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Bolsonaro government reduces minimum investment per student and deputy sees ‘coup against Fundeb’

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São Paulo – Through an interministerial decree, the government of Jair Bolsonaro changed the operational parameters of the Fund for Maintenance and Development of Basic Education and Valorization of Education Professionals (Fundeb) for the year 2020. The measure, published this Thursday (26) in extra edition of Federal Official Gazette (DOU), decreases the national minimum amount to be invested per student annually.

According to the text, this amount will be reduced from R $ 3,643.16 to R $ 3,349.59, minus 8%. By law, the amount should reach a level sufficient to guarantee a nationally defined minimum quality standard.

The ordinance, however, not only reduces but is already in effect “with financial effects as of January 1, 2020”. The adjustments resulting from the changes “must be made by Banco do Brasil, within 30 days”, points out the publication, signed by the Ministers of Education, Milton Ribeiro, and of the Economy, Paulo Guedes.

Attack on the new Fundeb

The reduction in the minimum value also occurs at a time when the government is about to start contributing a higher percentage, 12%, as of next year. The increase in participation was achieved with the approval of Novo Fundeb. A historic vote that made it permanent and constitutional despite opposition from the Bolsonaro government. By 2026, the Union should be responsible for 23% of the complementation.

The general coordinator of the National Campaign for the Right to Education, Andressa Pellanda, used social networks to challenge this year’s decrease in resources. “When we approve a permanent Fundeb that requires more resources and the government loses, what does it do? Canetada ”, he quipped.

Bolsonaro’s Ordinance is ‘criminal’

Built with the participation of society through debates and mobilization of entities, such as the National Campaign, Fundeb is considered the main instrument to prevent inequalities and ensure quality public education in the country.

According to Andressa, the government should act to increase the value of investment per student, as well as the transfer of education funding to “respond to the effects of the crisis” in the sector caused by the new coronavirus pandemic. But, for 2021, the Ministry of Education should cut its budget by R $ 1.4 billion.

In a technical note, published on October 1, the Coalizão Direitos Valem Mais, estimates that the budget should be R $ 181.4 billion, in total. That is, R $ 36.8 billion more than what is foreseen in the Annual Budget Bill (PLOA) next year, with R $ 144.5 billion. “Countries that best responded to the covid-19 crisis in education HAVE INCREASED funding and is recommended by the UN Rapporteur, Koumbou Boly Barry”, highlighted the general coordinator on Twitter.

Federal deputy José Guimarães (PT-CE) called the ordinance “criminal”. On Friday (29), the parliamentarian filed a Legislative Decree Project (PDL) 490/2020 to stop the effects of the measure. “A blow to education and articulation that culminated in the constitutionalization of the fund. We will not accept it ”, he wrote on his networks.

Writing: Clara Assunção. Edition: Glauco Faria

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Economy

Argentine President contaminated by covid-19 and fulfills isolation

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São Paulo – The president of Argentina, Alberto Fernández, informed on social media that he tested positive for covid-19, after showing symptoms of the disease. He said he is in isolation and has warned people with whom he has had contact in the past 48 hours. And he also reported that he had 37.3ºC of fever, in addition to feeling a slight headache.

The announcement was made this Saturday (3), the day after Fernández turned 62. “For everyone’s information, I am physically well and, although I wanted to end my birthday without this news, I am also in a good mood,” said the president.

He received the first dose of the vaccine (Sputnik) in January. The second, the following month. “I’m fine, I don’t have any symptoms. Only this fever from yesterday that I reported ”, he declared to the newspaper Clarín. “It is a very complicated virus, and the demonstration is that I got infected, even though I was vaccinated with both doses and with extreme care,” he added.

Former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who received the second dose of the vaccine today, sent a message of support to “Daqui do Brasil I send good energy, hoping for its prompt recovery. May soon overcome this disease to continue caring for the Argentine people. Hugs, mate! ”He wrote.

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