São Paulo – Ana Júlia Ribeiro became famous in 2016, when at the age of 16 she spoke to the plenary of the Legislative Assembly of Paraná against the reform of high school and the cut of resources for education. It was the time of the occupation of public schools across the country, the Occupies. And also the year of the approval of Constitutional Amendment 95, which established the infamous Ceiling of Expenses. Approved under President Michel Temer and maintained by Jair Bolsonaro, the law freezes resources for areas such as health and education for 20 years. An announced tragedy. Now Ana Júlia is in the fight against the militarization of the school from which she left anonymity, Cesmag, or Colégio Estadual Senador Manoel Alencar Guimarães. And 214 other schools in the state appointed by the Paraná government of Ratinho Júnior (PSD) to be militarized.
Cesmag was founded in 1905 and Ana Júlia studied there between the academic years of 2014 and 2017. In 2016, alongside other colleagues, she founded the first public school student union. Currently studying Law and Philosophy, and candidate for councilor of Curitiba by PT, Ana Júlia joined today (30) with a popular action against the militarization of public schools. The action points out that Law 20.338 / 20, which institutes the Civic-Military Schools Program in Paraná, establishes that the choice of educational institutions to be part of the program must respect the will of the school community. This would be done through a public consultation that lasted four days and is happening in a run over way, informs the student.
In addition, the government would be using state funds to propagate the project, hurting public morality, explains the young woman. Thus, Ana Júlia demands from the Justice the granting of advance protection of urgency to determine the suspension of the harmful act to schools and the educational community of Paraná.
The announcement of the militarization of Cesmag, recalls Ana Júlia, was made on October 26, the same day that four years ago the young woman spoke at the Alep tribune. “Secondary occupations also discussed a decentralized school, less hierarchical, with more autonomy and that worked with the complete emancipation of students, considering the social and economic space that we, the children of public schools, occupy”, he recalls. “Now, Governor Ratinho Junior wants to insert the militarization of public schools and try to turn students into a downcast army. They want to transform us into a troop of non-thinkers, ”he criticized on his social networks.
The young woman is against militarization also because it is an exclusive project. “It is an attack on the public conception as a whole. It is different from a military police college that has structure, a lot of investment per student, sports, leisure, other activities. Militarized schools are not like that. It is just a control of military management. The military director will be there to supervise, guard, censor ”, he warns.
And he points out that the project is being “sold” as if it were going to bring more investments to public schools. “But they are investments that do not resolve structural issues or demands that we have in education today.” And it gives examples. “They will allocate more resources because they will pay for uniforms for students. Only nowadays there is this requirement in schools and the state does not pay. So we see a populist, demagogic agenda there. If that were really a concern, it was just paying for the uniforms for the students ”, compares Ana Júlia, explaining the many reasons to be against militarization.
Delete and mute
For her, what is behind the proposal of militarization against which she is fighting is also censorship of students. “So much so that we see this happening precisely in schools where there is a stronger student movement or where there was some political participation”, such as Cesmag. “The militarization project comes in the direction of curbing this type of demonstration when it is stated that students who do not adapt to the model will be expelled from school and will lose their enrollment”, he denounces. “It is completely absurd! What discipline are they trying to impose? As well, I have a school next to my house and I cannot study there. They want to take away the autonomy of education, schools, teachers, students. ”
There is a clear dispute over classes and the attempt at training made explicit in the requirements established by the law, says Ana Júlia. Militarized educational institutions must have the following characteristics according to law 20,338: high social vulnerability index; low school flow rate; low school performance index. “Characteristics that explain the political, social, economic and educational hygiene that those in power want. They explain the hatred and disgust they have for us ”, highlights the student.
The project also lowers the workload of disciplines such as Sociology, Philosophy and Arts. And it shifts 80 million of Education resources to purchase uniforms and to pay retired military police officers to manage schools.
Military for what?
