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according to Volks ‘turns a page at a tragic moment in the country’



São Paulo – At noon on Thursday (24), former Volkswagen workers and widows of former employees will meet at the headquarters of the ABC Metalworkers Union, in São Bernardo do Campo, to decide the next steps after announcement of an agreement between the automaker and the Public Prosecutor’s Office on the recognition of actions supporting Volkswagen’s dictatorship. As a result, three civil inquiries opened in September 2015 are closed. The process originated from a request made by several entities, such as union centers and IIEP (Exchange, Information, Studies and Research), in addition to lawyer Rosa Cardoso, that in the National Truth Commission he was part of the working group that investigated the relationship between companies and dictatorship.

The Volks case was the most advanced, but there are other companies that can now be held responsible. “It is a milestone. It has become an important page, especially at such a tragic moment that our country is experiencing ”, says the president of the Association Heinrich Plagge, which brings together former employees of the automaker, Tarcísio Tadeu Garcia Pereira. The name of the entity honors one of them, who died in 2018. For Tarcísio, the agreement “is to rekindle a new hope in the struggle of Brazilian workers”.

Complicity with repression

The agreement, actually a Conduct Adjustment Term (TAC), was announced by the Federal Public Ministry (MPF), the State of São Paulo (MPSP) and Labor (MPT). Under the extrajudicial agreement, the company assumes obligations not to take legal action “on the company’s complicity with the dictatorship’s repression bodies”. Among other things, the company will allocate R $ 36.3 million to former workers – persecuted or tortured – and to initiatives that promote human rights.

“Throughout the investigations, the Public Ministries identified Volkswagen’s collaboration with the repressive apparatus of the military government from thousands of documents gathered, information from witnesses and researchers’ reports, one hired by the MPF and another by the company itself”, affirm the MPs in joint note. Of the total amount, R $ 16.8 million will be donated to the association, to be shared between former workers and relatives of victims. “The money will be shared among former employees who have been harassed for their political guidelines, following criteria defined by an independent arbitrator and under the supervision of the MPT.”

Memorial and bones

Another R $ 10.5 million “will reinforce Transitional Justice policies”. One of them, which will have R $ 6 million, is the Memorial da Luta por Justiça, a project by the São Paulo section of the Brazilian Bar Association (OAB-SP) and the Political Memory Preservation Center (NPMP). A further R $ 4.5 million will be allocated to the Federal University of São Paulo (Unifesp) to finance research on the collaboration of companies with the dictatorship and the continued identification of bones found in 1990 in a clandestine ditch in Dom Bosco Cemetery, in the neighborhood of Turkeys, northwest region of São Paulo.

Bellentani (first left) and other former workers. Inside the factory, the company released a report to ‘reconcile’ with the past

The payment of R $ 9 million to the Federal and State Funds for the Defense and Repair of Diffused Rights is also planned. “The company will also publish a public statement on the subject in major newspapers on the subject,” recalls the MPs. It is estimated that disbursements will occur in January.

Democratic weakness

“The adjustment of conduct established on this date is unprecedented in Brazilian history and has enormous importance in the promotion of Transitional Justice, in Brazil and in the world”, state the prosecutors. “Facing the legacy of human rights violations by dictatorial regimes is a moral and legal imperative. It is not possible to turn ignoble pages of history without full disclosure of the truth, reparation for the victims, promotion of the responsibility of the authors of serious violations of human rights, preservation and dissemination of memory, and effecting institutional reforms, under penalty of democratic weakness and recurrence risks ”, They add.

Documentary shown on German TV in 2017 shed more light on the subject and put pressure on the company. Those responsible for the work, journalists Stefanie Dodt and Thomas Aders, will be on Thursday in São Bernardo. They told the story of Lúcio Bellentani, a worker arrested in the middle of the factory in 1972, with the help of the company, arrested and tortured. Bellentani died just over a year ago. By the way, Tarcísio, who joined Volks in 1969, the height of the dictatorship, in the tooling shop, was his apprentice – and replaced Bellentani himself in the presidency of the association.

Disregard for institutions

In addition, even in 2017, the company itself released a report, prepared by a German historian. He acknowledged the participation of some officials in supporting repression, but not institutional participation.

“Brazil, unfortunately, continues to be a notable case of resistance to the broad promotion of this agenda (of Transitional Justice). And, not by chance, expressions of disapproval echo their democratic institutions, ”say the prosecutors involved in the negotiations. “In the world, on the other hand, there are still rare episodes of companies that accept to participate in a process of this nature and to review their responsibilities for collaborating with authoritarian regimes.”

Now, other companies will continue to be investigated. The association of former Volks employees is expected to become an entity that will bring together workers persecuted by the dictatorship in the ABC region.

read more
• Volks and the rugged repair path. ‘We lost battles, but not all,’ says Rosa Cardoso
> Former Volks employees go to the factory and charge for chase repair
• Volks and the dictatorship: workers try ‘exemplary’ agreement
> Dictatorship wage policy helped Volks compress wages and increase profits
• Centrals want punishment of companies that were ‘barracks’ during the dictatorship

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TVT shows second episode about Paulo Freire’s work and thought




São Paulo – TVT will air, starting at 9:00 pm this Saturday (16), in partnership with SescTV, the second in a series of five episodes of the documentary series “Paulo Freire – Um Homem no mundo”, directed by Cristiano Burlan. After “The Formation of Thought”, shown last Saturday (link below), it is the turn of “As 40 horas de Angicos”. The work shows the literacy experience carried out in the interior of Rio Grande do Norte. Alumni and teachers are interviewed. The program includes testimonials from Freire himself.

“Angicos has become an emblematic word for all those interested in popular education. The small town located in the hinterland of Rio Grande do Norte was the stage on which, for the first time, Paulo Freire, in early 1963, put into practice his famous method of adult literacy. In this way, the work, which until then was developed incipiently in Recife, gained great visibility at national and international levels ”, describes José Willington Germano, professor at the Department of Social Sciences at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN).

The episode, lasting 52 minutes, shows the construction of the experience since its beginning, when, in December 1962, a group of students, mostly university students, surveyed the vocabulary universe of the Angicos population. Soon after, these students, “radical Catholics”, according to Germano, created several Circles of Culture and, under the sponsorship of the government of Rio Grande do Norte and the “Alliance for Progress” (a program of North American origin), became community literacy possible.

Scene from “As 40 horas de Angicos”, today’s episode (16), at 21h, on TVT (© Sesc / TV – reproduction)

“Getting the participants to learn to read and write and, moreover, to become politicized in 40 hours constituted the fundamental objectives of the experience. This aroused enormous curiosity, which is why the work of Freire and the students of Rio Grande do Norte traveled the world. In Angicos, observers, education specialists and journalists were present not only from the main media in Brazil, but also from abroad ”, adds the professor.

Centennial Series

The series also has the episodes “O exílio” (about the period lived by Paulo Freire in Switzerland after the 1964 coup), “From Pátio do Colégio to Pedagogia do Oprimido” (which addresses his return to Brazil) and “O mundo não it is, it is being ”(regarding the bases of the educator’s training). The musical group Cia do Tijolo and the singer and composer Chico César participate in the latter. In addition to Saturdays at 9 pm, the program will be aired by TVT on Sundays at 2pm.

Paulo Reglus Neves Freire would reach the centenary of his birth this year. He was born in Recife, on September 19, 1921. The patron of Brazilian education died on May 2, 1997, in São Paulo.

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