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After Arce’s victory in Bolivia, #ChoraElonMusk bombs on Twitter

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São Paulo – Brazilian Internet users took advantage of the victory of the Movement for Socialism (MAS) candidate, Luis Arce Catacora, as the new president of Bolivia to provoke billionaire Elon Musk. On Monday morning (19) the hashtag #ChoraElonMusk was the third most commented on Twitter, while the term “Bolivia” appeared in the first place.

Musk is the creator and director of Tesla Motors, which produces electric cars. The batteries of this type of vehicle are made with lithium. On the other hand, Bolivia concentrates the largest world reserves of this mineral. And foreign interests in the exploration of Bolivian lithium are one of the factors that explain the coup against former President Evo Morales in late 2019.

In March of this year, Musk assumed the coup intentions. Teased by an Internet user about the participation of the United States government in the deposition of Morales, the director of Tesla Motors was accused. “We are going to hit whoever we want! Deal with it, ”he replied on Twitter. Then the message was deleted by the businessman, but prints continued to circulate.

Later, in April, Morales said that the overthrow of his government “was a blow to the Indian, the population and lithium”. He stated that the US government “never forgave” the fact that the Bolivian government has defined an autonomous and independent economic policy around the exploitation of the deposits of this raw material.

The Morales government demanded that the exploration of lithium by American, Canadian and European companies must go through an agreement with the Bolivian Mining Corporation (Comibol), the sector’s state-owned company. Without understanding with these companies, however, Bolivia decided to establish partnerships with Chinese companies.

Check out more highlights of the hashtag #ChoraElonMusk and the repercussions of the elections in Bolivia:

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Economy

more unemployment and more informality

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São Paulo – Government, businessmen and some parliamentarians were in tune with the defense of the bill that, if approved, would lead to the creation of Law 13,467 in 2017. The so-called labor reform, after all, would lead to the creation of millions of jobs. This would happen to the extent that it would end the rigidity of the legislation, which they treated as being “plastered”, facilitating hiring and giving the much-needed “modernization” to the Brazilian labor market.

Because the law completed three years on November 11 “and nobody celebrated, not even timidly”, recalls analyst Marcos Verlaine, from the Inter-Union Department of Parliamentary Advisory (Diap). “Among the expectations generated by the authors, the government of that time, the businessmen, who sponsored, defended and acted strongly in Congress to approve it, the media and reality, remained the harsh reality”, he says, in an article. He defines the measure passed by Congress as a “capital Trojan horse” to implode labor rights.

Collective bargaining?

The insistent defense of the “negotiated over the legislature”, a recurring expression at the time, was not to privilege negotiation, notes the analyst. “It was to remove rights, since the negotiations – both CCT (ccollective labor agreements) and ACT (collective labor agreements) – they never prevented, on the contrary, that the conventions surpass the CLT, nor that the agreements surpass the conventions. ”

The “millions” of jobs did not come, even before the pandemic. The growth in occupation was basically due to informal work. In 2016, the year before the “reform”, the country had 10.1 million unpaid employees in the private sector and 22.4 million self-employed workers. Last year, they were 11.6 million and 24.2 million, respectively (check table). The data are from the National Household Sample Survey (Pnad) Continua, from IBGE.

Modernization or precariousness?

Employment with a wallet fell. And the Gini index at work, which measures inequality, which until 2015 fell, rose again the following year and has not stopped.

The “reform” introduced hiring modalities, such as intermittent work. They were also presented as items of the necessary “modernization”, but union members and researchers identify them as additional signs of precariousness in the market. Although still small, the participation of the intermittent modality has been growing.

This week, the Federal Supreme Court (STF) began to judge direct actions of unconstitutionality against intermittent work. In his vote, the rapporteur, Minister Edson Fachin, considered the item unconstitutional and causing damage to workers’ health. But his colleagues Kassio Nunes Marques and Alexandre Moraes were in favor of the sport. The trial was interrupted by a request for view from Minister Rosa Weber.

If it is impossible to revoke the law in its entirety, Verlaine suggests specific changes, citing intermittent hiring. “It is necessary to negotiate with all political and social actors in order to bring about changes in this scorched earth scenario” he argues.

read more: ‘Labor Reform’: Stories of a False Promise and Changes in ‘Endless Destruction’

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