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Bankers protest against layoffs at Itaú during pandemic

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São Paulo – Banco Itaú broke the agreement with the union movement and began a process of layoffs in the middle of the coronavirus pandemic, after profiting R $ 8 billion in the first half of 2020. To protest, bankers promote a “tweet” with the hashtag # ItaúNoDemitaMyParents on social networks.

According to the bank, which agreed not to fire employees during the covid-19 crisis, layoffs are due to “poor performance” of employees. However, workers deny Itaú’s version.

“I had an excellent performance and an excellent relationship, and I was dismissed alleging behavior and no longer having the bank’s profile. The coordinator who carried out our dismissals is the champion of complaints of conduct and posture in the area and the one who most dismisses ”, reports one of the dismissed workers.

At Itaú, there were around 400 layoffs, mainly in the Vehicles sector. “After we closed the national campaign for bank employees, Itaú started to fire. The bank donated R $ 1 billion in the pandemic, but resigns. Was that just marketing? How is your image, knowing that the Itaú brand is the most valuable in the country and is laying off? ”, Asks the president of Contraf-CUT, Juvandia Moreira.

Layoffs

It is not just Itaú that continues to disregard agreements. Santander is the bank that fired the most during the pandemic. Since May, around a thousand bank workers have been dismissed. According to Contraf, there is no economic justification for the dismissals made.

Itaú union leader and bank officer Valeska Pincovai says that the layoffs show two serious problems: the neglect of Itaú’s management and the harassment of managers. “They don’t mind sending hundreds of workers out into the street in the midst of a very serious crisis that keeps 13 million people unemployed, but that hasn’t left the bank even close to making a loss – on the contrary, it continues to make astronomical profits.”

The bank calls on bank workers to demonstrate on social networks against layoffs. “It is important that the largest number of people participate in these virtual mobilizations, because banks are extremely sensitive to their own image, and we have to expose the inhuman conduct of these financial institutions to society,” concluded Valeska.

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Economy

more unemployment and more informality

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São Paulo – Government, businessmen and some parliamentarians were in tune with the defense of the bill that, if approved, would lead to the creation of Law 13,467 in 2017. The so-called labor reform, after all, would lead to the creation of millions of jobs. This would happen to the extent that it would end the rigidity of the legislation, which they treated as being “plastered”, facilitating hiring and giving the much-needed “modernization” to the Brazilian labor market.

Because the law completed three years on November 11 “and nobody celebrated, not even timidly”, recalls analyst Marcos Verlaine, from the Inter-Union Department of Parliamentary Advisory (Diap). “Among the expectations generated by the authors, the government of that time, the businessmen, who sponsored, defended and acted strongly in Congress to approve it, the media and reality, remained the harsh reality”, he says, in an article. He defines the measure passed by Congress as a “capital Trojan horse” to implode labor rights.

Collective bargaining?

The insistent defense of the “negotiated over the legislature”, a recurring expression at the time, was not to privilege negotiation, notes the analyst. “It was to remove rights, since the negotiations – both CCT (ccollective labor agreements) and ACT (collective labor agreements) – they never prevented, on the contrary, that the conventions surpass the CLT, nor that the agreements surpass the conventions. ”

The “millions” of jobs did not come, even before the pandemic. The growth in occupation was basically due to informal work. In 2016, the year before the “reform”, the country had 10.1 million unpaid employees in the private sector and 22.4 million self-employed workers. Last year, they were 11.6 million and 24.2 million, respectively (check table). The data are from the National Household Sample Survey (Pnad) Continua, from IBGE.

Modernization or precariousness?

Employment with a wallet fell. And the Gini index at work, which measures inequality, which until 2015 fell, rose again the following year and has not stopped.

The “reform” introduced hiring modalities, such as intermittent work. They were also presented as items of the necessary “modernization”, but union members and researchers identify them as additional signs of precariousness in the market. Although still small, the participation of the intermittent modality has been growing.

This week, the Federal Supreme Court (STF) began to judge direct actions of unconstitutionality against intermittent work. In his vote, the rapporteur, Minister Edson Fachin, considered the item unconstitutional and causing damage to workers’ health. But his colleagues Kassio Nunes Marques and Alexandre Moraes were in favor of the sport. The trial was interrupted by a request for view from Minister Rosa Weber.

If it is impossible to revoke the law in its entirety, Verlaine suggests specific changes, citing intermittent hiring. “It is necessary to negotiate with all political and social actors in order to bring about changes in this scorched earth scenario” he argues.

read more: ‘Labor Reform’: Stories of a False Promise and Changes in ‘Endless Destruction’

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