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Bolsonaro’s special education policy masks dispute over resources

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São Paulo – For the psychologist, pedagogue and doctoral student in Education at the University of São Paulo (USP), Isabel Rodrigues, the new National Special Education Policy (PNEE), presented by the Jair Bolsonaro government for students with disabilities, has “a resource dispute “between” segregating institutions that are named as special schools “. Published in a decree (nº 10.502) at the end of September, the measure is seen as a threat to inclusive education, provided by law since 2009.

In an interview with Glauco Faria, from Current Brazil Newspaper, Isabel, who is also an advisor to the Vladimir Herzog Institute (IVH), points out that the new policy extinguishes the idea of ​​inclusive education by proposing that specialized classes lead the learning of students with disabilities. What, in practice, are institutional spaces apart from the regular school, where these people will not have their rights guaranteed.

“I have no doubt that one of the intentions is to allocate part of the resources to institutions that previously received the resources to exist through health, social assistance and education. And as of 2008, with the proposal for inclusive education, they lost a large part of the education resource. Since then, there has been some pressure to return to a level of funding ”, says the psychologist and pedagogue.

Articulation

As reported by RBA, since it was announced by the president, the measure has been the target of numerous criticisms from entities and movements of people with disabilities. In the Chamber of Deputies, for example, there are at least six draft legislative decrees (PDL) that call for their suspension. Senator Fabiano Contarato (Rede-ES) also presented PDL 437 in the Legislature to counter the effects of the decree.

In parallel, the public ministries of São Paulo and Paraná also emphasize that the new PNEE is unconstitutional. And it represents a setback from the legal point of view. This is because there is a “confusion” between the offer of the right to education and the offer of the right to specialized education. This reduces the participation of people with disabilities in education. In practice, Bolsonaro’s measure is far from guaranteeing access to regular education by proposing the so-called specialized classes as a teaching modality.

According to Isabel, due to pressure contrary to the decree, movements and entities have already obtained an urgent request for voting in the Chamber. “Now (mayor) Rodrigo Maia rules and the decree is revoked ”, he comments. Through social networks, supporters also use the hashtag # EscolaEspecial NãoÉInclusiva.

Against barriers

“We know from the history of these institutions that the characteristics they develop are more located in the field of health than education. These institutions had their historical role at a time when there were no public policies for access and guarantee of the rights of this population ”, observes the psychologist and pedagogue about the period before Decree 6,949 of 2009. The measure was the law that gave force to the Convention International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, signed by 160 countries two years earlier.

“Based on a convention, ratified in Brazil with constitutional status since 2009, it seeks to guarantee a change of perspective from a medical model, which located the disability in the person’s body, to a social model. So disability is not something that the person suffers from or the door. It is located at the meeting of the person with society. Society promotes barriers for these people. The person who is a wheelchair user and does not find ramps around the city, he will be more excluded than a person who lives in a city where accessibility is guaranteed in all buildings. In the same way it is the school ”, compares Isabel, reinforcing the importance of inclusion in the regular school.

“Offering the production of accessibility resources, breaking barriers that may exist and providing the learning of these children with disabilities with children without disabilities in the same space”, he concludes.

Check out the interview

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=te_iSEVioAw

Copywriting: Clara Assunção – Edition: Helder Lima

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Economy

Banda Novo Planeta brings maturity and vibrant message in debut single

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São Paulo – The São Paulo band Novo Planeta debuted, this Friday (30th), on all digital platforms, with their first single Message from Jah, one of the five tracks of the project The Bonanza, which has no release date yet. In this first work, the four members of the group show maturity through a vibrant message.

The union came about after sharing the same passion for Brazilian popular music and also for poetry. Another common denominator, which resulted in the group’s sound aesthetics, is that everyone was inspired, since much younger, in groups that made history in Brazil, such as O Rappa, Charlie Brown Jr and Natiruts.

The group promises to bring songs filled with inspiration in its main references. In a constant process of transformation, the band brings songs that can be a breath in times of a Brazil marked by adversity.

Before the emergence of the current name, Novo Planeta, the quartet had already met and presented themselves as Made In THC, which later became New Planet. In 2018, they played at Matilha Cultural, an important and historic space in downtown São Paulo, responsible for being the gateway for many independent artists on the circuit.

In the band Novo Planeta, Dimas Santos, Mano Bob, is responsible for the voice and guitar. Gabriel Ramalho, known as Ramall, works on percussion and second voice. Meanwhile, Henrique Naske plays the drums and Rafael Almeida, the guitar.

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