since December 2019, where he went into exile after the coup in the country. He said that the return to his country still has no forecast. In an interview with BBC Brazil, the president-elect was not positive about the possible participation of the ex-president in the new government. “If Evo Morales wants to help us, he will be very welcome. But that does not mean that Morales will be in the government. It will be my government, ”he said.

Check out Evo Morales interview with Breno Altman

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