On Friday, teachers from Paraná protested at the State Education Secretariat against the militarization project. “It is one thing for you to study at a military college because you wanted to follow that methodology. Another is that it is imposed in a process completely run over. In this sense, we started popular action. There was a process that does not respect public morality, of dialogue with the school community. Use the pandemic to pass a rug. The state government is using public money to advertise this, to implement an ideological project, without respecting the adversary. It announces as if everything is already being implemented, and the election process has not even ended. ”
In view of this, the popular action denounces: “In addition to the systematic campaign that has been carried out by the State Government and by the State Secretariat of Education, it should be noted that, even before the deadline for the participation of the school community in the consultation process has ended – taking into account considering that it was extended until October 30, 2020 (Friday) – the official channels of that Secretariat have been publishing, in advance, supposed positive results regarding the approval of the model that the State Government intends to implement, as will be proven ”.
The leader of the squad also emphasizes that she is against the militarization of Ratinho Júnior for attacking school autonomy and the democratic school project. “There is a demand in the field of education to have a decentralized, less hierarchical teaching, with more dialogue. Let the student’s perspective also work outside the school. And that does not happen with this project. The idea is to put the military inside the school in a guardianship role, of silencing and that is totally against a school with autonomy. What is the function of having military personnel at school, who are not teachers, do not have any specific training to be there? ”, He asks.
Oil workers strike in six states against abuses and privatizations
São Paulo – Oil tankers from Amazonas, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco and São Paulo started a strike this Friday (5). In addition, oil tankers from Bahia have also resumed the strike, after the failure of negotiations with Petrobras management. Another seven unions in the category are holding assemblies in the coming days to decide whether they will also join the strike.
In addition to the sliced privatization of Petrobras subsidiaries, workers complain about worsening working conditions. They claim that bullying has become a “management tool”, used by the company’s management to pressure workers.
In addition to a policy to combat moral harassment, oil tankers also want an end to shift folds and extended working hours with the strike that broke out. They also demand the implementation of the collective bargaining agreement specifically for workers who work 12 hours a day.
According to the Single Federation of Oil Workers (FUP-CUT), workers are exhausted, “physically and psychologically”. The organization says there is no dialogue with the unions. On the other hand, the managements of Petrobras units subject the category to exhaustive hours and multifunctions, whether in face-to-face or remote work. In addition, the FUP also denounces compulsory transfers of workers and non-compliance with the Collective Agreement.
According to the federation, the current strike by oil tankers is “in defense of life, jobs and rights”. “We cannot admit that thousands of workers have their lives turned upside down, without the Petrobras management even accepting to negotiate alternatives proposed by the category. All this in the midst of the covid-19 pandemic, which is advancing on oil tankers, with hundreds of workers contaminated weekly due to the incompetence and negligence of the Castello Branco management, ”said the FUP, in a note.
In Bahia, in addition to labor issues, oil tankers are also protesting the privatization of the Landulpho Alves Refinery (Rlam). They had gone on strike on 17 February. But the strike was suspended the next day, when Petrobras announced its intention to negotiate.
Last month, Rlam was sold to Mubadala Capital, Abhu Dhabi’s investment fund, for $ 1.65 billion. But, according to the Institute for Strategic Studies of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (Ineep), the refinery was sold for less than 50% of its value. According to calculations by the institute, Rlam’s market value would be between US $ 3 and US $ 4 billion.
In São Paulo, oil tankers from the Mauá (Recap) and Paulínia (Replan) refineries crossed their arms this morning. They protest the dismantling of Petrobras and the impacts of privatization on workers. In Espírito Santo, onshore oil tankers, in São Mateus, joined the strike. At the Manaus Refinery (Reman), with reduced headcount, workers complain that they are exposed to the daily risks of accidents and contamination by covid-19. In Bahia, the union denounces the presence of a strong police apparatus on the outskirts of Rlam.
“Fair price” fuels
This Thursday (4), the oil tankers participated in the demonstrations called by the centrals in favor of employment, vaccination for all and emergency aid of RS 600. In partnership with CUT and social movements, Petrobras workers sold “fair price” fuels in nine states. Taxi drivers, drivers and application deliverers were able to purchase gasoline for R $ 3.50 a liter. In Salvador, truck drivers were also able to refuel by paying R $ 3.09 per liter of diesel.
Fuel discounts served to protest the International Price Parity (PPI) policy, which has been adopted by Petrobras since 2016. In other words, linked to the value of a barrel of oil in the market, coupled with the devaluation of the real in the last period, the fuel prices have exploded. As a result of this policy, gasoline registered an accumulated increase of 41.5%, only in 2021. In diesel, the increase reaches 34.1%.
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