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Bolsonaro’s policy for people with disabilities goes back 30 years

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São Paulo – The Jair Bolsonaro government’s policy for people with disabilities goes back 30 years, says collective activist Helen Keller, Mariana Rosa. Launched on Wednesday (30) by the government, the new National Special Education Policy: Equitable, Inclusive and with Lifelong Learning (PNEE 2020) has received criticism from several entities that fight for the rights of people with disabilities. Established by decree No. 10,502 signed by the president, PNEE 2020 can open the door for regular schools to adopt a discriminatory stance. One of the objectives of the proposal is to expand specialized educational services, that is, isolated spaces for students with disabilities.

The measure violates the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, signed by 160 countries in 2007, including Brazil. In addition to violating Decree 6,949 of August 2009, which gave the Convention the force of law. And it goes over the Brazilian Inclusion Law, as listed by the activist for the right to inclusion and member of the collective Helen Keller, Mariana Rosa in an interview with Glauco Faria, from Current Brazil Newspaper.

The text of the decree determines that families will be able to choose in which educational institution the child can study. Establishing from inclusive regular schools, to special or bilingual deaf schools. But in practice, this choice tends not to exist, as Mariana explains.

Segregating and deleting

“You would have a choice if we had a systematic and important investment in the qualification of education, of teachers, of their remuneration, in the democratic management of schools, in accessibility, in resources. Then the school would be very good, the public school, regular, would be good enough and we could choose. Now, since there is a project to dismantle the public school, what was foreseen in the National Policy on Special Education, in the perspective of inclusive education, which is also 12 years old, has not been fully accomplished, so what are we going to choose? We didn’t even do our homework, to implement what was foreseen by this policy back then. We are deciding to take a step 30 years ago, without us having advanced to the point of being able to choose ”, contests the activist.

Involving the ministries of Education and Women, the Family and Human Rights, the proposal did not guarantee the same space for institutions that represent people with disabilities. And it was taken “without any democratic support”, as Mariana points out.

The mother of a child with a disability, the activist can affirm that “Brazilian society and education have much more experience in segregating, excluding than including”. Mariana says that, even with the PNEE in force since 2008, at least six schools denied her daughter an enrollment. The practice, previously contrary to the law, now gains breach due to Bolsonaro’s decree.

“You imagine that the school can say ‘look, I’m not prepared, go to that special school that they can there’. Of course, she will be taken to a special school. So, it is a fallacy for us to say that we will have a choice, we will not have a choice, it was never about that ”, he points out.

School is to be school

According to the activist, it is the inclusion of people with disabilities that is at risk. She, for example, “who would perhaps be a classic family who would refer their daughter to a specialized school, because my daughter is very dependent. She does not walk, she does not speak, she needs support for all daily activities, it is not very obvious how she builds knowledge and communicates ”, as she reports, even so she insisted on enrolling the child in a regular school, because it is the institution, as it guarantees, “that has to improve”.

“I want her to be in regular school, and for this public school, free, secular and of quality to be up to it”, she highlights. “The school that has to improve and not go back, get worse, divide education and segregate people. What will we learn from this as a society? That we have to separate some types of difference? Is that what we want? ”, Asks Mariana.

“This is a move that values ​​the process of segregation, which is even, at least until today, unconstitutional, in addition to being immoral, discriminatory, capacitist and violator of rights”, he points out. The new policy is now up to the federated entities, who can choose voluntarily whether they will join or not. To those who choose, the Bolsonaro government has already declared that it will give incentives. Without the proper appreciation of the public school, the option of the PNEE will jump in the eye, predict the entities.

Economic interests

This scenario had already been warned by RBA when, in a report earlier this year, researcher Meire Cavalcante, from the Faculty of Education and the Laboratory of Studies and Research in Teaching and Difference (Leped), of the State University of Campinas (Unicamp), warned that the Bolsonaro government would continue the dismantling of the PNEE started under Michel Temer. At the time, the researcher already pointed out that what was at stake was the interest of certain institutions “that benefit from the segregation of human beings and special classes economically”.

Mariana agrees. “There are a lot of mixtures there and in the end it’s not about human rights, the rights of people with disabilities. It is about economic interest ”, he guarantees.

The society we want

“I understand the families of children with disabilities who find support and support in specialized institutions, because there, children and young people have speech therapy, physiotherapy and occupational therapy services. But the school must have the place of school. It is the place to teach and learn. If we replace this with a therapeutic experience, we are sending a message to society that people with disabilities do not learn, that in fact they need to be treated so that they can perform within a certain standard that has been established ”, he warns the activist and member of the collective Helen Keller.

“Instead of people valuing what each one is, we are trying to frame, shape by means of therapeutic processes. This is not the place of the school, the place of the school is to value difference, to learn and live with it. And to do the therapeutic treatment, which is important, we turn to SUS (Unified Health System) and SUAS (Unified Social Assistance System) ”, concludes at Current Brazil Radio. Even with the decree, activists, committed entities and people with disabilities remain in resistance to this process.

Check out the interview

Copywriting: Clara Assunção – Edition: Helder Lima

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Economy

Banda Novo Planeta brings maturity and vibrant message in debut single

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São Paulo – The São Paulo band Novo Planeta debuted, this Friday (30th), on all digital platforms, with their first single Message from Jah, one of the five tracks of the project The Bonanza, which has no release date yet. In this first work, the four members of the group show maturity through a vibrant message.

The union came about after sharing the same passion for Brazilian popular music and also for poetry. Another common denominator, which resulted in the group’s sound aesthetics, is that everyone was inspired, since much younger, in groups that made history in Brazil, such as O Rappa, Charlie Brown Jr and Natiruts.

The group promises to bring songs filled with inspiration in its main references. In a constant process of transformation, the band brings songs that can be a breath in times of a Brazil marked by adversity.

Before the emergence of the current name, Novo Planeta, the quartet had already met and presented themselves as Made In THC, which later became New Planet. In 2018, they played at Matilha Cultural, an important and historic space in downtown São Paulo, responsible for being the gateway for many independent artists on the circuit.

In the band Novo Planeta, Dimas Santos, Mano Bob, is responsible for the voice and guitar. Gabriel Ramalho, known as Ramall, works on percussion and second voice. Meanwhile, Henrique Naske plays the drums and Rafael Almeida, the guitar.

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